Scale of Allport
The scale of Allport is a measurement of the Préjugé in a company. It is also known under the name of scale of prejudice and discrimination of Allport or scale of prejudice of Allport . It was conceived by the psychologist Gordon Allport in The Nature off Damage (1954).
The scaleThe scale of Allport is graduated from 1 to 5.
Degree 1: antilocutionAntilocution means that majority group freely made jokes on a minority group. The word is used to convey stereotypes and images negative. This is commonly seen like inoffensive by the majority. The antilocution itself can not be offensive, but it prepares the ground for more serious exits for the prejudices.
Degree 2: avoidancePeople in a minority group are actively avoided by the members of the majority group. No direct evil is desired, but an indirect evil is made through the insulation.
Degree 3: discriminationThe minority group undergoes discrimination while being seen refusing opportunities and services, thus putting the prejudice in action. Behaviors have the specific goal to cause wrong to the minority group by preventing it from achieving its goal, to obtain education or employment, etc the majority group actively tries to cause wrong to the minority.
Degree 4: attacks physicalThe majority group vandalise of the goods of the minority group, they burns their property and carries out violent attacks on individuals or groups. Physical evil is made to the members of the minority group. Among the examples appear of the lynchings of Blacks, of the Pogrom S against Jews, tarring and plumage of Mormons at the 19th century and loyal supporters English at the 18th century.
Degree 5: exterminationThe majority group seeks to exterminate the minority group. He seeks to liquidate the whole group people (for example, the Indian Guerres to remove the Amerindian, the Final solution against the Jews, the ethnic Nettoyage in Bosnia-Herzégovine, etc).
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