A Soviet (of the Russian : cове́т = council) is literally a ''' council ''' workmen, peasants and of Soldat S acquired with the left-wing ideas in the Russia tsarist, which seized the power in a local organization (a factory, a city, a province…) starting from 1905.
In February 1917, the reformation of the Soviets leads to the inversion of the mode tsarist. But the Soviets will not exert their power completely: from February in October 1917, the capacity is held by a “provisional government” directed by Alexandre Kerensky. The watchword defended by the Bolcheviks is then: “All capacity with the Soviets! ”. Starting from October 1917, the capacity is held by “police chiefs of the people”, approved by the Congrès of the Soviets (delegates elected by the Soviets), directed by Lénine.
In Soviet Union, the Soviet was an at the same time legislative and executive body elected delegates, on several levels (local, municipal, republican or federal).
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