The consular Fastes are the chronological lists of the Consul S used in the ancient Rome. Those which follow were mainly carried out starting from Tite-Live, Histoire of Rome , for the period going of the Fondation of Rome at the year 9 before Jesus-Christ.
The Chronographe of 354 constitutes another source, going until in 354 a. J. - C.
The Romains very seldom dated starting from the foundation from Rome but according to the Consul S from the year. This consular records thus enable us to date the texts (Guerre of Gaules, etc) or the inscriptions concise.
Roman Consuls of the Republic , 509 with 31 av. J. - C.
- Roman Consuls of the High-Empire , until the Convenient death of , in 192 a. J. - C.
- Roman Consuls of the Lower Empire , until in 541 a. J. - C.
End of the Roman era and beginning of the Christian era
About at the same time, the pope Hormisdas request with Dionysius Exiguus, a monk Scythian scholar, to conceive a method to determine the date of Easter. Its tables, which begin in 532 (either the year MCCLDDDV, 1285e year after the Fondation of Rome), take as starting point the year of birth of the Christ (whom it places in year 753 of the foundation of Rome, or 4 to 7 years too early) and lead to the adoption of the dating by the Christian era (also called dionysienne) on the grounds of Occident. It is only at the end of the 9th century, under Charles the Large, that its employment became almost systematic at the Carolingians.
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