Social democrat party of Croatia
The social democrat Parti Croatia (in Croatian Socijaldemokratska Partija Hrvatske , shortened in SDP) is the social democrat main thing Parti Croatia. He is member of the Internationale Socialist and associated member of the European Socialist party.
The party has for remote origin the League of the Communists of Croatia ( Know Komunista Hrvatske , SKH). This one - directed by Ivica Račan - as well as the League of the Communists of Slovenia, left the 14th congress of the '' Ligue of the Communists of Yugoslavia '', which was held in January 1990, because of impossibility of cooperating with the Ligue of the Communists of Serbia carried out by Slobodan Milošević. As of its election with the head of the party, Račan announced the behavior of the first free parliamentary elections in Croatia within four month. For those, the party added at the end of its name the mention Stranka demokratskih promjena . The SKH-SDP lost the elections but it became the first political clout of opposition.
Transformed into social democrat Party, party of the democratic change , the party knew many defections, including with the more high level, with the beginning of the Guerre of Croatia (1991-1995). This situation led its direction of the party to be worried more survival of this one that of its role of first opposition party to the nationalist government of HDZ. This led it to tolerate some of the political decisions the against-most versed such many infringements with the human rights or privatizations with the profit of war profiteers. The party started to be indicated with irony like the Little sister of the HDZ and its chief had to give up the leadership of the opposition to the president of the Parti social liberal Croatian (HSLS). Račan continued to reform the social democrat Party by purging it of the communist ideology as well as its elements more the gauchists. April 30th, 1994, the party amalgamated with the Social democrats of Croatia (SDH) to form the social democrat Parti Croatia (SDP) which took importance when, after the end of the war of Croatia, population started to be interested in the social questions. This appeared, in particular, with the parliamentary elections of 1995 and the presidential election of 1997.
In August 1998, the SDP and the HSLS formed an alliance for the parliamentary elections of December 2000. Alliance was widened in 2000 to four other parties of the center and right-hand side what enabled them to gain the parliamentary elections of 2000 and the presidential election of January 2001. The chief of the SDP - Ivica Račan - became chief of the government of Croatia in December 2001. Because of internal tensions with alliance, a new alliance was made up in the sight of the parliamentary elections of November 2003; this one included/understood, in addition to the SDP, the Parti the democratic liberals (HNS) (dissenting faction of the HSLS) and the Liberal party (LS). However, with 34 seats out of 151, the SPD did not obtain majority at the Parliament and could not form an alliance of government.
The party today
Following the resignation for health reasons of Ivica Račan, on April 11th, 2007, Željka Antunović, vice-president of the party, took the direction of this last.
Today the president of the party is Zoran Milanović.
The social democrat Party of Croatia has 34 seats out of 152 with the Croatian Parliament.
- official Page of the party
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