Strong National Frederica Monument
Fort Frederica National Monument is a American national Monument located on the island of St Simons Island (Georgia) in the state of Georgia at the the United States. The monument consists of archaeological vestiges coming from old extremely and an old city built by James Oglethorpe between 1736 and 1748 to protect the southernmost borders from the British colony of the Province of Georgia against the Spanish attacks .
At the beginning of the 18th century, the grounds located between the British province of South Carolina and Spanish Florida were coveted by the two colonial powers. The current American state of Georgia is located at the center of these grounds of conflicts. Strong Frederica was built as from 1736 by English, Scottish colonists and German to facilitate the conquest of the area. The fort holds its name of Frederick, prince de Galles. This name was then feminized to distinguish it from the Fort Frederick located in South Carolina.
In 1742, at the time of the Battle of the Bloody Marshes and of Gully Hole Creek, the forces of Oglethorpe pushed back the Spanish attacks aiming at conquering St Simons Island. Thereafter, Spanish does not reflect any more in danger the colony and the garrison of the fort was demobilized. The city fell then into an economic decline and was quickly abandoned.
Fort Frederica became a American national Monument the May 26th 1936. Since 1947, the National Park Service and the association of Strong Frederica sponsorisèrent several archaeological excavations on the site. While basing itself on files of the time, the archeologists reflect at the day of the parts of the fort and the city. The monument was added to the list of the historic sites National Register off Historic Places the October 15th 1966. Fort Frederica is opened with the public.
- Strong King George
- Strong Morris State Historic Strong Site
- Caroline National Memorial
- Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
- Strong National Matanzas Monument
- Battle of the Bloody Marshes
- Battle of Gully Hole Creek
- National The Parks: Index 2001-2003 . Washington: Department of the Interior of the United States.
- Site official of Strong National Frederica Monument
- Archeology of Strong National Frederica Monument
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