Sauron is a character of the world created by J.R.R. Tolkien. It is him the “Seigneur of the Rings” which gives its title to the most famous novel of Tolkien.
Etymology and other names
Tolkien describes the significance of the name Sauron in its correspondence. It is resulting from an older form *θaurond- , which derives from the “hateful” adjective θaurā (√THAW bases). In the same letter, Tolkien denies any bond between the name of Sauron and the Greek σαύρα ( will know ), “lizard”.
One knows other names of Sauron. It is called “Gorthaur the Cruel one” in the Valaquenta, and gives itself several names Quenya rins to the Second Age, when it tries to allure the blacksmiths of Eregion: Annatar (“Lord of the gifts”), Artano (“Large blacksmith”) and Aulendil (“Devoted to Aulë”).
With the First Age
Sauron is a Maia of Aulë, the Vala blacksmith. Corrupted by Morgoth, it becomes its first and its more powerful lieutenant, combatant with him against the Valar and the Eldar. It is then the guard of the fortress of Angband. After the first fall of its Master, who is captured and sent in prison to Valinor, he manages to escape the army from Valar and remains in Ground of the Medium, preparing Angband with the return of his Master and, according to a late text, creating the first Orques starting from captured Elfes.
Sauron, with the First Age, still has all its capacities of Maia: it can change form at will, has great capacity on the spirits of the others. It is known as very beautiful and very tempting, which enables him to more easily mislead the Men and the Elves.
It joined its Master when this one returns with the Silmaril S. It breaks the head office of Angband and extends its domination, taking a named fortress Minas Tirith de Beleriand (not to be confused with Minas Tirith, the capital of Gondor at the Third Age), then all the area of the Dorthonion. It re-elects Minas Tirith de Beleriand Taur-in-Gauroth , the Island of the Wolves-Garous, and in fact a place of terror. At this point in time he pursues Barahir and his companions and manages to kill them by the treason of Gorlim the Unhappy one. A few years later, it captures Finrod Felagund, one of noblest of the princes of the Elfes, and overcomes it in a duel of songs of being able. A little later Lúthien and Huan comes to the rescue from Beren, companion surviving of Finrod, and Sauron is driven out of its fortress of Taur-in-Gauroth. In the shape of a bat, he flees and joined his Master. He was captured at the time of the Guerre of the Great Anger by the immense army of Valar.
With the Second Age
At the time of the forfeiture of its Master, it made act of contrition in front of Eonwë, Maia which directed the army of Valar. The repentance of Sauron seems to have been really sincere and it was ready to make penitence of its last acts. Eönwë, obeying the orders of Manwë (which wanted to judge Sauron for its crimes), ordered to him to go to Valinor to receive the sentence of Valar there (undoubtedly a sorrow of imprisonment of a few centuries, which is relatively little of things for Maia). But, fearing the anger of the Valar, Sauron prefers to flee and falls down little of time afterwards under the influence of the invisible evil of Melkor.
It settles with the Mordor, encircled country of mountains which it transforms into ground of fear and darkness, and starts the construction of Barad-hard, its dark fortress. Taking a beautiful appearance, it allures the Elves of Eregion under the name of Annatar (in Quenya, “the lord of the gifts”). Under its direction, they forge the Rings of Being able, by which he hopes to dominate the Elves, the Men and the Dwarves, however the three rings of the elves will be forged by Celebrimbor, descendant direct of Fëanor (which created Silmarils), also these three rings (Narya, Nenya and Vilya, respectively associated with fire, water and the air) remained pure, and Sauron never touched them, which pushed it to wish them more than all the other rings, without counting that they were also most powerful of all, except the Single Anneau , that Sauron forged to make sure the domination of the other Rings of Being able. About the same period (C. 1600 S.A., “the terrible year”) is completed the construction of Barad-hard. Celebrimbor discovered the treason of Sauron when this one put the Single Ring at its finger, because its capacity showed through through the other rings and the wise elves carrying the three rings elfic took fear and hid them as much as Sauron had the Single Anneau. This one, wishing to recover them, starts a war, which ends in the destruction of Eregion, and with the recovery of the majority of the most powerful Rings by Sauron, which gave again of them nine with the Men and seven with the Dwarves; but it could not discover the hiding-place of the Three. Shortly after the fall of Eregion, Sauron was put in rout by the troops of Gil-Galad, the High-King of Noldor, amply helped by a armada come from Númenor.
Sauron appears then, gathering with him the Orques and the other creatures of Melkor. After having taken the title of King of the Men , Sauron undergoes the anger of Númenoréens: Ar-Pharazôn, King of Númenor, is offended by the claims of Sauron, and unloads out of Ground of the Medium to the head of an immense army to subject it. Fled by his, Sauron is only presented and disarmed in front of the King and must make him allegiance (makes some, it humiliates itself by trick). Brought to Númenor, Sauron penetrates in the good graces of the king, and exploits his pride and its desire of immortality, to persuade it to launch an attack against Valinor, the ground of the Puissances.
Sauron thus thinks of getting rid of the power without equal out of Ground of the Medium of Númenor, because it knows well that an attack against Valinor is pure madness; moreover, he hopes that such an act of ingratitude against them will divert the Valar to become Earth of the Medium, and that he will be able of the kind to sit quietly there his domination without interference extérieure.
When the Ar-Pharazôn armada unloads on the beaches of Valinor, Ilúvatar, father of the gods, intervenes then at the request of Manwë and causes a cataclysm which absorbs the island of Númenor at the ocean floor and detaches Valinor of the Earth forever. The material body of Sauron is destroyed in the immersion, and its spirit turns over after a certain amount of time in Mordor, from now on unable to take a beautiful appearance able to allure the Men and the Elves. It becomes very black, its eyes of flame revealing the fire which nourishes its tormented and bad heart; it then takes as appearance a body form similar to that of its former Morgoth Master: a knight black, terrible and terrifying, higher and more extremely than human normal, having for weapon a mass of steel, black also.
When he learns that during his absence, Elendil Large the, the being which he hates more in the world, unloaded out of Ground of the Medium and founded two kingdoms in exile, the Arnor and the Gondor, Sauron is insane of rage. Numenor thus was not completely destroyed, contrary to its wishes!
After having joined together its forces, it attacks the kingdom of the Gondor, founded by Exilés númenóréens, but it is finally demolishes with the battle of Dagorlad by the armies of the Dernière Alliance of the Elves and the Men . Follows the Barad-hard seat of , which lasts seven years and which finishes at the time of an exit in mass of the dark forces, carried out by Sauron itself.
Together, Gil-galad and Elendil manage to cut down it in singular combat but die in the action, and it is Isildur, the son of Elendil, which destroys it while cutting its finger which carries the Single one.
With the Third Age
Sauron had conferred on the Single Ring most of its capacities of Maia and lost them when this one was confiscated to him by Isildur. It was very weakened by the loss of the Ring, and it could not take physical appearance any more, hiding at the beginning in the form of a malefic shade in the East of the Earth of the Medium. Sauron appears again in the form of a large Eye nimbus of flames about the year thousand, taking the name of the Nécromancien of Dol Guldur , in the south of the Black Forest. It gets busy to badger the free kingdoms with the Men and sends in north the chief of the Nazgûl - in the past Men, controlled by their Rings of Being able, from now on spirits completely subjected to Sauron. After having caused the fall of the last kingdoms of the Dúnedain of North, it sends its Nazgûl to take Minas Ithil then, which enables him to enter in possession of a Palantír, that one even which will be then used to trap Denethor, superintendent of the Gondor, and to communicate with Saroumane. The White Conseil then tackles Dol Guldur on the opinion of Gandalf, which uncovered Nécromancien. This last leaves its refuge in a retirement prepared for a long time and is strengthened in Mordor, where it rebuilds its fortress Barad-Hard (in 2953). Sauron appears then openly in the world…
All the actions of Sauron during the Third Tender yearses towards only one goal: to recover the Single Ring, which would enable him to recover the integrality of its capacities. It would be then invincible and would sweep last resistances which its enemies of always oppose to him, the Elfes and the Dunedain, Men of the blood of Numenor.
Shortly after that the Single one was found by Bilbon Sacquet, then revealed for what it is by Gandalf, Sauron learns it by the means of Gollum, its former holder. It then launches its Nazgûl to the research of the carrier of the Ring, while this one starts its long tour with the Community of the Ring to destroy the so much coveted object malefic.
Sauron, after having joined together all its forces, precipitates the war with the Free People of the Earth of the Medium, by attacking with its troops the Gondor and while ordering with Saroumane simultaneously to invade the Rohan. These plans are well close succeeding, but are finally countered and put in failure by Gandalf, which appears like the Enemy of Sauron sent by the Valar, and by Aragorn, which is proclaimed openly like the Heir to Isildur and the Chief of the Dúnedain, claiming with the throne of Arnor and Gondor.
Vis-a-vis as powerful enemies and as he believed disappeared or dead for a long time, Sauron panics and wants to crush them most quickly. It sends an immense army to besiege Minas Tirith but is pushed back at the time of the Bataille of the Fields of Pelennor. However, Sauron still has quite higher forces stationed in Mordor, and its final victory seems to be only one matter of time, all the more fast if he manages to enter in possession of the Single Ring.
Aragorn then decides to assemble a diversion to make it possible Frodon Sacquet to penetrate in Mordor without being taken and to destroy the Ring, by hoping that this act puts also fine at the existence of Sauron. This last, which sees the thin army that the People of the West joined together against him (approximately seven thousand men), concludes from it that Aragorn has the Ring and believes itself invincible in the point to come to defy it at the entry of its kingdom. The Dark Lord then gathers all his forces with an aim of destroying his enemies plurimillénaires. The confrontation takes place in the north of Mordor, with the Black Portes. The forces are obviously disproportionate; Aragorn and Gandalf are sacrificed by hoping that the Carrier of the Ring will conclude its mission.
Frodon Sacquet manages to cross (not without sorrow) almost deserted Mordor and achieves its search: it destroys the Single one in the furnace of the Mountain of the Destiny, at the moment when the army of the Captains of the West were about to be submerged the destruction of the Ring has immediate consequences on Sauron, which was related to him intrinsically.
Nazgûl are destroyed, the dispersed armies of Mordor and Sauron “survives”, but loses all its capacities of Maia and can only traverse the World that in the form of a spirit invisible and unable to do anything, if not to ruminate while waiting for the end of the world, where its Melkor Master will return.
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