Rudolf Laban (of its true name Rezső Keresztelő Szent János Attila Lábán ) was born with Bratislava (then Preßburg in German or Pozsony in Hungarian) the December 15th 1879, in the empire Austro-Hungarian. Dancer, choreographer, pedagog and theorist of the dance, it founds a school with Munich in 1910, whose Mary Wigman will be pupil. After a stay with Zurich, during the war, it returns in Germany in 1919 and works in various cities, then becomes director of the ballet of the Opéra of Berlin in 1930. Engaged to organize “choreographies” of the athletes at the time of the Olympic Games of Berlin in 1936, it flees Germany in 1937, after being repudiated by Joseph Goebbels and takes refuge in England, with Dartington Hall.
Among its disciples, several divide his theoretical heritage:
- Kurt Jooss looks further into his choreographic principles
- Albrecht Knust develops its Notation of the movement
- Sigurd Leeder continues its teaching theories.
Laban dies on July 1st 1958 with Weybridge (Surrey).
The theoristTheorist of the movement, Laban defines various plans of the movement: the plan of the table (Horizontal), of the door (Vertical), of the wheel (Sagittal). He builds a Icosaèdre with various points and angles of space and enters this structure which specifies the directions of the body. This sphere of the movement, the Kinésphère, moves with the dancer who is the center.
- Notation of the movement: the 20th century.
- Notation Laban
- S. Thornton, has off Movement Perspective Rudolph Laban , London, Macdonald & Evans, 1971.
- J. Foster, The Influences off Rudolf Laban , London, Lepus Books, 1977.
- R. Laban, educational modern dance , Editions Complex and National center of the dance, 2003.
- R. Laban, dynamic Space , Brussels, News of dance, T. 51,2003.
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