San Francisco is the fourth plus big city of California, on the Western coast of the the United States, after Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Jose. The city, which counted 739.426 inhabitants in 2005, is located at the northern end of the Péninsule of San Francisco, between the Pacific Ocean and the Baie of San Francisco. The administrative limits of the commune and the county of San Francisco are identical. San Francisco is the American city densest in population after New York.
See also: Earthquake of 1906 in San Francisco
The oldest traces of human occupation on the territory of the current city go back to approximately 3.000 years before J. - C. the first known inhabitants of the area of bay of San Francisco are the Amerindian Ohlone (Indian term meaning “the people of the west”). The English navigator Francis Drake goes along the Californian coast in 1579, but it does not enter bay of San Francisco. The Spanish are the first Europeans to explore and colonize the area, by making an establishment reinforcing their domination on the Pacific Ocean, the “Spanish lake”, with their Filipino and American possessions in particular. San Francisco thus represented the septentrional end of a more or less continuous chain of military establishments and nuns intended to physically ensure Spanish sovereignty on this vast territory. The forwarding of gift Gaspar de Portolà arrived the November 2nd 1769, in the Baie of San Francisco. The September 17th 1776, the Spaniards found a presidio (extremely) and the October 9th the lately built mission is dedicated to San Francisco de Asis (holy François d' Assise). As the remainder of California, San Francisco passes under Mexican sovereignty in 1821. It is however only in 1836 that the first dwellings of a village on the edge of bay are installed, in a place called Yerba Buena (“the good grass”), by reference to the Menthe which pushes on the surrounding hills. The city takes its rise only with the Gold rush of 1848 - 1849, accommodating the emigrants with the research of the invaluable ore. It is the terminus of the first transcontinental railroad. The adventurers of the whole world are attracted by the door of gold ( Golden Spoils ). A few years later, the discovery of layers of Argent in the Sierra Nevada accelerates the development of the agglomeration.
In 1847, Levi Strauss settles in San Francisco and creates the first Jeans which gain a great success near the prospectors and of the gold diggers. During the war, the factories Levi's provide the American army in pants.
It is also in second half of the 19th century that the Chinese Diaspora started to settle in San Francisco; they then called California of “gilded mountain”. The emigrants fled the consequences of the wars of opium and thrived in the restoration, the trade, fishing and the laundry: San Francisco was then a town of men (minor, adventurous) which needed laundries. The Chinese constituted secret societies to settle their disagreements. The Chinese district did not have good reputation. In certain bars, one had arranged a narrow door to delay the advance of the police officers. At the beginning of the 20th century, Jews resulting from the German middle-class settle in San Francisco.
In 1906, it undergoes a earthquake and most of the city is destroyed by gigantic a Incendie started following the seism. It took three days to circumscribe the disaster. The city was then quickly rebuilt, in particular thanks to the surge of a foreign labor from Europe and from Asia. In 1915, the International exhibition of San Francisco attracts 19 million visitors.
After the Second world war, a first conference of peace meets in San Francisco. It leads on June 26th, 1945 to the signature of the Charte of UNO by fifty countries. In 1951, the second “Conference of peace” there was held, and led to the Traité of San Francisco. This treaty comes into force the April 28th 1952 and puts an end to the period occupation (1945 - 1952 with the Japan).
The industrial revolution of second half of the 20th century transforms the economy of the area: the development of Silicon Valley, to the south of the city, gives a dynamic and modern image of this area of California.
San Francisco was also the town of Joshua Norton, emperor autoproclamé of the United States. It was the cradle of the movement Beatnik. The city constitutes the last border , the American city more in the west. Its tradition of tolerance often placed it at the avant-garde of the emancipation of the minorities and the civic rights. The program of the Black Panthers “ Free Breakfast for Children Program ” left San Francisco. The city was also in the years a 1960-1970 important hearth of the Contre-culture Hippie, Psychédélisme and Flower Power. In March 2003, of many San-Franciscains ravelled against the Guerre in Iraq.
GeographyThe vast majority of the city and the county of San Francisco is located on the northern end of the Péninsule of San Francisco. Also form part of the city several islands of the bay, in particular that of Alcatraz, Treasure Island the, and largest of Red Rock Island, close to the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge. The Islands Farallon, located in the Pacific Ocean at 43 km of the coast, depend on the city.
According to the Office of the Census, the city and the county extend on 600,7 km ², including 120,9 km ² of ground and 479,7 km ² from watery surface. Water thus occupies 79,86% of entire surface. The city is often famous to roughly measure 7 miles (11,26 km) out of 7, but it is in fact slightly smaller.
San Francisco is famous for its hills. A “hill” san-franciscaine is defined by an altitude of more than 30 meters. One counts 43 hills within the urban limits of them. Some of them form a district, like Nob Hill, Pacific Heights, Russian Hill or Telegraph Hill, and others are public gardens or parks like Twin Peaks, Mount Sutro, Mount Davidson and Buena Vista Park. A series of hills less densément populated cover the geographical center of the city. Mount Sutro dominates this zone with Sutro Tower, a tower of well-known imposing transmission red and white of San-Franciscains. In the vicinity are Twin Peaks, a couple of quite as popular hills, forming one of the highest points of the city. With approximately a kilometer and half in the south from there draws up the culminating point of San Francisco, Mount Davidson, with 282 meters. A 31,4 height meters cross was built there in 1934.
San Francisco is close to the faults of San Andreas and Hayward, which explains the frequency of the seisms in the area. The two principal earthquakes having touched the city are those of 1906 and 1989 (7,1 on the open scales of Richter). The paraseismic standards limited the damage and the number of the victims of this last.
Whole districts of the city rest on embankments (compounds of mud, sands and of the remains of preceding earthquakes) and other grounds created artificially along bay when space had suddenly missed. This type of ground becomes extremely unstable at the time of a seism, and the Liquéfaction which results cause from it from the considerable damage to the structures which are built there, as one could note it in the district of the Marina at the time of the Earthquake of Loma Prieta in 1989. Treasure Island is certainly the most spectacular example of district built on such embankments. Built starting from materials directly dug in bay and resulting from the drilling of the tunnel of Yerba Buena Island during construction of the Bay Bridge, this island was the site of the World Fair of 1939. It was to also accommodate the municipal airport of San Francisco, but became a naval base at the beginning of the First World War. In 1997, Treasure Island was returned to San Francisco, from which it offers a single sight on the city.
ClimateThe climate of San Francisco belongs to the family of the Mediterranean climates, with clean and well marked characters: the specialists arrange it in the Californian type. The average of annual precipitations rises to 507,2 mm, of which 85% fall from November at March. This total of the rains and the period of estival dryness make that he is regarded as a Mediterranean climate. The thermal amplitude is moderate and the rather tepid annual average of the temperatures. The average maximum temperatures oscillate the summer between 15 with 24°C, and the winter between 10 and 15°C during the day, but can fall to 5°C the night. The climate of San Francisco is comparable with that which one finds on the Atlantic coast of the Morocco or in the center of the Chile. The recent district of Bay Mission, at the Eastern end of SUMMONED, is in the course of refitting, and counts the stage of Baseball AT&T Park and an appendix of the medical school of the the University of California to San Francisco.
The districts of Bayview and Excelsior, in the south-east of the city, count a poor population and mainly Afro-American. The recent efforts of the municipality to reduce to it the rate of Criminalité had hardly success.
Parks and public gardensMost known and largest of the green areas of the city is the Golden Spoils Park, which measures more than 70 Hectare S moreover than the Central Park of New York, but remains less wide than Griffith Park with Los Angeles. In the south of the Golden is another famous park, the unused military base of the Presidio Spoils. This last fact part of the Golden Spoils National Re-creation Area , which includes Alcatraz and of many other parks. Buena Vista Park, located in the district of Haight-Ashbury, is oldest Public garden of the city, created in 1867. Not far from there, Alamo Square is famous for its sights on the city and its line of called residences victoriennes the Painted Ladies . An important Lake Merced, fresh water Lake, extends in south-west from the city close to the Université to State to San Francisco and Fort Funston.
San Francisco includes/understands also many public beaches, in particular Baker Beach and Ocean Beach, but those are considered dangerous for the swimmers because of their cool water and their currents which appear regularly fatal with the imprudent surfers or bathers.
With the census of 2000, San Francisco counted 776.733 inhabitants, 329.700 hearths and 145.068 families. The commune, whose limits correspond to those of the county of San Francisco, is the fourth of California of many inhabitants, behind Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose. However, agglomeration of San Jose - San Francisco- Oakland, which gathers several municipalities around bay, gathers nearly 7 million inhabitants. This urban surface is classified with the 37e world rank and the 5th rank for the United States.
With close to: 6423 inhabitants per square kilometer, San Francisco is the second American big city in term of Population density after New York. The county of San Francisco occupies the fifth place as a American county.
According to the census of 2000, the ethnic composition of the city reflected its multiethnic character: 43,6% declare white, 30,7% of Asian origin, 7,6% Afro-Americans, 3% Amerindian mongrels and 0,8% , alaskiens or hawaiiens. Moreover, 14,1% of the population are defined as Hispanic.
It is noticed that the Asian proportion of origin is highest of North America; this minority is more numerous than that of the Afro-Americans, which does not cease moving back: 19,6% of San-Franciscains are of Chinese origin, and the Chinatown is populated the most of the United States after that of New York. The other Asian districts are Sunset, Richmond and Visitation Valley. Let us specify that 8,8% assert an Irish origin, 7,7% a German origin, and 6,1% of the Anglo-Saxon roots.
San Francisco is famous to accommodate the most significant part homosexual parents of the country, like that of the gay single people. The homosexual men are more numerous than the population lesbian, which concentrates more in the suburbs of the east of the bay. According to a recent study of William McFarland for the departments of health public of the city, a man on five in San Francisco is gay, and a little more than one homosexual san-franciscain out of 4 is infected by HIV.
Among: 329700 hearths listed into 2000,16,6% counted children of less than 18 years, 31,6% were married couples living together, 8,9% had a female household head without husband, and 56% were nonfamily hearths. 38,4% of the hearths were an individual living alone. The number of people per hearth was of 2,3 on average, and the average family counted 3,22 members. San Francisco is the American big city cash the smallest proportion children among his population. That can be explained by the elevated level of the rents and the fact why many families prefer to live the suburban suburbs which extend apart from the limits from the commune.
Population of the 10 towns of the most populated California (2004)
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from: start till: 476.5 text: Long Beach _ (476 564)
from: start till: 457.7 text: Fresno _ (457 719)
from: start till: 454.3 text: Sacramento _ (454 330)
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from: start till: 333.7 text: Anaheim _ (333 776)
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from: start till: 3845.8 text: Los Angeles _ (3 845.541) from: start till: 1263.2 text: San Diego _ (1 263.756) from: start till: 904.5 text: San Jose _ (904 522) from: start till: 744.2 text: San Francisco _ (744 230) from: start till: 476.5 text: Long Beach _ (476 564) from: start till: 457.7 text: Fresno _ (457 719) from: start till: 454.3 text: Sacramento _ (454 330) from: start till: 397.9 text: Oakland _ (397 976) from: start till: 342.7 text: Santa Anna _ (342 715) from: start till: 333.7 text: Anaheim _ (333 776) TextData= fontsize: S pos: (450,20) text: Many inhabitants (in thousands)
San Francisco has a government consolidated city-county since 1856. The city forms part of the thus 58 counties of California while being a municipality. This statute makes that the city is managed by a particular structure: the mayor is also the chief of the executive of the county and the council of the county ( Board off Supervisors ) officiates as a municipal council.
Since 1900, the mayor of San Francisco and the city council men are elected by the whole of the citizens of the commune; before this date, the mayor was appointed by the council of the city.
EconomyIn the past, San Francisco drew its prosperity from the exploitation of the Or, the Argent and the Pétrole. During the Second world war, with military operations in the Pacific Ocean against the Japan, the naval base of San Francisco provides thousands of direct uses and indirect. In the Years 1960, the port activities decline. It is the port of Oakland which takes over then.
The Tourisme is the principal economic activity of San Francisco, which counts among the ten principal American destinations. San Francisco is the 5th American city which attracts the most foreign tourists. Fisherman' S Wharf is the third tourist attraction of the United States. According to The Economist , the city was visited in 2004 by some 15 million tourists, bringing back 6,7 billion dollars. Thanks to its infrastructures, the city is classified in the first ten places for conventions and the conferences in North America. The French tourists privilege large the American cities: thus, on the first 20 tourist destinations of the French, five are American. First is New York, fifth San Francisco and the eighth Las Vegas.
The heritage of the Gold rush made of San Francisco the financial and banking center principal of the peaceful coast. Montgomery Street in the financial center is often regarded as the " Wall Street of the ouest". It is the seat of the 12th district of the Federal fund and the institutions Wells Fargo Charles Schwab and Visa. There many other banks, financial institutions and companies of Capital risk elected residence there in order to be able to make deals with the firms of Silicon Valley.
During last years, San Francisco gradually was essential like a Pôle of competence in the sectors of the Biotechnologies and biomedecine. In May 2005, San Francisco was selected to lodge the seat of the Californian research program of original cells. Largest of these industries concentrates in the district of Bay Mission, in the south-east of the city.
SME are a major force in the saving in San Francisco, since according to the Chamber of commerce of the city, nearly 90% of the companies san-franciscaines count less than 100 paid.
San Francisco is one of the rare American cities to impose its own minimum wage, fascinating preceding on that of the state, which it exceeds. In November 2006, the voters san-franciscains also approved a measure which would found obligatory vacation disease for the employers of the city, with the one hour height disease by 30 hours worked.
See also: List of companies having their seat in San Francisco
Highway networkThe Bay Bridge, of which a part is in the course of restoration, is the single road axis directly joining San Francisco in the east of the bay via Treasure Island. In the same way, Golden celebrates it Spoils Bridge, joined San Francisco with the Comté of Sailor, in the north of bay.
The principal road axes in San Francisco are the Interstate 80, which starts on Bay Bridge and continues towards the east, U.S. Road 101, which prolongs Interstate 80 towards the south towards Silicon Valley. In its northern direction, the US 101 merges with two of the principal arteries of the city, Van Ness Avenue and Lombard Street for then following the Golden delicious Spoils Bridge and crossing county of Sailor. The Interstate 280 starts in South off Market towards the west and forks then towards the south towards Silicon Valley and the Highway 1 and via Park Presidio Boulevard through the west of the city.
Public transportSan Francisco probably has the public grid system densest on the Western coast of the United States. It is also one of the most used networks, since 35% of San-Franciscains borrow it daily.
The grid system public municipal, Provided, is managed by the city. It includes/understands the network of trams of the city, including the “cable bus” if appreciated tourists, and a network of bus.
The whole of the area is served by a railway network express train, BART ( Bay Area Rapid Transit ), inaugurated in 1974, which connects San Francisco to the east of bay by a tunnel (Transbay Tube) and to the north of the Comté of San Mateo, where is located in particular the International airport of San Francisco.
Caltrain is a railway line whose terminus san-franciscain is in the district of SUMMONED. The line, which connects San Francisco to the town of Gilroy, via San Jose, more or less follows in parallel the avenue El Camino Real, and serves many stations along the peninsula of San Francisco.
A modest fleet of ferries makes the shuttle between the district of the Embarcadero and the Comté of Sailor, Oakland, Vallejo and the Comté of Solano.
AirportsThe International airport of San Francisco (SFO) is located at 12,9 km in the south of the city, in the Comté of San Mateo, at the edge of the Baie of San Francisco. It is the second larger airport in California, after that of Los Angeles. It is connected to the railway network BART and via BART or shuttle to Caltrain. The two other principal airports of the agglomeration are the International airport of Oakland, to 32,2 km in the east of San Francisco, and the International airport Norman Y. Mineta de San Jose, to 70,8 km in south-west.
PortsThe Port of San Francisco broadest and the most were formerly attended American Western coast, but this title from now on is held by the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Even if the Baie of San Francisco remains an important harbor destination, it is from now on the Port of Oakland which accommodates the majority of the cargo liners, having of more than space and a better infrastructure.
Like many American old ports , that of San Francisco was built containing bridge ( piers ) perpendicular to the coast. The cargo liner was discharged by cranes and was then transported manually worms of the hangars built on the quays. It is through these bridge that the very important trade of the wood of the Western coast forwarded.
The advent of the era of the Container S rang the knell of the wearing of San Francisco, which was not equipped for this type of cargo liner. Many its hangars became obsolete and remained with the abandonment until their recent reconversion in offices, shopping malls or spaces of exposure. The wearing of San Francisco continuous to being active, but its activities its from now on limited to the ferries which forward starting from the Ferry Building, to the pleasure and tourism. Pier 39 accommodates a tourist shopping mall and the vessels of cruising. A restoration of Piers 27-31 is in project.
SportsSan Francisco accommodates several professional teams: that of the San Francisco 49ers (National Football League) is most famous and oldest of the city. This football team American began in 1946 and plays since 1971 in the Monster Park with the Candlestick Point. She knew her apogee in the years 1980 and 1990 by gaining five titles of the Super Bowl thanks to players like Joe Montana, Steve Young, Ronnie Lott or Jerry Rice.
The San Francisco Giants (Major League Baseball) are the other headlight team of the city: the frankness was created with New York and there remained until the removal in San Francisco in 1958. Since 2000, Giants play AT&T Park, that San-Franciscains continue to call PacBell Park . This stage of more than: 41000 places belongs to the renovation project of South Beach and Mission Bay.
the California Victory (the First division of the USL)
- the San Francisco Dragons (Major League Lacrosse)
- the San Francisco Piles (American Basketball Association, Red Conference)
The city counts also several university teams, among whom Gifts of the Université of San Francisco, Gators of the Université of State of San Francisco and Rams of the City College off San Francisco. The cut of the Emerald Bowl of the league of American football NCAA is held in San Francisco each December.
The race on foot Bay to Breakers takes place each year since 1912. It is the occasion for certain participants to run there in costumes, even entirely naked, and holds the record of the greatest number of participants in his category (: 110000 in 1986). The marathon of San Francisco takes place each year in July, and traditionally includes a loop which includes/understands the Golden Spoils Bridge.
The Route of Gold is a nautical competition which connects New York to San Francisco without stopover.
CultureIn the years which followed the Second world war, San Francisco accelerated its transformation into a pole of cultures and alternative lifestyles. The movements which contributed to this evolution are numerous: the Happy generation , incarnated by the Beatnik S (a term born of the feather of the local leader-writer Herb Caen), the Rebirth of San Francisco of the Years 1950, the culture Hippie, the sexual release, Civic right homosexual and famous “the Be of the Love” in the district of Haight-Ashbury in the Years 1960.
The bonds of San Francisco with the Asia are determining to include/understand the city: the Chinese community is one of most important of North America; San Francisco has the second Chinatown more populated of the United States behind New York. The city is in particular twinned with Shanghai and developed close links with the Asian culture: the Asian Museum of Art and the Japanese Jardin of the Golden Spoils Park are among most interesting of Occident. In 1975, an temporary exhibition of Chinese archaeological vestiges had attracted 800 000 visitors in two months.
LiteratureAt the 19th century, Jules Verne makes become the heroes of the Round the world tour in eighty days by San Francisco; it describes it (without to have ever visited it) like the prototype of the cosmopolitan and harbor city:
Passepartout observed with curiosity the American big city: broad streets, well aligned low houses, churches and temples of a Anglo-Saxon Gothic, docks immense, warehouses like palates, ones of wood, others out of brick; in the streets, cars many, bus, because of trams, and on the encumbered pavements, not only of the Americans and Europeans, but also of the Chinese and the Indians.
Cinema and television
See also: List of films made to San Francisco
San Francisco is probably one of the most picturesque cities of North America, which is worth to him to be the decoration of many tographic works Cinéma and of televised series. With the cinema, the hills of San Francisco were used as decoration with many continuations of cars, Bullitt with The Rock , but also with many romantic comedies like the Blonde or russet-red the with On line of Edtv . The city was also the seat many black films or with Suspense, Passagers of the night to Zodiac while passing by Cold sweats . San Francisco accommodates each year an international festival of the film ( San Francisco International Film Festival ), as well as many others more specialized.
Many televised series are in the “City close to Bay”. The city was immortalisée in the detective series the Streets of San Francisco or by the adaptation of the Chroniques of San Francisco . To however note that since the Years 1980, many series or mini-series having the city as decoration are essentially turned either in studio in the area of Los Angeles (like the situation comedies the Festival at the house or life with five , or the series Charmed ), or with the Canada, Toronto, Montreal or more frequently in Colombia-British, where the production costs are less. The episodes of Monk are thus turned to Vancouver except for some external scenes, the series Bionic Woman is completely turned it also as a Colombia-British, and the series Journeyman diffused on NBC since 2007 is mainly turned in the area of Los Angeles. The last exception to this rule was the series Nash Bridges , completely filmed in San Francisco and in its area between 1996 and 2000.
Since the middle of the years 2000, the town of San Francisco tried to allure the production companies by in particular lowering the costs of the licenses of turning and by simplifying the system, but with for the moment a limited success.
The city includes/understands many theaters, to start with those of the Symphony orchestra of San Francisco, the Opéra of San Francisco and the Ballet of San Francisco. The opera and the ballet of the city count among the oldest troops of the United States. The city is also the seat of the American Conservatory Theater, often shortened A.C.T., a major institution of the theatrical scene of the area of the Baie since its foundation in 1965.
In addition to these professional and more traditional institutions, San Francisco accommodates in particular the famous San Francisco Gay Men' S Chorus, a chorus of 230 homosexual singers, as well as San Francisco Lesbian/Gay Freedom Band, the first gay brass band and lesbian of the world. The city counts also two other gay choruses, the Gay Chorus off San Francisco and the Golden delicious Spoils Men' S Chorus.
Several festivals of music take place each year in San Francisco, among which San Francisco Blues Festival, the oldest festival of American Blues, held each autumn since 1973, and San Francisco Jazz Festival, each autumn since 1982. Since 1993, the festival Noise Pop celebrates the last musical tendencies in addition rock'n'roll, San Francisco Electronic Music Festival was launched in 2000, and the Mission Creek Music Festival puts at the poster local interpreters since 1996.
San Francisco inspired by many authors and interpreters, of Henry Mancini with the Arctic Monkeys, while passing by the Village People and Chris Isaak. Maxime the Forester immortalisé in “San Francisco” its experiment gipsy during the golden age of the movement Hippie of the city, and Otis Redding sang the nostalgia of a native of the Georgia in “(Sittin' one) The Dock off The Bay”.
The two songs more the appraisals of San-Franciscains on their city remain however “San Francisco”, sung by Jeanette Mac Donald in the film of the same title, and “I Left My Heart in San Francisco”, by Tony Bennett.
Night lifeSan Francisco has an intense and varied night life, offering many bars, lounges and clubs with those which leave there. The districts which live more during the night are North Beach, the Mission District, the Marina, the Castro and South off Market. Certain concert halls san-franciscaines are legendary, like The Fillmore and The Warfield. Bimbo' S 365 and Great American Music Hall is also known to accommodate interpreters with growing popularity, and 1015 Folsom and Ruby Skye are among the most attended nightclubs. Because of an intense night lighting, reverberation of the light on water and moisture and air pollution, the city is often covered with a night halation which translates a phenomenon of luminous Pollution in particular affecting the birds at the time of the migrations.
Museums of San FranciscoThe cultural life of San Francisco is particularly rich thanks to its museums:
California De luxe hotel off the Legion off Honor
See also: California De luxe hotel off the Legion off Honor
Located in Lincoln Park, in the west of the city, this museum is one of most remarkable of San Francisco. Built in remembering the 3 600 Californian soldiers died in France during the First World War, it opened its doors in 1924 thanks to the efforts and with the fortune of the Spreckels family.
ExploratoriumIt is a museum devoted to physical sciences. It belongs to the Palace off Fine Arts (Palate of the Art schools); it is installed in a building built in 1915 at the time of the international exhibition. It reproduces a Roman dome.
The Academy of Science of CaliforniaIn English California Academy off Sciences , the Academy of Science of California is located at the 875 Howard Street. She proposes exposures, the Steinhart aquarium and a museum of natural history.
The Museum of Asian artsLocated in the district of the Civic Center in a building inaugurated in 1966, the Asian Art Museum shelters approximately 15 000 objects of Asia. The base of this collection comes from the inheritance of the millionaire Avery Brundage, died in 1975. It is about the richest museum of Asian art of the world after that of Taïpeh. In 1989, a department of Korean art came to enrich this institution. Lastly, on March 20th, 2003, after a reorganization carried out under the direction of the Italian architect Gae Aulenti, the museum offers a new framework to the collections.
- San Francisco Art Museum
- San Francisco Museum off Modern Art
- San Francisco Of Young Maritime Museum
- San Francisco National Historical Park who includes/understands the maritime museum of San Francisco
MediaSeveral newspapers are published in San Francisco: the San Francisco Chronicle constitutes the most important daily newspaper of California of north as regards distribution. It was created in 1865 and was belonged to the Hearst Corporation, and its daily pulling reaches 512.000 specimens in week, and 540.000 Sunday. Herb Caen worked there starting from the end of the year 1930. The San Francisco Examiner was one of the most remarkable newspapers of the media empire of William Randolph Hearst; then it declined to become today small a tabloid. Sing CAT Daily is placed among the largest Chinese newspapers of Bay of San Francisco.
Several free daily newspapers and weekly magazines are distributed to San Francisco, in particular San Francisco Bay Guardian , a weekly magazine progressist, or SF Weekly .
The city also accommodates the seats of the town magazines San Francisco Magazine and 7x7 , as well as many other publications, like cultural monthly magazines The Believer and Planet , the magazine of mode and design Surface or the magazine asio-American Hyphen .
The agglomeration of San Francisco is the fifth area on the US market in term of televisual audience , and the fourth in radiophonic term of audience . All the American television networks (Fox, NBC, ABC and CBS) there have an affiliated chain, and the city also accommodates other independent and nonaffiliated television broadcast stations, as well as regional offices for CNN and the BBC.
San Francisco is also the seat of new media such as the webzine Salon.com , the firm Hundred Networks and the company of directed publication LGBT PlanetOut.
- the the University of California to San Francisco ( UCSF ) was founded in 1873 and counts today: 2600 students. It occupies a position of leader world in the field of biomedical sciences.
- the Université of State of San Francisco ( San Francisco State University ) opened its doors in 1899, and counts more: 28628 students in 2006. It belongs to the system of the California State University (Université of State of California) which counts more: 410000 students out of 23 campus in several Californian cities.
- School of right Hastings, which depends on the network of the the University of California
- the City College off San Francisco has 11 campuses distributed in all the city. It is one of most important the community colleges of the United States with an annual manpower of more than 100000 students.
- the Université of San Francisco is a private university Jesuit and catholic, created in 1855 and who counts currently more than 8300 students. Its campus measures 20.63 hectares and is located on the hill of Lone Mountain, between the presidio and the Golden Spoils Park.
- the Golden Spoils University, founded in 1901, account currently: 5402 students.
- the San Francisco Art Institute is one of oldest (1871) and one of the most prestigious establishment of higher education in Contemporary art. It is in the district of Russian Hill.
- New College off California
- California School off Culinary Arts
- Academy off Arts University
- the inhabitants of the area of San Francisco generally indicate the city quite simply by the City . San Francisco is sometimes poetically called in English The City by the Bay , and the leader-writer san-franciscain Herb Caen also baptized it Baghdad by the Bay and The City that Knows How . The inhabitants of the area of Bay never use the nickname of Frisco , that only the tourists seem affectionner. San Fran is not either very popular at San-Franciscains, which on the other hand shortens sometimes the name of the city by its initial, " SF".
- the first bridge out of reinforced concrete ever built in the United States, the Lake Alvord Bridge, was built in the Golden Spoils Park in 1889.
- In 2002, San Francisco counted as many Without fixed residence S that the town of New York, whereas it has only the tenth of the population of it.
- San Francisco is one of the rare American cities where the investigating police officers, equivalent to the inspectors of Judicial police in France, have the title of inspector , and not of detective .
- the ground trembles regularly in San Francisco and the seismographs record amplitudes of alarming jolts which make fear the repetition of the great seism of April 18th, 1906.
See also: List of personalities san-franciscaines
Many personalities are originating in San Francisco or resided at it. One can in particular quote the photographers Ansel Adams and Dorothea Lange, the dancer Isadora Duncan, often regarded as the founder of the modern Danse, the contemporary writer Armistead Maupin or the Scottish novelist Robert Louis Stevenson.
San Francisco is also the den of many realizers and actors, among whom Robin Williams and Sean Penn. Clint Eastwood was born there and in particular filmed there the saga of the Inspector Harry , Francis Ford Coppola lived there and there installed its production company American Zoetrope, and George Lucas, which resides at the north of the city, there has just moved the seat of its companies Lucasfilm Ltd., Industrial Light & Magic and LucasArts in the park of the Presidio.
- Bay of San Francisco
- urban Area of San Francisco
- Silicon Valley
Photographs California Photographs of San Francisco.
- webcam on the town of San Francisco
- air Visit of all the districts of San Francisco in photographs
- Photographs of San Francisco
- photo gallery of San Francisco
- Marie-Dominique Perrin, “San Francisco rebels it”, in Le Figaro of the 8/21/2006,
- Photos of San Francisco Photos and notebook of voyage in French in San Francisco and in the American West.
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