A stowaway is well a user of a , a service or a resource, which do not pay “the right” price of its use. The problem of the stowaway occurs when the existence of stowawaies involves the under-production of a Public property, the Surconsommation of a Community property or the Surexploitation of a Natural resource.
It is Mancur Olson, socio-economist American, who highlights this phenomenon in 1965 in his work Logique of the class action suit . For him, only must be taken into account the rational individual. He takes the example of the trade unionism thus. If all are profit advantages obtained by the trade union, which interest of cotiser, it is enough to await trade union the benefit without beginning nor to pay.
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