Shepherd of Beauce
Beauceron , shepherd of Beauce , French shepherd and Low-Red are the denominations of a race of Sheepdog of French origin . THERE exist also the beauceron harlequins of color black/white fire/
MorphologyThe beauceron is a dog of big size, solid, rustic, powerful, quite constructed and muscular, without heaviness. The weight of the dog borders 35 kg for the female and 45 kg for the male. The height with the garrot is between 65 and 70 cm for the males and between 61 and 68 for the females, therefore it can be as large as its male accomplice.
The head is well engraved, with harmonious lines; seen profile, the lines of cranium and chamfer are appreciably parallel.
The hair is close-cropped on the head, extremely, short, large, firm and lying on the body (3-4 cm length). The dress is either black and fire (like the Rottweiler or the Doberman pinscher), or harlequin (blue variegated marked of deer)
Its ears were traditionally cut but European Convention for the protection of the pets, which prohibited this practice, is of application in France since May 18th, 2004; the photograph of the article shows a dog with the cut ears. Natural, the ears must be falling or semi-drawn up, never completely drawn up and firm (eliminatory defect), not stuck.
This race is one of only to have a double pin with each one of its posterior legs, characteristic that the beauceron division with his/her cousin, the Berger of Brie (or briard).
HistoryThe origins of the shepherd of Beauce are similar to those of the majority of the continental European shepherds, namely the canis palustris (or “dog of the Peat bogs”). The contributions and evolutions during the centuries make that the original joint base from which the shepherd from Beauce is resulting seems relatively disparate, taking into account the general-purpose morphology which requires the function shepherdess and of specificities of the race.
In the beginning intended to protect the herd from sheep, the sheepdog received a role of dog of control to the Middle Ages by the application of the principle of common grazing land. The ancestor of the shepherd of Beauce, by his imposing stature, took certainly up the double duty of protection and control of the herd in the French plains, whereas dogs of intermediate size dealt with control in mountain. The abbot François Rozier mentions, in his course of Agriculture, a mâtin “bold” and “able to attack and embank a wolf”, which could be entered the genetic inheritance of Beauceron without in being undoubtedly the single ascending one.
Today Briard and Beauceron do not have any more herds to keep in the greens pastures of the north of France, which became corn and corn fields. Also they are not seen more but in the contests.
During the first French canine exposure in 1863,16 sheepdogs are presented, of which 13 present a lupoïde type and a black dress and fire. It is certainly about the first official appearance of what was going to become the shepherd of Beauce.
In 1893, the veterinary surgeon Pierre Mégnin, at the origin of name “shepherd of Beauce”, publishes the characteristics of the dog. He differentiates it from his cousin with long hair, the Berger of Brie. The same year, the first subject, Shepherdess of the Vault, is registered with the Livre of the French Origins.
It is into 1896 that the bases of the selection are defined, by a commission especially created to examine the characteristics of the two sheepdogs French mainly met: one with hair runs (the shepherd of Beauce), the other with long hair (the shepherd of Brie). This commission, made up of experts and farmer-stockbreeders (but without shepherds!), defines the criteria of the race and officializes the denomination “shepherd of Beauce”, by stipulating well that it is by no means about the area of origin but of a convention of language.
From this commission is born, the same year, the French Club of the sheepdog and the following year, the first standard is published. This first standard remains relatively vague: he admits a size from 60 to 70 centimetres, without reference to sex, and various colors of dress are authorized. In 1911, under the impulse of the stockbreeder Siraudin, the Club of the Friends of Beauceron, official club of the race, is created. The standard is then re-examined to homogenize the size and to remove the dresses become rare.
The progressive quasi-disappearance of pastoral work in the French plains (first half of the 20th century) obliges the shepherd of Beauce to be reconverted. Like some of his cousins, it makes a success of this bet brilliantly. In the disciplines of defense first of all, but especially in a double role which it fills with wonder: watchdog and dog of family. Some shepherds still use it for the control of herds and part of the owners of will beaucerons practice one or the other canine sport with their dog. The beauceron belongs to some allowed races in the disciplines including/understanding a test of corrosive.
Since the Seventies, the number of births per annum in France is relatively stable (between 3000 and 4000), the race not having never undergone the consequences of an effect of momentary mode. It appears in signal 15 of the births in France, but risk however to suffer from the prohibition of the cut of the ears, which changes its aspect radically. For this same period, Beauceron has been exported but there remains relatively discrete apart from the hexagon.
CharacterThis dog is very impressive but is also very affectionate and seeks the company of the men. It is enduring, bold, sharp and impetuous. It should be taken care that it is spent regularly. A firm raising is necessary because he does not know his force and has much temperament. He is in general friendly with the children of the family, but is known not to have " that only one maître" , i.e. there will be in the family a person who will have her preference. General-purpose and sporting, it adapts to many activities: Agility, obedience, research out of debris, guarding, Tracking, Questage (or Search), Excavation.
Its education, if it requires a " of course; iron hand in a glove of velours" , is easier. Respectful from its temperament bourru but brave man, we will obtain, by a patient raising, progressive and constant, a companion obliging but servile, not dominated without being subjected, merry and available. To trust as can the being a " Gentleman campagnard" (quotation of Colette), Beauceron will accept only a time the injustice and the ill treatments. Idleness and loneliness are its worst enemies…
A niche safe from moisture and drafts, physical exercise, an adapted food, a correct education, that are enough in Beauceron to give us the best of than it has.
Appearances with the cinemaThe beauceron was used in scenes of the following feature films:
My father, this hero (Gerard Lauzier, 1991, with Gerard Depardieu and Marie Gillain). The parents of the boyfriend of heroin have a beauceron. Its role in film is limited to a function of guard and protection of the property when the father of heroin takes his daughter in spinning mill.
In each case, it is the impressive and imposing aspect dog which is emphasized.
List of the races of dogs
External bondshttp://www.chien.com/Races/fiche_races_chiens.php?id_race=48 Description and photographs
- the standard of the race on the site of the SCC
- Beauceron with work
- Search for stray people
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