Türkmenabat (in Cyrillic Turkmène : Түркменабат) is a city of the Turkménistan, capital of the province of Lebap. The population of Türkmenabat was estimated at: 240900 inhabitants in 2007. The city is located on banks of the Amou Daria.
From 30 with 40 % of the population of Türkmenabat is ouzbèke.
The town of Türkmenabat has a history of more than two millenia. The old city was called Āmul and would have given its name to Amou Daria which irrigates the area.
The modern city was built in 1886 during the construction of the railway line in Central Asia. The city was called then Tchardjou (in Russian Cyrillique Чарджоу and in Cyrillic turkmene Чәрҗев) and was used as junction point on the line. This access to means of transport on long distances allowed the area around Türkmenabat, fertile and irrigated by the Amou Daria to market its products towards the east of Russia (Moscow, Saint-Pétersbourg, Novgorod, etc). The principal exported products are then related on the textile (Tchardjou is on the Silk route which made its fortune in the past) and to agricultural harvests. With the installation of the Soviet State : Tchardjou continues its industrial development in the agro-alimentary one, the textile and like regional node of rail-bound transport.
With the independence of Turkménistan in 1991, Tchardjou is famous Türkmenabat and loses its role of node in the transports rail-bound and industrial pole to the profit of the capital Aşgabat.
With 70 kilometers in the south of the city the animalist reserve of Repetek in the desert is known for its Zemzen or crocodiles of the desert.
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