The shimmy , dance which finds its bases with the the United States in the black dance of the end of the 19th century, evokes the concept of shimmer, vibration. It was modified a little by white immigrants who saw there a relationship with traditions gipsies and popularized themselves during the Années 1920, at the same time like dances of scene in the spectacles of musical review and the practices of young people in room of dance (dance solo at that time). It comprises in particular for characteristic a reciprocating motion before/back of the shoulders, the slightly folded elbows, the most motionless possible trunk. The actress of cinema Frances White, born in 1896, also occurred in the musical reviews between 1916 and 1922, and she danced the shimmy in October 1919 with the theater of Florenz Ziegfeld in Broadway. Other famous dancers: Gilda Gray (" queen of the shimmy") and Mae West, with the sulfurous reputation (they wore a loose and machine-made shirt to very the body, and their movement of syncopated dance showed the possibility for their charms). One of the type-setters of music shimmy was Theron Catlen Bennett. Among the famous orchestras of the years 1920 executant of the music to accompany the dance: Jan Garber ( The Hot Years ), Clarence Williams. Influence in Europe: Paul Hindemith, Continuation 1922 , op.26, II Shimmies.
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