See also: Savoy (homonymy)
The Savoy is a territory now French. Called Sapaudia , with the Middle Ages, composed by six historical provinces, Savoy became a county at the 11th century, then a duchy in 1416. Cradle of the House of Savoy, it belongs to the princely territories of Savoy, called States of Savoy. Today, Savoy corresponds to both Savoyard departments, the Savoy and the Haute-Savoie.
Its inhabitants is commonly called Savoyardes and Savoyards , one finds sometimes gentilés following the Savoisiennes and Savoisiens , even Savoyennes and Savoyens .
ExpressionsIn order not to confuse the area and the homonymous department, the various actors and the media use sometimes the expression Pays of Savoy , even “Savoy”.
GeographySavoy is delimited by
- the the Rhone and the Léman in North;
- the peak of the the Alps, of Is in the South: Massive of Massive Chablais, of Mont Blanc, Collar of the Small-Saint-Bernard, Collar of Iseran, Collar of the Mount-Cenis, Massive of Arvan-Villards, Belledonne;
- the commune the Steps, with the South, border with the Dauphine ;
- the Massive of Chartreuse, in South-west;
- the river Guiers, in the West.
Savoy forms a “ solid block thus, a kind of thick tree trunk lengthened of North in the South on 145km and inflated of Is in West on a hundred, that is to say a a little higher surface 10.000 km ² ”. This territory compacts offer of the varied landscapes, marked by the alpine print, of the Préalpes, the lowlands, at the snow-covered tops of the the Alps, connected by intra-alpine large valleys. These last are at the origin of traditional provincial cutting (See the table below for provincial internal cutting).
See also: Geography of the Countries of Savoy
HistoryThe history of Savoy corresponds to the place which the provinces of the Maurienne hold, cradle of the Maison of Savoy at the 11th century, as well as the Savoy Propre, the Tarentaise, the Chablais, the Faucigny and the Genevois in Europe. True European strategic crossroads, with the key, the control of the alpine collars, the Masters of Sapaudia obtain the title of Duc in 1416, transforming their possessions into Duché of Savoy. By their policy, Savoy increase their territory, until forming the States of Savoy, and their capacity within the princely houses of Europe until the acquisition of the title of king de Sicile of 1713 with 1720, then that of king de Sardaigne in 1720.
See also: History of Savoy
AdministrationSavoy forms a territorial subset within the area the Rhone-Alps. The two departments of the Savoy and the Haute-Savoie never formed a territorial collectivity with whole share. After the failure of the constitution of an area in 1972, the refusal to belong to a area the Alps with Grenoble, the two departments were integrated into the area the Rhone-Alps.
The Countries of Savoy are organized like Ci:
Within the framework of the Law of July 5th, 1972, known as Law Pompidou , the two Savoyard departments set up, in 1983, a structure supra-secondary road indicated under the expression regional Entente of Savoy . This one evolved/moved in 2001 pennies name Assemblée of the Countries of Savoy .
DemographyAccording to the data of INSEE, Savoy approximately 1 million inhabitants in 2007 includes/understands.
EconomyConsult the articles:
See also: Economy of Savoy
See also: Economy of Haute-Savoie
The two Savoyard departments have a relatively dynamic economy, compared to the majority of the French departments. After a traditional vision, at the beginning of the 20th century, department of the " Savoy = public, energy large companies and métallurgique" and that of the " Haute-Savoie = concentration of SME turned towards Genève" , the Savoyard economic face changed by taking the turn of the tertiary sector, in particular in transport and tourism. The economy of Haute-Savoie however keeps a specificity with the development of the transborder phenomenon with the Genevese area.
Side figures, according to INSEE, the GDP cumulated for the two departments, in 2000, is equivalent to 24.438 M€ (either 2% of the metropolitan GDP)
Savoy has 4 poles of competitiveness, out of the 67 labellized poles on July 12th, 2005:
- Arve Industries Haute-Savoie Mont Blanc (cf Valley of Arve)
TourismTourism, as well winter as estival, most of the economic activity in Savoy occupies.
See also: Tourism in Country of Savoy
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