Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (born the 10 April 1755 with Meissen (Saxony, Germany), died in 1843 with Paris) was a doctor who at the time of the publication of a German article, invented the Homéopathie, in 1796.
BiographyHe was the third child of Christian Gottfried Hahnemann and his second wife, Johanna Christiane Spieß. His/her father was painter on porcelain in the famous porcelain factory of Meissen.
He attended the council school and accepted then a purse at the princely school of St Afra to Meissen. When it left there, in 1775, it began studies of medicine to Leipzig, earning its living thanks to language classes and translations in German of works of physiology and medicine. Soon it went to the university of Vienna for three quarters when, until the money was missing to him, it heard the courses which made with the bedside patients the baron Joseph von Quarin, professor of medicine and medical director of the hospital of the Brothers of Charity.
In October 1777, the baron Samuel von Brukenthal, that the Marie-Therese empress had just named governor of Transylvania, proposed to him a station as librarian and personal doctor. Hahnemann accompanied it in Hermannstadt (today Sibiu in Romania) and it remained there during almost two years. It there saw, seems he, of many cases of paludism, and it would be falls ill itself (what is important for its tests with the quinquina). During its stay with Hermannstadt, it adhered to a maconnic cabin. Then it finished its studies of medicine in Erlangen, and in August 1779, passed its doctorate.
During years which followed, he exerted with more or less success in a great number of towns of Germany of North and average Germany as doctor, chemist, translator and writer. Per moments he forsook the medical practice completely, “because it cost me more than it paid to me and generally only ingratitude was paid” (letter of August 29th, 1791, cit. according to Jütte, page 48), and he devoted himself to the only chemical experiments, the translations and the publications. At other times, it is hardly if it could escape the patients: “I failed not to be able to write parce these last weeks the customers is so abundant in Eilenburg that it is able to me often not to have time to eat” (letter of September 18th, 1801, cit. according to Jütte, page 74). The success of its activity as psychotherapist, chemist and writer was also more variable, as it further will be seen.
The reasons of this wandering instability at Hahnemann are perhaps varied; Anthony Campbell rather pertinently summarizes them while saying: “It was unceasingly thorough always further by its always agitated spirit and the need for ensuring its subsistence”. It was not easy obviously for an independent professional worker and without fortune like was Hahnemann to nourish and maintain a family which increased well quickly; one should not forget either among its character traits an undeniable ambition which encouraged it to try various experiments (like was to it its stay with Altona). And then it had often mesh to leave with pharmacists because of its “interdisciplinary” activities: the chemist was made readily doctor or pharmacist. The quarrel which it had in Leipzig is only one example. It is considered that it is at the origin of the introduction of the practice of the setting in Forty into the kingdom Prussia at the time of its employment near the duke of Anhalt-Köthen (Saxony-Anhalt.) Attacked by its fellow-members and the pharmacists, of which it ruined industry by the simplicity of its remedies, it was seen several times constrained to change residence: it found during 14 years asylum with Köthen (Anhalt) (1820 - 1834).
It came in 1835 to be fixed at Paris, after being remarié, at 80 years, with a young Frenchwoman, Melanie d' Hervilly, and died there in its 89e year (July 2nd, 1843). It finished its life in Paris, where it is buried with the Cimetière of the Father-Lachaise.
- Versuch über ein neues Prinzip zur Auffindung der Heilkräfte der Arzneisubstanzen, nebst einigen Blicken auf die bisherigen , ( Hufelands Newspaper DER practischen Arzneykunde , 1796).
- Organon der Heilkunst (1810) explains the theory of homeopathy. Hahnemann published 5 editions of which the last in 1833; one 6th unfinished edition was discovered after the death of Hahnemann but before 1921 was not published. L'Organon was published in many languages including French:
- Exposure of the homeopathic medical doctrines or Organon of art to cure , 1845.
- Materia Medica Pura is a compilation of reports/ratios of proof in homeopathy, published in six volumes during the years 1820 (vol. VI gone back to 1827.) Revised editions of volumes I and II were published respectively in 1830 and 1833.
- Chronic disease treats origin and treatment of the chronic diseases jointly with a compilation of homeopathic evidence. Published in five volumes during the years 1830.
Literature (in German)
- Robert Jütte: Samuel Hahnemann, Begründer der Homöopathie. München 2005, dtv premium. ISBN 3-423-24447
- Rima Handley: Eine homöopathische Liebesgeschichte. Das Leben von Samuel und Melanie Hahnemann. München 2002, C.H. Beck. ISBN 3-406-45991-9
- Anthony Campbell: Homeopathy in Prospect, engl. Buch als pdf
- Richard Haehl: Samuel Hahnemann. Center Leben und Schaffen. 2 volumes, Leipzig 1922, Willmar Schwabe.
- Samuel Hahnemann: Die Krankenjournale. Published by Robert Jütte. Heidelberg 1992-2005, Haug.
- Georg Bayr: Hahnemanns Selbstversuch put der Chinarinde 1790. Die Konzipierung der Homöopathie. Heidelberg 1989, Haug, ISBN 3-8304-0210-4
- '' Versuch über ein neues Prinzip zur Auffindung der Heilkräfte der Arzneisubstanzen, nebst einigen Blicken auf die bisherigen '' (text available only in German)
- Organon der Heilkunst, 5th and 6th German editions
- English translation
- '' Exposition of the homoeopathic medical doctrines, or Organon of art to cure ''. 5th edition, in French, 1845, consultable on the site of the National library of France
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