The peninsula Scandinave is located in the north of the Europe. The word " scandinave" comes from the word " Scandes" who indicates the assembly line (the Scandinavian Alps) which course the peninsula of north in the south mainly along the suédo-Norwegian border. The term of peninsula Scandinave thus indicates with the strictly geographical direction: Norway and Sweden. These two countries forming a Peninsula i.e. a ground projection in the sea.
It is surrounded:
- with the Is by the the Baltic, where it faces the Finland;
- with the Southern by the straits of the Skagerrak, the Kattegat and the Øresund, which separate it from the Denmark
- with the western by the the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean
- with the Northern by the icy ocean Arctique.
It is connected to the continent by its north-eastern end which belongs to the Lapland.
More the high summit of the peninsula is the Galdhøpiggen of an altitude of 2469 m, located in the south of Norway. These Scandinavian tops although of modest altitude important glaciers shelter.
These mountains, eroded by the glaciations, fall into the Mer from Norway by forming fjords and many islands.
The extreme south of the peninsula, the Scanie, is an agricultural plain.
Zh-min-nan: Skandinavia Poàn-tó