Shuddhodana (Sanskrit: Śuddhodana ), chief Śākya, is the father of the Bouddha. It would have obtained the title of king (Rajah) and reigned with Kapilavastu in the north of current the Uttar Pradesh close to the Nepalese border . Except his genealogy, one knows very few things of him.
As Shakya, he claimed to go down from the mythical sovereign Ikshvaku (Okkaka), wire of the first man Manu. Shuddhodana was the son of Sihahanu and Kaccānā of the clan Koliya; it had four brothers (Dhotodana, Sakkodana, Sukkodana and Amitodana), and two sisters (Amitā and Pamitā). He would have married the sisters Koliya Mayadevi and Prajapati, presented like his principal wives. First it had the Buddha. She would have died one week after the birth of her son, who was raised by the second, whose Suddhodana had another son, Nanda, and a girl, Sundari Nanda.
With the birth of the Gautama young person, the soothsayers would have predicted with his father that he would be either a universal sovereign, or a Bouddha. Choosing the first choice, it tried to prevent his son from turning to a religious life by providing him pleasures and richnesses to profusion and by keeping it locked up in the royal palace.
According to certain sources, it maintained a long time its opposition to the religious career of its descent. After his/her son had become the Buddha, it sent to ten recoveries right-hand men with an important escort to bring back it, but its envoys converted and did not return. Finally, it sent Kāludāyī with the authorization express to enter the orders, provided that it transmits an invitation to him to come to preach in its town of origin. To avoid other losses, it went until kasher what had become his/her father with the son of Gautama, Rahula, so that it does not imitate it. When the Buddha returned for the first time in Kapilavastu after its illumination, Shuddhodana would have death threat Yashodhara, his wife, if it revealed in Rahula that he was his father. Not having been able to prevent finally that Gautama inserts it in the orders at the same time as Nanda, wire of Prajapati, Shuddhodana tore off the promise to him which it would not in the future any more let order the young people without the permission of their parents.
Other sources, nevertheless, show it conscious of the importance of the religious vocation of Gautama. It would have been impressed by seeing Asita, its Master and the religious adviser of his father, to pay homage to his son, and also by finding this last, still young, in meditation under a Jambul the day of the ceremony of the royal ploughing. After Gautama had become ascetic, somebody reported to Shuddhodana that he had died of his deprivations, but he did not want to believe it. When the Buddha returned finally in Kapilavastu, for exalter the fidelity of his/her father, it reported the Mahādhammapāla Jātaka in which it explains why in former lives where they were already father and wire, Shuddhodana had also refused to believe it dead. It would have finally climbed the levels of the Four noble beings until the stage of arahant reached on its bed of died in Vaisali, the Buddha having come to preach at its sides.
See tooFamily of the Buddha
External bondsInformation on shuddhodana with references in the faded gun
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