See also: royal Navy
Royal Navy becomes a fleet of permanent war only in the middle of the 17th century. She knew many feats of arms during her history, such as her victory against the Invincible Armada in 1588, her success with the Bataille of Hougue in 1692 which opposed it to the French fleet. She established fully her supremacy as from the 18th century, in spite of some rare defeats, against Spain with the battle of Cartagena de Indias in 1741 for example, or against France with the battle of Chesapeake. After the beginning of the 19th century, the domination of the British navy on the oceans of the whole world can be any more called into question by no power until the Second world war.
See also: History of Royal Navy
Current organizationThe Amirauté is the political and administrative body managing Royal Navy.
In 2004,37 045 people worked for Royal Navy.
Currently, the general headquarter of Royal Navy is located on the island of Whale at broad of Portsmouth.
- Fleet Flagship and R2 Carrier
Fleet Ready Escort
- Atlantic Patrol Task (South) (patrol of the Atlantic southern)
Armilla Patrol (patrol in the Persian Gulf)
1st Patrol Boat Squadron
Fishery Protection Squadron
Northern Ireland Squadron
Falkland Islands Patrol Ship
- Standing NATO Response Forces Maritime Group 1 (SNMG1)
Standing NATO Response Forces Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2)
Mine Countermeasures Forces (North)
Mine Countermeasures Forces (South)
Administrative commandsIn 2002, Royal Navy removed its squadrons of large units and distributed them in flotillas corresponding to its three principal home ports.
Portsmouth flotilla , is ratachés there
- 1st Mine Countermeasures Squadron
- 2nd Mine Countermeasures Squadron
- 1st Patrol Boat Squadron
- Fishery Protection Squadron
- Falkland Island' S Patrol Ship
- Antarctic Patrol
- Devonport flotilla , is attached there
- Surveying Squadron
- Faslane Flotilla
- 3rd Mine Countermeasures Squadron
- Northern Ireland Duties
- Gibraltar Squadron
- Cyprus Squadron
Royal Navy (marine fusiliers)
- 3rd Commando Brigade off Royal Navy
- 40 Commando
- 42 Commando
- 45 Commando
- 539 Assault Squadron
- Special Boat Service RM
- Fleet Protection Group RM
Fleet Air ARM (air and sea)
- Captain HMS Sea Hawk (RNAS Culdrose): Naval Air Squadrons 814,820,824,829,849,700M, 750,771,792
- Commodore HMS Heron (RNAS Yeovilton): Naval Air Squadrons 801,815,702,727
- CO To order Helicopter Forces (RNAS Yeovilton): Naval Air Squadrons 845,846,847,848
- Royal Fleet Auxiliary
- Royal Naval Royal Reserve
- Naval College Britannia
- Maritime Warfare School
- Center of drive commando of Lympstone
Ships in service nowadays (2005)See the article: List of the ships of Royal Navy
Format of Royal Navy in 2015
The program of admiralty in 2005 provides that its manpower will be of 36.000 sailors in 2015 but the explosion of the costs of the programs and the restriction measures budgetary make that one doubts that this program is held.
The battle order would be of:
- 8 nuclear underwater of attack (in the long term all of class Astute )
- 4 underwater launchers of machines class '' Vanguard ''
- 8 Destroyer S of anti-aircraft fight Standard 45 class '' Daring '' (to replace the destroyers Type 42)
- 13 Standard frigates 23
- 4 Type frigates 22 Batch 3
- 1 LPH ( HMS Ocean ), in the long term replaced by one or two buildings of attack amphibious carry-helicopter (LHD)
- 2 LPD classifies Albion
- 4/5 LPD classifies Bay
- 16 buildings of fight against the mines (classes Sandown and Hunt)
- 6 patrol of open sea
- 6 buildings océano/hydrographic
- At least a dozen major buildings of logistical support (program MARCH, to replacecurrent buildings of ships type of support for the combat, supply tankers, ships of repair, medical support, etc)
40 or 50 fighters F-35
- 44 Helicopter S Merlin and Lynx
- 12 planes of maritime patrol Nimrod MR4
Ranks in Royal Navy
Foot-note : The most literal translation of warrant officer would be " officer by autorisation". This authorization distinguishes the warrant officers from the officers itself, who are commissioned officers (officers by " Commission ").
Famous ships of this marine
- HMS Victory, Ship of the line of the end of the 18th century.
- Black Prince, Duke off Edinburgh
- HMS Phaeton
- HMS Queen Elizabeth (1913-1948) Inflexible, Invincible
- HMS and Indomitable.
- HMS Vanguard (last British, contemporary battleship of the French Sailor-hat).
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