A history of Saint-Michel on barley in a few words…
Saint-Michel belonged to the forest of Séquigny, and the first known traces of settlement do not go up beyond the Middle Ages. At that time, king Hugues Capet made gift of grounds bordering the Barley with the one of his companions who became the first lord of Saint Michel. The inhabitants lived then of vine growing, breeding, and mixed-farming.
Primarily rural until the 19th century, the arrival of the railroad in 1843 with the creation of the Paris-Orleans line will upset the aspect of the city with side the old village, other the new residential districts. Consequently, an intense activity results from this, accompanied by many migratory flux. With the turning of the century the truck farming became an important activity thanks to railway forwardings towards Paris, and will remain an agricultural borough until in the years 1950. Saint-Michellois will work in Paris and the Parisian ones come in holiday with St Michel, it is the beginning of the urbanization. This period sees also the arrival of foreign workmen (Italian, Swiss, Belgian, and English) who exploited the careers of the Wood of the Rocks and constituted communities with share.
Years 1960 mark another decisive stage of its urbanization. The bankruptcy of company SAY will involve the sale of the field of the Wood of the Rocks on which a real whole of 2600 residences in collective habitat will be built. Starting points of this urbanization, other operations of more modest size and according to the urban policies will continue until in the years 1980 and will make disappear the last agricultural land. It results a fragmentation from it from urban space.
In 1966, an initiative of the public authorities causes the promotion of the acquisition of houses of the type “Villagexpo” built on industrial methods and falling under a type of town planning of social advancement. At the beginning simple exposure sale, this experiment will be transformed with St Michel into a true village equipped (schools, versatile rooms) whose each house will be given turn-key to its owner at the end of the exposure.
The population thus will pass from 3.765 inhabitants in 1962 to 20.000 in 1972. The shock is brutal for this small rural district and its inhabitants, who is not prepared with the necessary transformations and the new requirements out of equipment and services. From the years 1970 political stability allowed the utility service installation of, and to offer many services to the population while continuing a moderate urbanization of the city. During the years 1980 the urbanization was carried out in the form of ZAC: Fountain of the Elm, Montatons, the Clays (houses), Techniparc (industrial branch of industry). from 1986 1996 a band of buddy " has; the punks " will make St Michel a high alternative place of the zone of island of France, whatever wild concerts, various disputes with the police force, of the drinking bouts memorable, in short " a merry merdier" who permy has a small town of suburbs to register are name forever in the history of the rock'n'roll roll. In 2001 the city adhered to the community agglomeration of the barley Valley gathering from now on 9 cities dividing the same basin of employment and formation, of complementary public equipment with for consequence the transfer of part of communal competences, its resources and its personnel. Consequently the communal organization and missions are to be reconsidered.
The logo carried out by Stephan TELLIER, St Michellois after a broad consultation of the population. The colors green and blue symbolize the green areas and water. It translates the cohabitation modernity-tradition, symbolizes the successful integration of the urbanization and respect of the environment.
The blazon belongs to the lords of Launay and St Michel according to a description found in documents of files “of azure to the gold band charged with three doves to the naturalness”
Green areasSaint Michel on Orge is flowered Ville by the National council of the Cities and Flowered Villages of France.
Places and monumentsColumns of peace
The Wood of the Rocks
The fountain of the elm
brothers Baschet inventors of the sound structures Baschet
- Common of the Essonne
- Saint-Michel-sur-Orge on the site of the National Geographical Institute
- Saint-Michel-sur-Orge on the site of INSEE
- Saint-Michel-sur-Orge on the site of Quid
- Common closest to Saint-Michel-sur-Orge
- Localization of Saint-Michel-sur-Orge on a chart of France
- Plane of Saint-Michel-sur-Orge on Mapquest
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