The position of seneshal existed in the majority of the courses royal or princely medieval of Western Europe. According to the areas or the countries, the role of the seneshal was different. The word seneshal is of origin Francique and is resulting from the Germanic commun run * sini-skalk , which means “old servant, senior of the servants”.
The title corresponding in the courses of Eastern Europe east that of Stolnic, drawn from the word stol ( table ).
Office of seneshal of France was between the first of the Grands offices of the crown of France. Its load was removed by Philippe Auguste in 1191.
The Baillif S (northern of France) or seneshals (southern of France) are local officers of the royal administration. They are named, guaranteed and can be revoked by the King who confers administrative attributions to them, legal and financial. These two functions were created under the reign of Saint Louis (1226-1270).
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