Slobodan Milošević ( СлободанМилошевић in Cyrillic alphabet Serb, its First name meaning " libre") August 20th 1941 was born the with Požarevac, Serbia and deceased the March 11th 2006 with Scheveningen, Netherlands.
He was President of the Serbia of May 1989 in October 2000 and of the Federal republic of Yugoslavia of July 1997 in October 2000. During these periods took place the Guerres of Yugoslavia, which reflect fine with the socialist Federal republic of Yugoslavia.
Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević was shown near the International penal court for ex-Yugoslavia (TPIY) of $the Hague for war crimes, crimes against humanity and Génocide.
He died during the fifth year of his lawsuit, officially of a Infarctus of the Myocarde and was buried the March 18th 2006 with Požarevac in Serbia.
Personal lifeSlobodan Milošević is the son of Svetozar Milošević, an orthodoxe priest Montenegrin, and of teaching, born in 1941 has Požarevac in Serbia, It Marie with Mirjana Marković in 1965 whereas they were all two at the university of Belgrade. They have two children, Marko and Marija.
Beginning of political careerIt joined since 1959 the Ligue of the Communists of Yugoslavia. In 1964, it finishes its studies of right to the University of Belgrade, and works initially in industry (gas Technogaz public company), then in finance where it exerts until in 1983 the function of director of the Beogradska banka (Beobanka, Banque of Belgrade).
Whereas Slobodan Milošević seems a man with introverted temperament, poor speaker and without particular charisma, it becomes in 1984 section head of Belgrade to the Communist party. Its political career of foreground starts in 1986, when it replaces Ivan Stambolić with the head of Praesidium of the Central committee of the League of the Communists of Serbia. He is re-elected in 1988. In May 1989, it is elected President of Serbia and advances its ideas preaching a Nationalisme Ethnique. It puts at the step the Kosovo and cancels all measurements Autonomiste S taken previously. The current of the Communism being in deliquescence in all the countries of the Eastern Europe, it transforms into 1989 the Communist party in Socialist party. It also chairs the change of Constitution which gives to the President an increased capacity. In the opposition, certain voices start to protest against the nationalist threat (Cercle of Belgrade), but the December 20th 1992, it is re-elected at the presidency, this time at the Universal direct suffrage.
Wars in Yugoslavia
In June 1991, the Croatia and the Slovenia make secession of the socialist Federal republic of Yugoslavia, followed by the Macedonia and the Bosnia-Herzégovine. The Serbia request so that the important Serb minorities of Croatia and Bosnia are entitled to self-determination and remain with it in the socialist Federal republic of Yugoslavia. This led to the wars of Croatia and Bosnia, which finish in 1995 with the Accords of Dayton.
In 1998, separatist riots take place in the Serb province of the Kosovo, because of historical importance of this one, considered as the cradle of the Serb people but is inhabited with 90 % by Moslem Albanians. After Serb massacres of populations by the Kosovan ones, Milošević withdraws all its autonomy in Kosovo which wanted to become a republic with whole share. In parallel, since 1996, of the internal disputes of the capacity of Milošević occur following charges of fraud electoral in the municipal poll: students express in the street, involving with them an important part of the population with Belgrade. During the winter 1996, the demonstrations are daily. In February 1997, after several weeks of resistance, Milošević ends up recognizing the victory of the opposition.
In July 1997, Milošević is elected with the head of the Federal republic of Yugoslavia (RFY), including/understanding the Serbia and the Montenegro. The Serb actions with the Kosovo end up moving the international opinion, and in 1999, NATO orders, without the agreement of the safety advice of UNO, of strike air against the RFY (from March 24th to June 10th). These strike force Milošević to withdraw its troops of Kosovo as from June 1999.
In front of the International penal court
This same year, he is accused in front of the International penal court for ex-Yugoslavia (TPIY) for war crimes, crimes against humanity and Génocide.
In September 2000, it is beaten with the federal presidential elections by Vojislav Koštunica and its mode is reversed in October 2000. Under the pressure of a American Ultimatum fixing at March 31st the deadline requiring the arrest of Slobodan Milošević under penalty of economic sanctions, Serb justice the nap to go. The special forces of the police force give the attack on March 31st, 2001 but the bodyguards and the partisans of the former Serb president manage to resist. And it is only after one seat 33 hour old, organized by the police force, which it goes to the authorities. He is stopped on April 1st 2001 for abuse of power and corruption and is delivered to UNO by the Serb government in June 2001. Its lawsuit, which began on February 12th, 2002, the fact of appearing before TPIY for Crimes against humanity, grave offenses with the Geneva Conventions and violation of the laws or habits of the war. It was defended by the French lawyer Maître Jacques Vergès, this last regarding the TPI as an institution " illégale".
Doubts about the circumstances of its death
The health condition of Milošević marks the end of the lawsuit Of the requests repeated for Milošević to be neat in Russia are rejected on the court, although the health of the defendant who ensures itself his defense makes difficult the continuation of the lawsuit.
Milošević dies in the detention center of the the United Nations to Scheveningen, the March 11th 2006, before the end of its lawsuit. The first advertisements indicate that its death is natural. He suffered from cardiac problems and hypertension. However a complete autopsy and toxicological analyzes were required in order to establish with certainty the causes of its death. He had stated in February to his lawyers to fear a poisoning.
Its legal adviser, who showed a document of six pages, affirmed that the former President wrote a letter his death day before in which he affirmed that traces of a " drug puissant" intended for the treatment of the Leprosy or the Tuberculose had been detected in its blood in January. It affirmed very anxious being there and to be afraid which one tries to poison.
According to the result of the report/ratio of autopsy published the March 12th in the evening, Slobodan Milošević is deceased of a Infarctus Myocarde. The March 17th, TPIY definitively excludes the thesis from poisoning in a new report/ratio of toxicological analyzes affirming that no poison, drug or foreign substance likely to have caused death were found.
After it was planned to organize its funeral in Russia or with Belgrade, which caused some controversies, Milošević is finally buried the March 18th in its birthplace of Požarevac, without national honor, but in the presence of more than 50.000 partisans and of many political personalities and cultural Western (opponents with NATO) which always supported it.
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