Sonam Gyatso (Tibetan: བསོད་ནམས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་; Wylie: Bsod-nams Rgya-mtsho; ZWPY: Soinam Gyaco) (1543 - 1588) was the 3rd Dalaï LAMA, and the first officially recognized by the Mongolian (Altan Khan), which gave him this title, which applies retroactively to its two predecessors. It is about a combination of " Dalai" , translation in Mongolian of the Tibetan " Gyatso" (" océan" wisdom), and of the honorary Tibetan term " lama" who means Gurû. Associated, these terms mean " professor with large wisdom like the océan".
Sonam Gyatso was born in 1543 in Tolung, close to Lhassa, Namgyal Drakpa and Pelzom Bhuti, in a rich family. His/her parents had given rise to many children, but they all were died. To entreat the misfortune which could have removed this newborn, they nourished it milk of a white goat and named it Ranu Sicho Pelzang- “thrives It saved by the goat's milk”.
In 1546, at the 3 years age, Sonam Dakpa Gyaltsen, the leader of the Tibet, and Panchen Sonam Dakpa recognized it like the reincarnation of Gedun Gyatso. He was escorted with the Monastery of Drépung in a great procession. He was established and its hair was cut, symbolizing its renunciation of the world. It took the wishes of beginner of Sonam Dakpa at the 7 years age and received the name of Sonam Gyatso. At the 22 years age, it took the wishes of Gelong (the ordinance supplements) of “Bhiksu” of Gelek Palsang.
In 1552, Sonam Gyatso became the abbot of the Monastery of Drépung and in 1558, the abbot of the Monastery of Séra. In 1574, in order to help it in the exécuction of its religious activities, it founded Phende Lekshe Ling, currently called the Monastery of Namgyal which is always the personal Monastery of the Dalaï Lama. It was at this period that King Altan Khan Mongolian offered to him the title of “Dalaï Lama” which means “Ocean of Wisdom literally”. In return, the Dalaï Lama conferred on Altan Khan the title of “Brahma”, king of the religion. The 3rd Dalaï Lama founded the Monastery of Kumbum instead of birth of Tsongkhapa as well as the Monastery of Litang in the Kham. In 1588, he died whereas he taught in Mongolia.
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