The the USSR was controlled according to four Constitution S successive:
- the Soviet Constitution of 1924
- the Soviet Constitution of 1936
- the Soviet Constitution of 1977
The political Théorie subjacent with the Soviet constitution strongly differs from the theories of the Western constitutions. The democratic constitutions are basically prescriptive: they define a whole of political relations to which their governments and their citizens aspire. By contrast, the Soviet constitutions sought to describe an already existing unit. Thus, with each time changes occurred in the socio-economic or political systems, the government adopted new constitutions which conformed to the new reality.
With the first access, the four constitutions are similar to a good number of Western constitutions. But the differences are contrasted. The Soviet constitutions seemed to guarantee a certain number of political rights, such as the Freedom of expression, the right to meet and freedom of worship. They identified also a series of economic rights and social, as well as a whole of duties applicable to the whole of the citizens. Nevertheless, the Soviet constitutions did not contain any provision guaranteeing the inalienable rights of the citizenship, and they missed the protection mechanisms of the individual rights included/understood in the majority of the democratic constitutions. Thus, the population profited from political rights as long as those were in conformity with the interests of the construction of the Socialisme. Only the Communist party of the Soviet Union had the authority to determine what served the interests of socialism. Lastly, the Soviet constitutions specified the form and the contents of the symbols of the state, like the flag, and the National anthem.
The four constitutions had joint provisions. They expressed all the theoretical sovereignty of the workers and the directing role of the party in the government and the company. All the constitutions described the forms of the socialist property. Lastly, each constitution called a system of Soviet S, or councils, to exert the governmental authority.
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