See also: the Loire
HistoryThe department was created with the French revolution, the March 4th 1790, pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789, starting from part of the province of Burgundy ( Borgogne in Arpitan).
Leitartikel: History of Saône-et-Loire
GeographyThe department of Saône-et-Loire belongs to the area Burgundy. It is bordering on the departments of the Coast-with Or, the the Jura, the Ain, the the Rhone, the the Loire, Allier and of the Nievre.
The units and subsets which compose it are:
the Chalonnais, in north
- Coast chalonnaise
- the Sologne chalonnaise
the Bresse ( Bresse ) Burgundian, in the east of the the Saone
- Bresse chalonnaise
- Bresse louhanaise
The Saône-et-Loire is crossed by the watershed between the basins of the the Loire and the the Rhone ( Rôno ). It is in the department that this line has lowest altitudes in France, which is worth to him to be an important crossroads.
S' thus crosses there the North-South French main axes (A6, in the plain of the the Saone) and East-West (Atlantic Route Center-Europe, by the collar of Vaux). In the same way, the railway main roads Paris-Lyon cross the department, via the traditional line and the line at high speed (with two stations TGV: the Creusot-Montceau-TGV and Mâcon-Loach-TGV). Lastly, the channel of the Center connects the basins of the Loire and the Rhone.
Leitartikel: Geography of Saône-et-Loire
ClimateLeitartikel: Climate of Saône-et-Loire
EconomyLeitartikel: Saving in Saône-et-Loire
DemographyThe inhabitants of Saône-et-Loire are the Saone-and-Loiriens . With a population of 544893 inhabitants, the department is the most populated Burgundy area. It is also this department which adds up the largest number of cities. However, the pattern of the settlement tends to desiquilibrer between is and western. Indeed, if the west of the department tends to be depopulated - in particular in the basin of Creusot-Montceau -, is served perfectly by the modern transportation routes, tends to gain inhabitants: Bresse bourgignonne, Mâconnais and Chalonnais). It is currently the Bresse bourgignonne, without notable big city, which, by its prosperity, gains the most inhabitants (opening of classes…). In the same way, Châlon-sur-saône preserves its statute of city the most populated with 52260 inhabitants (INSEE 2007). Mâcon, prefecture of the department, tends to gain inhabitants, in particular in his agglomeration (urban surface of 104000 inhabitants set out again on Ain, the Rhone and the Saône-et-Loire). The proximity of Lyon supported the use and the installation of many Lyoneses as well as the investments.
Leitartikel: Demography of Saône-et-Loire
CultureLeitartikel: Culture in Saône-et-Loire
TourismThe department bases its tourist activity on its varied landscapes (flat of the Bresse, hills of the Mâconnais and the Charolais, mounts of the Morvan), its famous gastronomy (wines of Burgundy, ox charolais, chicken of Bresse, etc), its rich person inheritance (Bibracte, Cluny, Paray-le-Monial, Brionnais, etc).
Leitartikel: Tourism in Saône-et-Loire
PolicyLeitartikel: Political of Saône-et-Loire
List of the deputies of Saône-et-Loire
- List of the senators de Saône-et-Loire
- List of the general advisers of Saône-et-Loire
AdministrationLeitartikel: Administration of Saône-et-Loire
List of the prefects of Common Saône-et-Loire
- of Saône-et-Loire
- Old communes of Saône-et-Loire
Sports in the Saone and the Loire
Tennis shoe: Sporting Élan Chalonnais in Pro has.
- Football: FC Gueugnon in League 2, National CS Louhans-Cuiseaux in . The amateur team of FC Montceau Burgundy took part in half the finales of the Coupe de France of football 2006-2007.
- Armorial of the communes of Saône-et-Loire
- Blazon of the Saône-et-Loire: of gold to the two stakes waves of azure, the left chief: with the first of sown azure of flowers of gold lily and with the componée edge of money and mouths, with the bandaged second of gold and azure of six parts and with the edge of mouths . This blazon was drawn by Robert Louis, but forever used by the department.
“Burgundy-of-south”In 2003, the president of the General advice proposed to re-elect the department in “Burgundy-of-south”. The advanced arguments were the lack of notoriety of the name Saône-et-Loire, the confusion induced with the Loire ch4ateau, opposed to the international notoriety of the Burgundy and the character hooker of southern , evoking the Mediterranean influence which goes up until the department.
La procedure does not seem to have succeeded. The expression “Burgundy-of-south” remains however used in the tourist domain. This term thus follows the same way as that of “Septimanie” proposed to re-elect the area Languedoc-Roussillon.
- Departmental committee of Tourism
- Burgundian Bibliographie
- General advice
- the montgolfiers of Brionnais
- Association Stroll in Burgundy of the South
- genealogical Ressources in the Saone and the Loire
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