The South-Sudan is an area of the Sudan. The Sudanese government agreed to give autonomy to the area in the peace agreement signed the January 9th 2005 with Naivasha, with the Kenya with the popular Armée with release of Sudan (APLS), trying to put an end to the Second Sudanese civil war.
South-Sudan has fontières with:
- the Ethiopia in the east,
- the Kenya, the Uganda, and the Democratic republic of Congo in the south,
- the Central African Republic in the west.
- and the north of Sudan, Arab area mainly and Moslem E controlled directly by the central government.
South-Sudan includes/understands the ten of the wilayats , or States, formerly part of the provinces of Equatoria (Bahr Al Jabal, Equatoria is, and western Equatoria), Bahr el Ghazal (northern Bahr Al Ghazal, Bahr Al western Ghazal, and the lakes), and the higher Nile (Junqali, Wahdah, and the the higher Nile). The southernmost area has a population of approximately 9 million and mainly rural, whose life is based on a saving in subsistence.
This area was touched hard by the war continues, except for 10 years of calm since independence in 1956, having for result the serious negligence, the lack of development of the infrastructures, the destruction and displacement. More than 2 million people died, and more than 4 million were moved or are taken refuge because of civil war and of its consequences.
In this area the Sudaneses preserved the traditional beliefs, although they were converted by the Christian missionary S . The south also comprises many tribal groups and a greater number of languages are spoken than in north. The Dinka, whose population is estimated at more than one million people, is largest of the many black African tribes of Sudan. With Shilluk and the Nuer, they are among the tribes of nilotic. Zande, and OJ Luo is the tribes Sudanese woman in the west, and the Acholi and the Lotuhu live in the extreme south, being prolonged until in Uganda.
While waiting for elections, seats with the Parliament of South-Sudan and the government of South-Sudan must be distributed in the following proportions between SPLM (70%), CPC (old NIF) (15%), and “other political clouts of the South” (15%). Before its death the July 30th 2005, the chief of the rebels John Garang was the president of South-Sudan. Garang was replaced by Salva Kiir Mayardit which lent oath as vice-president of Sudan the August 11th 2005.
IndependenceThe independence of the South is envisaged in the future. The work of the Agency of the United States for international expansion) and other organizations attempted to create a central bank with Rumbek, probable the future capital, and the area is reorganized with a statute of State-nation. However, the points of sights contradictoirs of the various factions, such as SPLA and the Southerners, return the future of this prospect dubious.
- Site for the indépendence of the south
- Mission of UNO in Sudan
- the Peace agreement
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