The nut of arec , improperly called nut of bétel , is the fruit of the Palmier to bétel Areca catechu . It is consumed in many countries of Asia in the form of a preparation to chew called bétel .
PharmacologyThe active ingredients contained in this fruit belong to the family of the Alcaloïde S.
Most important are the arécaïne and the arécoline which are comparable with the Nicotine for their effects Stimulant S, cut-hunger and slightly graying on the cerveau.
One finds also arécaïdine, arécolidine, guracine, guvacoline and other alkaloids not yet studied.
UseThe nut powder of arec uses the composition of the Cachou s.
The nut powder of arec uses the composition of traditional toothpastes because one allots quality to prevent to him the appearance of the caries.
It can also be used of vermifuge in the form of compressed or infusion.
Preparation of the name of bételIf to chew bétel for its properties Stimulant are formed integral part of many Asian cultures, the techniques of preparation present regional differences.
The nut of arec either is émincée or grated, often scented by spices then mixed with lime (oxide of calcium) and sometimes of the Tabac. The whole is usually wrapped in a sheet of Piper betle and takes the name of bétel .
Lime acts like Catalyseur, and the arec contains the Alcaloïde arécoline which supports salivation, the Salive becoming tinted of red. The bétel has also a strong coloring action on the dents.
Typically, after a score of minutes of chewing, which remains chews is recraché.
Effects on healthThe improper use can bring a dependence.
Recent studies reveal a strong relation between the consumption of bétel aromatized or not to the tobacco and the appearance of Cancer S of the mouth.
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