Stuttgart is a town of Germany and capital of the Land Bade-Wurtemberg.
It is in the historical area of the Souabe ( Schwaben ). Stuttgart is the sixth town of Germany and the third agglomeration with 2,63 million inhabitants.
The city is also the capital of the district ( Regierungsbezirk ) Stuttgart. It is crossed by the Neckar.
The first mention of the name of the city goes back to 1180, in the form Stute Garte (the Jardin of the Jument S), although one finds already trace of the city in 746, at the time of the Massacre of Cannstatt. At the 13th century the city becomes a city, then, at the 15th century, a Duché, yielded to the count of Habsbourg.
In 1886, Stuttgart is pionnière in the sector of the Automobile with the production of the two cars of Daimler (specialized in the engines) and of Benz (specialized in the frames) and the creation of their two companies, before amalgamating in Daimler-Benz in 1926.
- , to see
linguistic Exchange: Geschwister Scholl Gymnasium with College A.Camus ,
- linguistic Exchange: Hegel Gymnasium with College Éganaude ,
- linguistic Exchange: Gymnasium Gerlingen with College Alphonse linguistic Daudet
- Exchange: Paracelsus-Gymnasium-Hohenheim with College Jean Perrin
MuseumsThe most famous museum of Stuttgart is the Staatsgalerie (Gallery of State), which contains one of the most important collections of painting of Germany of 15th at the XXe century after Berlin, Munich and Dresden. The most important part of the museum is the Retable of Herrenberg (v. 1520) of Jörg Ratgeb, one of the most important works of German painting. The collection is also famous for its funds particularly representative of works of max Beckmann and Oskar Schlemmer, like for the greatest whole of Pablo Picasso S of Germany.
The Linden-Museum , museum of Ethnographie, is also famous for the importance as well quantitative as qualitative, of its collection.
Stuttgart has in a whole ten museums. Also let us quote the Municipal Musée of the Art schools (devoted to the modern art and contemporary and the rich person of deep seas world of works of Otto Ten), the Musée Porsche , the Musée Mercedes-Benz and the Musée of Natural history .
Classical musicStuttgart has a symphony orchestra currently directed by Roger Norrington. One can also quote the Chamber orchestra of the young people ( Junges Kammerorchester Stuttgart ).
- Old Castle (Altes Schloss) (S)
- New Castle (Neues Schloss) (18th century)
- conventual Church (Stiftskirche) (15th century)
- Central station (good example of monumental architecture of the Years 1920)
- Turn of television
- Tower telephone
- hertzian Tower
Famous characters born or deceased in Stuttgart
- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, philosopher (1770 - 1831)
- Robert Bosch, industrialist and founder of Robert Bosch GMBH (1861 - 1942)
- Fred Uhlmann, painter and writer
- Richard von Weizsäcker, ex- president of the the Federal Republic of Germany of 1984 with 1994
- Hansi Müller, footballer
- Wilhelm Hauff, writer of the time of the Biedermeier, (1802-1827)
- Georg Herwegh, poet, (1817-1875)
- Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, member of the German Resistance to the Nazism and brother of Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg (1905-1944)
- Albert Boehringer, (1861-1939), founder of Boehringer-Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals
- Manfred Wörner, (1934-1994), General secretary of NATO of 1988-1994
- Roland Emmerich, (1955-), realizer
ClimateClimate of Stuttgart east of the continental type.
Sciences and education
Stuttgart is a university town.
EconomyThe seat of the car manufacturers Daimler-Chrysler (including Mercedes Benz) and Porsche are located at Stuttgart. One also finds the Bosch group there. The city is an important center of industrial activities. The activities of high technologies are also represented. Indeed, the European head offices of Hewlett-Packard and IBM are
there TransportLocated at Leinfelden-Echterdingen to 15 km in the south of the city, the airport of Stuttgart became one of most important of Germany: there were 7,6 million passengers into 2003,8,8 in 2004 and 9,6 in 2005. Since the opening of the third terminal in 2004, the capacity of the airport reaches the 12 million passengers.
From the railway point of view, Stuttgart is a node with crossed connections towards Karlsruhe - Strasbourg - Paris, Mannheim - Frankfurt - Cologne, Ulm - Munich, Zurich - Milan, Nuremberg… the central station ( Hauptbahnhof ) current, built in 1922, is of cul-de-sac type (the trains must make half-turn). To decrease times of stop and to improve connections with the other cities, an imposing project, Stuttgart 21 was set up: it would be a question on the one hand of burying the station with the quays and of digging a direct tunnel to the airport what would make it possible to notably reduce times of way in direction of Ulm and Munich. Work was to start in 2005, but the controversies around this project caused their carryforward sine die .
With the level of public transport, Stuttgart has 6 lines of S-Bahn (equivalent of the Parisian RER), exploited by a subsidiary company of the Deutsche Bahn. There is moreover one wide-area network of tram (16 lines) and bus (55 lines). There are finally a tram line with toothed rack and a Funiculaire (inaugurated in 1929). The whole of transport is supervised by the Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund Stuttgart (VVS, Fédération of Transport and Tarifs of Stuttgart ) to which are dependant all the companies operating on the agglomeration, allowing a tariff unit and a certain coherence the level of the offer.
SportsThe VfB Stuttgart is the principal club of Football of the city and current holding of the title of the Championnat of Germany of football. The club evolves/moves with the Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion.
The other club of the city, the Stuttgarter Kickers, evolves/moves in the third division.
- stuttgart.de - Official site of the city (also in French)
- Stuttgart-tourist.de - official tourist Information (also in French)
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