Superior council of the French language
The Superior council of the French language is, in several French-speaking countries , an organism in charge of advising the Government on the related questions for the use of the French language. Such an organization exists in France, Belgium and with the Quebec (for the application of the Charte of the French language). In French-speaking Switzerland, the Delegation with the French language has a similar mission. These various organizations of linguistic management cooperate regularly between them.
The Superior council of the French language in BelgiumIn Belgium, the Superior council of the French language was created in 1985. He advises the government of the French Communauté of Belgium on any relative question with French and the Francophonie or on any social question or policy which would present a linguistic aspect. Its missions are also to be attentive with the evolution of the linguistic situation in the French Community, to cause sociolinguistic research and actions of promotion of French near the population. Examples of treated files: the question of French in sciences and the scientific research; the Feminization of the names of functions, titles and trade in the official terminology; the planning of the lexical creation science terminology; the legibility of the administrative documents; formation with the scientific and technical drafting; the linguistic protection of the consumer; development and diffusion of orthographical Corrections (literal spelling and grammatical spelling).
To the sides of the Council, the Service of the French language leads a policy of research and animation.
The Superior council of the French language in FranceIn France, the Council was instituted in 1989. He advises the Government on “the relative questions with use, installation, enrichment, the promotion and the diffusion of the French language in France and out of France and with the policy with regard to the foreign languages”.
Its first task consisted in proposing a series of orthographical Rectifications of the French language. These corrections, published in a report/ratio and approved by the French Academy like by authorities of other French-speaking countries, were published in the Official journal in 1990 and are officially recommended in France, without being obligatory (these corrections are more regularly used in Belgium and Switzerland).
The Council is chaired by the Prime Minister and includes/understands 22 personalities, of which perpetual Secretaries of the French Academy and the Academy of Science. Its vice-president was Yves Berger (deceased in 2004). He is attached to the ministry for the culture and the General delegation with the French language and the languages of France ensures its secretariat.
The Superior council of the French language in QuebecThe Council of the French language was created in 1977 at the time of the promulgation of the Charte of the French language. He has the role of advising the minister responsible for the application of the Charter on the Québécois policy of the French language and is composed of twelve members representing the various sociocultural mediums.
A permanent personnel allows the realization of these objectives, and supervises the evolution of the linguistic situation in Quebec as for the use of the language and to his quality. The Council of the French language thus undertakes studies on the integration, teaching working language of the immigrants, data processing and new technologies, the Public administration, the services, posting, the scientific information and technique, etc
To recognize the efforts of the people and the organizations which were illustrated by their activities of promotion of French, the Council decrees also prices: the Order of the French-speaking people of America, the price of 3-July-1608 and the price Jules-Baker. The Québécois Council also set up the Prix Emile-Ollivier, in 2004, within the framework of the Forum of the francophonie.
- founding the Superior council of the French language of France (version in force).
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