The Land of Salzburg is bordering on the länder of High-Austria, of Styrie, Carinthie and the the Tyrol as well as following countries: Italy (the Tyrol of the South) and Germany (Bavaria). In the south the chain of the the central Eastern Alps is (Hohe the Tauern), in the east and north the Massif of Dachstein and the the Alps de Berchtesgaden.
The colonization of Salzburg goes back to prehistoric times. The oldest name comes from the Celtes: Iuvavum. In the ruins of the Roman Juvavum, in 690, holy Rupert formed one évêché by basing the monasteries Sankt Peter (Saint Pierre) and Frauenkloster on Nonnberg. In 798, évêché became archbishop's palace and associated évêchés of Ratisbon, of Passau, Freising, Brixen, then those of Gurk (1072), of Chiemsee (1215), of Seckau (1218) and of Washing (1225).
AdministrationThe Land of Salzburg includes/understands five districts:
- Hallein (Tennengau)
- Salzburg-Umgebung (Flachgau)
- St Johann im Pongau (Pongau)
- Tamsweg (Lungau)
- Zell amndt See (Pinzgau)
and a Statutarstadte (city with statute)
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