Space program of Russia
The space program of Russia during many years was mainly centered on the space stations in terrestrial orbit.
During several years, the Soviet Union will be the country more the avant-gardist of the space Conquête, with the sending in space:
- of the first artificial object: Sputnik 1, launched on October 4th, 1957)
- of the first living being: the bitch Laïka, the
- of the first lunar probe : Luna 1, on January 4th, 1959
- of the first Man: Youri Gagarine, on board the Vostok 1 on April 12th, 1961
- of the first woman: Valentina Terechkova, the
- of the first crew of two members: Voskhod 1, on October 12th, 1964
From this date, Russia and the United States will be satisfied to send men in terrestrial orbit, for problems of costs and to continue space exploration through the sending of automated space probes.
In the Années 1970, Soviet will work on a program of Space shuttle, Bourane, that some regard as the certified copy of the American version. However it of it is nothing, Bourane is more advanced than his sister, but following problems of financing, the program is stopped towards the end of the Années 1980.
- International space station (ISS)
- Salyut, the vessels Soyuz, and the cargo liner Progress
- Programme Luna
- Programme Lunokhod
- Programme Venerated
- Programme Mars
- Programme Voskhod
- Programme Vostok
- Programme Zond
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