GeographyThe village of Saint-Sauflieu is located at less than ten kilometers of Amiens, at the edge of the plate of the South-Amiénois, dominating a dry valley which leads to the valley of the Saddle, flow of the Sum.
HistoryImmediately in the west of the agglomeration remains the layout of the “Roadway Brunehaut”, old Gallo-Roman way tended between Caesaromagus , Beauvais, and Samarobriva , Amiens. Vestiges of Gallo-Roman constructions were located in the North-East of the village by Roger Agache by means of the air prospection. This last thinks that the toponym “Saint-Sauflieu” comes from Saxonum Locus and would indicate the presence of a camp of Saxon auxiliaries of the Roman army.
At the end of the XVIIe century Saint-Sauflieu was the largest village of the South-Amiénois (current cantons of Boves, Conty and Ailly-on-Noye). With 1100 inhabitants in 1698 Saint-Sauflieu largely Loeilly (900 hab.) preceded, Aily-on-Ñoye (800), Sains (759), Boves (684), Sourdon or Rogy (500) In spite of the demographic deficit known by the majority of the villages of the area, as well because of food shortage and of the general epidemics in the north of France into 1709-1711 as because of an other crisis, less known, characterizing the years 1718-1719, Saint-Sauflieu, which did not have any more as 812 inhabitants in 1724, however kept the first place and were going to keep it at least until the end of the Old Mode. The only culture of cereals could not support such a population, one needed other resources for the inhabitants of Saint-Sauflieu. Thus they were itinerant tradesmen, in particular scrap merchants. In the middle of the XVIIIe century two thirds of the active men were “ferailliers”, the agricultural activities, artisanal and other commercial sharing the last third of credits. Towards the end of the century there was a strong reduction in the number of the scrap merchants related to a diversification of the artisanal at the village and so commercial activities itinerant with the appearance of merchants of hair, tobacco, potteries, fish (in particular of cods and herrings). As for the wives, they were made remunerate as nurses, lending their udder mercenary (according to the expression of Emmanuel Roy Ladurie) to the babies of “middle-class man” of Paris and Amiens (which could be simple craftsmen) or coming from charitable institutions like the Old people's home of the Found Children of Paris (founded in 1674 in current XIIe arr.) or the General hospital of Amiens. At the 18th Saint-Sauflieu century was indeed at the edge of the royal way from Paris to Boulogne.
Chief town of canton in year VII, Saint-Sauflieu was retrogressed thereafter to be included in the cantons of Healthy then of Boves. Of an extent of 776 hectares, the common one counts a maximum of 1600 inhabitants in 1836,1328 inhabitants in 1869, but it is exceeded by Boves which with the advantage of being served by the railway line from Paris to Amiens inaugurated in 1847. At the XIXe century the inhabitants of Saint-Sauflieu, like those of much of other villages of Amiénois, work for manufactures of Amiens, weaving and cutting the velvet, then dyed in the workshops of Saint-Leu. A brickyard located at the north of the village then gives also work to part of the inhabitants of Saint-Sauflieu.
The population went down to 586 inhabitants in 1931 and one minimum from 460 in 1939 to go up regularly thereafter and to currently reach almost a thousand.
Places and monuments
Personalities related to the communeSaint-Sauflieu quoted by Jules Verne like place of origin of one of the characters of his novel the Way of France (1887).
- Common of the Sum
External documentationBibliography :
- BOULFROY-DEMARCY Nathalie, Saint-Sauflieu: Picardy village , Woignarue: ED. the Vague Green one, 101p., 2001.
- GRÉVIN François Charles, Saint-Sauflieu, Somme. Chronological statement of the Acts of Burials 1680-1792. Genealogical Circle of Picardy, Amiens, 224p., 1997.
- Company of the Antique dealers of Picardy, Historical and Archaeological Dictionary of Picardy , Paris, ED. Picardy Son and Co, 1909.
- Saint-Sauflieu on the site of the national geographical Institute
- Saint-Sauflieu on the site of INSEE
- Saint-Sauflieu on the site of Quid
- Localization of Saint-Sauflieu on a chart of France and communes bordering
- Plane on Saint-Sauflieu on Mapquest
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