Rouen known as the Ville with the hundred bell-towers is a city of the North-West of the France, chief town of the area High-Normandy and department of the Seine-Maritime. The city is crossed by the the Seine and three of its small affluents, the Aubette, the Robec and the Cailly. The town of Rouen counts: 115000 inhabitants and his agglomeration: 411000 in 2007.
Its inhabitants is called Rouennais. Rouen is seat of a Archevêché whose archbishop is Primat of Normandy.
It is one of the rare French cities to be decorated with the Légion of honor.
SituationIn the beginning, the city occupied Right Bank of the Seine. Today, it largely includes the left bank (Quartier Saint-Sever in particular, in the south of the river) and includes also an island (the island Lacroix). The valley is very undulating in the north of Rouen which is dominated by the plate where many satellite towns are located, just like around all the city, forming the agglomeration.
The the Seine represents 179 ha of the surface of the commune. There are 306 ha of green areas, 210 km of ways including 16 km of cycle tracks and 8 km of malls whose entry is often regulated by retractable terminals.
DemographyThe town of Rouen east in the center of a urban Surface of 518.316 inhabitants. Between 1990 and 1999 the progression of the population was of 2,64%.
In addition the zone of use of Rouen, counts 724.721 inhabitants.
(Sources INSEE 1990/1999).
Town planningThere are 62.000 residences including 54.000 main homes. Approximately 1/5 are social housing (12 800).
; Key figures
- annual average temperature: between 10 and 20 °C;
- days of frozen under shelter per annum: 51;
- lasted of sunning average: 1.630 heures/an;
- Fog: 85 jours/an;
- Storm: 16 jours/an;
- Pluviometry: between 700 and 1.000 mm/an.
Known Gallo-Romans under the name of Rotomagus - which would come from the words Roto (tank) and magus (the Marché). The city was founded on Right Bank of the the Seine during the reign of Auguste. It is the second most important city of the Gaulle behind Lugdunum.
It is at the 3rd century after Jesus-Christ that the Roman city reaches its higher point of development. It is known that a large Amphithéâtre and thermal baths had then been built there. Starting from the middle of the 3rd century, the Germanic invasions start.
It is also during this period that the first cathedral is built in Rouen and that a first bishop is named there, Saint Victrice.
The Middle Ages
Starting from 841, the Viking S carry out frequent incursions into the valley of the Seine. As of this date, they devastate first Rouen once. The Chronique of Fontenelle briefly pays: “The year of the incarnation of Lord 841, the Normands arrived with their chief Oscherus and burned the town of Rouen the May 14th. ”
Rouen, attacked once again by the Viking S in 843, will become the capital of the Duché of Normandy after Rollon, Viking chief will have received this one of the king of France Charles III by the treaty of Saint-Clearly-on-Epte in 911. Then, the court being itinerant and William the Conqueror having built his castle with Caen, the capital will be in this last city. During the period Viking, the city becomes a commercial port with the Paris region and a market of slaves.
The dukes of Normandy resided several times at Rouen, but William the Conqueror is buried with Caen. The heart of Richard II of England is preserved in the chorus of the cathedral. In 1150, Rouen obtains a communal charter; the city is then managed by the Hundred Pars. The inhabitants are gathered in corporations and brotherhoods of trades. Rouen is a center of important trade, exporting salt and fish towards Paris and of the wine towards the England.
In 1200, the Cathédrale of Rouen must be rebuilt following a fire. The building site lasts several centuries.
The king of France Philippe Auguste takes the city the April 16th 1203 and attaches Normandy to the kingdom of France the following year. He maintains the privileges communal, but made destroy the old ducal castle and makes build a new fortification to supervise the city. This one is built on the old site of the Amphithéâtre Gallo-Roman and will take the name of Bouvreuil castle. Destroyed at the end of the 15th century it is used then as career, except the famous tower Jeanne d' Arc restored by Viollet the Duke and who remains still today. This tower is actually the Donjon castle built by Philippe Auguste. In spite of its name, it was not the place of imprisonment of Jeanne d' Arc in 1431 even if it seems that the latter made a passage there (tower where the Maid of Orleans was imprisoned, he remains only one ruin now visible in the back-yard of a private property located street Jeanne d' Arc).
Manufactures of textiles develop in Rouen, the merchants buying wool in England and reselling cloths in the Foires of Champagne.
The prosperity of Rouen rests mainly on the trade on the the Seine. The merchants rouennais lay out since Henri II of the monopoly of navigation on the the Seine downstream from Paris. They dispatch in England Vin S and Blé and return with Laine and tin.
The disorders related to the taxes multiply in Rouen: the riots of 1281 see the assassination of the mayor and the plundering of the noble houses. In front of the insecurity, Philippe IV Beautiful the removes the commune and withdraws with the merchants the monopoly of the trade on the the Seine. But Rouennais repurchase their freedoms in 1294.
In 1306 Philippe IV Beautiful the decides to expel the strong Jewish community of Rouen of a population from 5 to 6000 hearts.
In 1349, the Black Death bursts in Rouen. In 1382, an important urban revolt bursts, the Harelle. The city will be cruelly repressed by the royal troops. The taxes are increased and the privileges of Rouen for the trade on the the Seine are abolished.
The January 19th 1419, during the War One hundred Year old, the king Henri V of England takes the town of Rouen and attaches the Normandy to the British crown. Jean Jouvenel of Ursins, contemporary of these events, pays sobrement: “The seat was lengthily in front of Rouen, never had not had it if not by famine, because it there avoit valiant tenans people the party of the duke of Bourgongne; but the famine was so marvellous and so large, that they were constrained to put in obeyssance roy of England, because of one costé and other they did not have any help. The dix-neuviesme day of January the roy from England entered to Rouen. ”
The War One hundred Year old finished, the large building sites include in the capital Norman. At the beginning of the Rebirth, Rouen is the city most populated kingdom after Paris. One completes the churches in the blazing style.
Rouen was also one of the Norman hearths of the artistic Renaissance, in particular thanks to the Mécénat of the archbishops (Georges d' Amboise and its nephew, Georges II of Amboise) and of the financial ones. Artists and architects as Roulland the Russet-red decorate the houses and the palates of italianizing decorations, as on the Desk of Finances, opposite the gate of the cathedral. One allots the signature of the famous sculptor Jean Goujon to the casements of the Saint-Maclou church.
The economic advancement of the city at the end of the 15th century is due primarily to draperies, but also to the silk trade and the metallurgy. The fishermen of Rouen go until Newfoundland to fish the Morue and in Baltique to fish the Hareng. The salt is conveyed since the Portugal and the Guérande. Cloths are sold in Spain, which provides from now on wool and Médicis review of Rouen principal resale of the Roman Alun.
At the beginning of the 16th century, Rouen becomes the French main port implied in the trade with the Brésil, mainly because of the requirements in dyes for draperies. In 1500, ten Imprimerie S are already installed in the city, sixteen years after the first installation.
Wars of religion
In the Années 1530 and following, the population of Rouen is touched by the Protestantisme, even if it entirely does not convert. As of 1560, the tensions between communities Protestant woman and catholic are exacerbated: the huguenots cause the catholics and break statues of saints. The massacre of Vassy starts the first war of religion. The April 15th 1562, the Protestants enter of force the Town hall and drive out the Baillif. In May, the actions iconoclasts gain the countryside. The May 10th, the catholic members of Parliament leave Rouen.
The catholics take strong the Holy-Catherine, who dominates the city. The two camps use terror. The authorities rouennaises then require the assistance of the queen of England. The English send, under the terms of the Traité Hampton Court signed the September 20th 1562 with Condé, of the troops to support the Protestants and occupy, in exchange, Le Havre. The October 26th 1562, the royal troops take the capital Norman and put it at bag during three days.
The news of the Massacre of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre reaches Rouen at the end of August 1572: Hennequier tries to avoid the massacre with the Protestants, by locking up them. But, between the 17 and on September 20th, crowd forces the doors of the prisons and cuts the throat of the Protestants who are there. The city is several times attacked by Henri IV, but resists to him, in particular at the time of the long seat of December 1591 in May 1592, thanks to the assistance brought by the Spanish army of the duke of Parma.
During the war of 1870, Rouen will be occupied by the Prussian army. It will be it also during the Second world war June 9th 1940 with the August 15th 1944. During this conflict, it will undergo violent one bombardments in particular aiming the bridges on the the Seine and it marshalling yard of Sotteville-the-Rouen. The cathedral and the Law courts were touched, in particular at the time of the red Semaine, from May 30th to June 5th, 1944, during which the district of the cathedral was in prey with the flames.
DistrictsThe city is divided into 15 districts:
- Rouen Right Bank
- Old man-Market, Cathedral (street Jeanne-in Arc, Street of the Large-Clock)
- Saint-Marc, Cross-of-Pierre, Saint-Nicaise
- Western Slopes
- Grieu, Swiss Small valley
- the Fir trees
- Grand' pond
- Island Lacroix
- Rouen Left bank
- Downtown area, left bank Saint-Sever
- Saint-Clement, Botanical garden
- 176.300 employment in the agglomeration including 75.700 employment in Rouen;
- 3.000 trade;
- 1st tertiary regional metropolis of the Paris basin;
- Airport Rouen Valley of the Seine;
- Port authority of Rouen.
Rouen is the seat of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Rouen. It manages the Aéroport Rouen Vallée of the Seine.
Rouen is also the seat of the Regional court of trade and industry of High-Normandy.
See also: List of the mayors of Rouen
CantonsRouen has the largest bell-tower of France after Feuillie (Seine-Maritime).
See also: Canton of Rouen
Rouen is divided into 7 cantons:
- the 1st canton counts 19 964 inhabitants;
- the 2nd canton counts 13 643 inhabitants;
- the 3rd canton counts 12 033 inhabitants;
- the 4th canton counts 11 153 inhabitants;
- the 5th canton counts 15 671 inhabitants;
- the 6th canton counts 20 682 inhabitants;
- the 7th canton counts 13 446 inhabitants.
Famous natives of Rouen
- Pierre Fabri, Poet, born towards 1450
- Guillaume Guérante, reforming scholar Augustin, born in 1494
- Jean Behourt, grammairien and Playwright, born in first half of the
- Guillaume Guéroult, Doctor, Poet, Musician and Translator, born towards 1507
- Nicolas de Grouchy, scholar and writer, born in 1510
- Nicolas Godson of Chesnaye, Poet and Playwright, born in 1530
- François de Civille, Military, born in 1537
- Isaac Oliver, painter, born in 1560
- François d' Eudemare, Historian and Poet, born in 1580
- Guy of the Brush, Botanist, born in 1586
- Pierre Bardin, writer, Philosopher and Mathematician, born in 1590
- Hercules Grisel, writer, born in 1595
- Samuel Bochart, scholar, born in 1599
- Robert Fauvel, sior of Doudeauville, Traveller, born towards the end of the
- Pierre Corneille, writer, born the June 6th 1606
- Julien Lémery, prosecutor at the Parliament of Normandy, father of Nicolas Lémery, born in 1610
- Desfontaines, Actor, Dramatic author and Novelist, born towards 1610
- Adrien Auzout, Astronomer, born in 1622
- Thomas Crow, Playwright, brother of Pierre Corneille, born the August 20th 1625
- Nicolas de Croixmare, Mathematician and Chemist, born in 1629
- Christmas Alexandre, Theologist and Historian, born in 1630
- Jean the Furrier, Alchemist, born in 1633
- Pierre Thomas of the Ditch, Erudite and author, born in 1634
- Robert Guérard, scholar, born in 1641
- Marie Desmares known as Champmeslé , interprets Racine, born the February 18th 1642
- Rene Robert Cavelier of the Room, discoverer of the Louisiana, born the November 21st 1643
- Jean Jouvenet, painter decorator, born in 1644
- Nicolas Lémery, Chimiste, born the November 17th 1645
- Gabriel Daniel, Historien, born the February 8th 1649
- Nicolas Gueudeville, Historien and Pamphlétaire , born in 1652
- Jean Coustel, painter, born in the last half of the
- Jacques Basnage, Theologist Protesting, born in 1653
- Bernard Bovier de Fontenelle, writer, born the February 11th 1657
- Pierre-Antoine Motteux, Translator and Playwright, born in 1660
- Pierre Dangicourt, Mathematician, born in 1664
- Pierre Courayer, Theologist, born the November 17th 1681
- François d' Agincourt, Type-setter, Organist and harpsichordist, born in 1684
- Paul-Alexandre Guenet, bishop, born in 1688
- Jean Restout, painter, born the March 26th 1692
- Jacques François Blondel, Architect, born in 1705
- Marie-madeleine Hachard, Religious and épistolière, born in 1708
- Andre-Joseph Exaudet, Violonist and Type-setter, born in 1710
- Jeanne Marie Leprince de Beaumont, writer, born the April 26th 1711
- Jacques Duphly, Type-setter, Organist and harpsichordist, born the January 12th 1715
- Louis-Alexandre Dambourney, Botanist, born the May 10th 1722
- Pierre-Denis Vregeon, Physicist, born the September 20th 1723
- Richard-Gontran Lallemant, editor, born the December 18th 1725
- Jean-Baptiste Deshays de Colleville, painter, born in 1729
- Xavier-Felix Lallemant, editor and Translator, born the March 8th 1729
- François-Joseph Lange of Maltière, Physicist, born in 1730
- Marie-Louise O' Murphy, mistress of Louis XV, model of the painter François Butcher, born the October 21st 1737
- the Barber Elder the, writer and painter born the November 11th 1738
- Louis-Guillaume de Lafolie, Physicist and Chemist, born the March 11th 1739
- François Godefroy, engraver, born in 1743
- the young Barber, writer and painter born the October 11th 1743
- Antoine-François Hardy, Politician born in 1756
- Jean-Jacques Lequeu, Architect, born the September 14th 1757
- Nicolas François Mollien, politician, born the February 28th 1758
- Louis Lézurier of Martel, Administrator, born the May 25th 1765
- Jean-Edouard Adam, Chemist manufacturing, born the November 11th 1768
- François-Adrien Boïeldieu, Musician, born the December 16th 1775
- Guérard of Quesnerie, Agronomist, born the October 2nd 1776
- Claude-Nicolas Chatillon, Musician, Type-setter, Poet and Playwright, born the October 14th 1776
- Strong Emmanuel-Pierre, Historian and Archeologist, born in 1779
- Charles-Louis Havas, Publicity agent, born it July 5th 1783
- Pierre Louis Dulong, Physicist and Chemist, born in 1785
- François-Antoine Harel, writer, born in 1789
- Theodore Géricault, painter ( the Raft of the Jellyfish , born the White September 26th 1791
- Spirit, Mental specialist, born the May 15th 1796
- Ulric Guttinguer, Poet and Novelist, born the January 31st 1787
- Armand Carrel, Journalist, born the May 8th 1800
- Theodore-Éloi Lebreton, Poet and Biographer, born on February 1st 1803
- Adolphe Chéruel, Historian, born the January 17th 1809
- Hippolyte de Villemessant, Journalist, born the April 22nd 1810
- Alphonse of Breuil, Horticulturist, born in 1811
- Charles-Ernest de Fréville de Lorme, chartist and Paleographer, born in 1811
- Alfred Duquesnay, Archbishop, born in 1814
- Eugene Christmas, writer, born in 1816
- Gustave Flaubert, writer, born the December 12th 1821
- Alfred Industrial Guérard, , born the May 13rd 1831
- Emile Masqueray, Anthropologist, Ethnologist, Linguist and writer, born the March 20th 1843
- Henri Gadeau de Kerville, Naturalist, born in 1858
- Maurice Leblanc, writer (creative of Arsene Lupin ), born the November 11th 1864
- Charles Nicole, Nobel Prize of medicine, born the September 21st 1866
- Edmond Spalikowski, writer, born in 1874
- Georges Guillain, Neurologist, born in 1876
- Jacques Chastellain, politician, born in 1885
- Marcel Dupre, Organist, born the May 3rd 1886
- Robert Antoine Pinchon, painter , born on July 1st 1886
- Philippe Étancelin, racing driver, born the December 29th 1896
- Pierre Trividic, painter, born the April 12th 1898
- Pierre-Rene Wolf, journalist, born on February 19th 1899
- Armand Salacrou, Dramatic author, born the August 9th 1899
- Theodore Monod, Erudite, Naturalist, born the April 9th 1902
- Bernard Antoinette, Footballer, born in 1914
- Roger Apéry, Mathematician, born in 1916
- Jean Lecanuet, politician, born in 1920
- Jacques Rivette, Realizer, Scenario writer, born on March 1st 1928
- Patrick Herr, politician, born in 1945
- Ass Duperey, Actress and novelist, born in 1947
- Raynald Denoueix, Trainer of Football, born on May 14th, 1948
- François Holland, politician, born the August 12th 1954
- Elise Lucet, Journalist born the May 30th 1963
- Damien Top born the July 13rd 1963 Tenor, Musicologist and Leader, founder of the International festival Albert-Roussel.
- Philippe Torreton, born in 1965, Actor
- Karin Viard, Actress, born the January 24th 1966
- Estelle Lefébure, Mannequin, born the May 11th 1966
- Stephan Charon, Swimmer, born on July 1st 1966
- Laurent Duhamel, is a French international referee of football born on October 10th, 1968
- David Trezeguet, Footballeur, born the October 15th 1977
- Olivier Saladin, actor
- “To go to Rouen” means being whistled in jargon of actors (the public of Rouen had the reputation to be terribly demanding).
- “To drink with car-the-Rigault”, the history of this expression rouennaise resides in the fact that the bishop Eudes Rigaud (dubious orthography) had dissolved a enormous bell which one placed in the Saint-Romain tower of the Cathédrale of Rouen. One gave to drinking at will with the men who made sound this bell, from where the expression “to drink with car-the-Rigault”.
- Friendly! it is thus Rouen, the city with the old streets,
- the city with the hundred bell-towers ringing in the air
- Of which the roughcast face of arrows and needles
- Victor Hugo, the Sheets of autumn
HeraldicWeapons of the town of Rouen:
“Of Mouths to the Paschal lamb of money, the nimbée and circumvented head, carrying a bannerette of very charged with a gold small cross, with the chief bent azure sown of three flowers of gold lily. ”
Tourist monuments and places
InheritanceRouen is classified town of art and history.
Victor Hugo it had called “the city with the hundred bell-towers” and Stendhal “Athens of the Gothic”. Many buildings were damaged by the bombardments of the Second world war but it remains fortunately of many remarkable buildings, monk or not.
- the cathedral Notre-Dame , by Gothic architecture, inspired Claude Monet particularly. It has, with transept crossing, a “Turn-lantern” surmounted by a cast iron arrow which culminates with 151 meters height (highest of France). The Western frontage is framed of two turns, the Saint-Romain tower and Butter the Tour built with the money of the Indulgence S of Lent: this one is a masterpiece of the blazing Gothic. All the history of the stained glass of the 13th century at our days can be read inside the church. In the chorus are some burials of the former dukes of Normandy like that of Rollon, the founder of the duchy, and that of Richard Lion-hearted, which liked the city so much and made deposit its heart in the cathedral after its death. Claude Monet immortalisée it in the series of the “Cathedrals”.
- the abbey Saint-Ouen is of radiant Gothic style. In the past “abbey of Saint-Ouen”, it was one of the monasteries the most powerful Benedictines of Normandy. The work started into 1318 was slowed down by the Guerre One hundred Year old and was completed at the 15th century. After the Revolution, the municipality settles in the old dormitory of the monks. The abbey one which is 137 meters long under 33 meters of vaults, is next to the current Town hall. It shelters splendid large the organ of the romantic factor Aristide Cavaillé-coll.
- the church Saint-Maclou is a blazing jewel of the Gothic art built between 1437 and 1517. It has a gate with five porches decorated with splendid doors out of wooden carved dating from the Rebirth. Near, the aître Saint-Maclou is a strange and exceptional place. Its history goes up with the Grande black Plague of 1348 which killed most of the population. The aître was used as Ossuaire. Today, the unit shelters the regional École of the Art schools and the service of the Inheritance.
- the law courts is one of the most important achievements of the civil Gothic architecture of the end of the Moyen-âge. The building sheltered before the Parlement of Normandy. It would be the work of Rouland the Russet-red one. It was devastated in 1944 and is currently in the course of restoration.
- the Maison sublimates is oldest Jewish Monument of Europe. It is only the Yeshiva (school of the Torah) medieval in the world which was preserved. It is under the main courtyard of the law courts .
- the Gros Horloge is a astronomical Horloge 14th century, located in a construction industry which spans the street of the Gros Horloge and integrates a Beffroi and a Renaissance arch. On the double screen, the single needle points the hour. It appears also “weekly” and the phases of the the Moon are indicated in the higher bull's eye. The Paschal lamb, represented in the center of the arcade, symbolizes the weapons of the city. To also see, on the right face of the Gros Horloge, the Ange S engraved on the stone, of which one who is with back, dissatisfaction with the workmen during construction signs of the clock.
- the church Holy-Jeanne d' Arc was high on the place even Martyr E. This modern church, built by Louis Arretche in 1979, has triple vocation: it is at the same time a church to honor holy Jeanne d' Arc, a civil memorial to commemorate heroin and a place of conservation of the stained glasses of the old Saint-Vincent church, destroyed in 1944.
- the Hôtel of Bourgtheroulde is a splendid private mansion which presents the joint influences of the blazing Gothic and of the Rebirth. It was built in first half of the 16th century by William Rufus, adviser of the Échiquier of Normandy and lord of Bourgtheroulde. It was sold in December 2006 to become during the 2008 first large luxury hotel of the city.
- the Bureau of Finances builds 1509 with 1540 at the request of the cardinal Georges d' Amboise is the oldest monument Renaissance remaining in Rouen. It had the chance not to suffer too much from the Bombardement S of the Second world war, contrary to many other buildings. This building is occupied since 1959 by the Tourist office of Rouen.
- the place of the Old Market was the theater, into full Guerre One hundred Year old, of roughing-hew Jeanne d' Arc, burned alive the May 30th 1431. A large cross was high at the place of roughing-hew. In the middle of the place, the vestiges of the church Saint-Saver were released.
- the Keep or Tour Jeanne d' Arc belonged to the Château builds in 1204 by Philippe Auguste. It is in this castle that Jeanne d' Arc was imprisoned and that was held its lawsuit.
- old the church the St. Lawrence , of Gothic style blazing, whose tower is particularly remarkable. Sold with the Revolution, it was refitted and is today the museum of Secq of the Small towers, sheltering an important collection of Ferronnerie.
- the church Saint-Patrice , built during the Rebirth, and recognized for its exceptional stained glasses, characteristic of the time.
The old cityThe city is also remarkable for the diversity and the richness of its urban fabric: one finds there houses belonging to times varied, since the 14th century until the contemporary time. Rouen is thus one of the most heterogeneous cities of France from the architectural point of view: heterogeneity of the times thus, but also of the materials (the sides of wood, but also stone, or concrete for the buildings of the rebuilding), of the forms or the colors. Contrary to certain traditional cities like Bordeaux or Nancy, Rouen incarnated the model of the romantic city besides, celebrated by Victor Hugo in a famous poem (in Sheets of autumn ). This variety could have been put at evil by the important destruction of the Second world war, which involved the disappearance of districts which among were appreciated tourists pre-war period. As a whole, the rebuilding however respects the characteristics of the old city and, without resorting to the pastiche, tries to propose a certain irregularity of the layouts and forms.
Today the city preserves nearly 2000 houses at wood side of which a thousand were already restored: the streets of the Large-Clock, Saint-Romain, Damiette or Water-of-Robec are from this point of view completely remarkable. Less restored but also less attended by the tourists, the Saint-Vivien districts or Beauvoisine also deserve the turning.
The portSince the the Middle Ages, and even front, the port constitutes a dominating share of the activity of the city because of its strategic situation between Paris and the sea whose Marée S are still perceptible there.
Although it is to 80 km per boat of the Estuaire (6 hours of navigation), the port is at the same time river and maritime because able to receive very important ships (until 280 m length and 150 000 tons). Downstream, the bridges on the the Seine indeed give off a head room of 50 meters while Dragage S permanent maintain a draft of 10 meters minimum.
It should be noted that the effect of the Marée S is sensitive to Rouen.
All confused tonnages, Rouen is only the 28e European port and 5th French, behind Marseilles (the 3rd European), Le Havre (5th), Dunkirk (13th), Saint-Nazaire (18th), but it is the 1st European port for the Céréale S, 1st French for the Farine and the Engrais. The oil traffic is quite less than that of Le Havre, but considerable because of the proximity of the refinery of Small-Crown.
Lastly, largest sailing S of the world gathers in Rouen all the 4 to 5 years. This event was baptized Voiles of freedom in 1989, Armada of freedom in 1994 and Armada of the century in 1999 approximately six million visitors. The last edition, Armada Rouen 2003 in July 2003 accommodated fifty ships, six thousand sailors of twenty different nationalities, ten million visitors, tens of demonstrations and animations… Prochaine edition in 2008.
BridgesAll the bridges between Rouen (Bridge of Normandy, Bridge of Tancarville, Bridge of Brotonne) and the sea can let pass from the ships of strong tonnage.
The first bridges go back to the 9th century. They were rebuilt several times, particularly after the dynamitings and the bombardments of the Second world war. There existed before war a transporter bridge.
Rouen is the first city where the bridges prevent these ships from going up the Seine higher. They however allow the passage of the coasters fluviomaritimes which serve the ports of Limay and of Gennevilliers.
These bridges are, of the downstream upstream:
- Bridge Gustave-Flaubert (in construction), raising bridge;
- Bridge Guillaume-the-Conquering;
- Jeanne-D Bridge' Arc;
- Bridge Boieldieu;
- Bridge Pierre-Crow, passes on the island Lacroix;
- Bridge Mathilde, passes above the island Lacroix;
- Viaduct of Eauplet, known as Bridge with the English , above the island Lacroix.
Parks and Gardens
Botanical garden (85000 M ²)
- Park Antoine de Saint-Exupery (78000 M ²)
- Park Grammont (29000 M ²)
- Garden of the town hall (26000 M ²)
- Garden Pasteur (21700 M ²)
- Public garden Verdrel (9000 M ²)
- And 18 other parks and gardens of district
- 8 theaters (capacity: from 80 with 1 200 places);
- 1 opera (Opera of Rouen/Upper Normandy);
- 5 cinemas (35 rooms);
- 1 exhibition site;
- 7 libraries;
- 1 Media library (Delivery for 2010)
- 1 conservatory
- 1 zenith;
- 1 botanical garden with Greenhouse S (many exposures and conferences).
Every year, since 1988, Rouen accommodates the Festival of the Scandinavian cinema.
the Musée of the Art schools of Rouen gathers an exceptional whole of paintings, drawings and sculptures to which some pieces of furniture and objects of Article are added the fabrics of the Caravage, of Velázquez, Delacroix, Géricault, Modigliani and, of course, Monet and Sisley are most famous.
the museum of antiquities recalls the Gallo-Roman Archéologie and mérovingienne and has a collection of objets d'art, stained glasses and elements of the Moyen-âge and Rebirth and collections Egyptian and Greek.
- the museum Flaubert and of history of the medicine where the native room of Gustave Flaubert is. We find memories of the character there, pharmaceutical ceramics, surgical instruments, documents on the birth and early childhood, of hospital furniture, the statues of saints healers. It there also a garden of medicinal plants.
- the National museum of Education recalls the history of the child and his education since the 16th century illustrated through a choice of paintings and engravings, books of pupils, books for children, of school furniture and teaching equipment.
- the museum of the ceramic has an important collection of earthenware which is centered on the evolution of the rouennaise production and of many other examples.
- the Musée Secq of the Small towers has a single collection with the world of Ferronnerie gathering elements of architecture, signs, Serrure S, stops, tools, jewels, objects of seam and costume.
- the Museum Jeanne-with Arc present of waxes of Jeanne d' Arc, of the facsimiles of manuscripts, the posters and the popular imagery recalling the life and the passage of the Virgin to Rouen.
- the museum Pierre Corneille is installed in the native house of the poet and contains drawings, engravings relative to its life and the first editions of its works.
- the maritime, river and harbor museum recalls the history of the wearing of Rouen, the trades of the port, the sailing ships rouennais, the merchant navy, shipping, naval construction, hunting for the Baleine and polar forwardings of Charcot.
- the Musée of the Large-Clock recalls the history of the Horlogerie in France and in particular that of the Large-Clock of Rouen. The mechanisms of the Large-Clock of 1389 and the Saint-Vivien church of are exposed there. This museum reopened in 2006.
MediaSee also the category Media of High-Normandy .
- Three newspapers for the agglomeration:
- Paris-Normandy (edition of Rouen)
- the Bulletin of the District of Rouen (publication Tuesday)
- free Magazines:
- France 3 Upper Normandy
- Lea (television on the agglomeration rouennaise www.leatv.net)
See also: : Category: Higher learning in Rouen
- Collège Barbey-in Aurevilly
- Collège Boïeldieu
- Collège Bellefonds
- Collège Camille-Claudel
- Collège Camille-Saint-Saëns
- Collège Fontenelle
- Collége Georges-Directs
- Collège Jean-Giraudoux
- Collège Jean-Lecanuet
- Collège Join-Lambert
- Collège Saint-Dominique
- Collège Saint-Victrice
- Collège Sainte-Marie
- College Crow
- College Jeanne-with Arc
- College Gustave-Flaubert
- College Blaise Pascal
- College Camille-Saint-Saëns
- College Join-Lambert
- College Jean-Baptist-of-The-Room
- College Grieu
- Institution Rey
See also: University of Rouen
Sports; Sports equipment
- 11 stages;
- 12 sports halls;
- 21 courts of tennis;
- 14 gymnasia;
- 4 swimming pools;
- 2 skating rinks.
Many sporting licenses: 20 000.
- Athletics : Stade sottevillais 76.
- Baseball : Huskies of the Rouen Baseball 76 are champions of France Elite 2003,2005,2006, champions of Europe (group B) 2004,2006 and finalist of the Coupe of Europe of baseball 2007.
- Football : FC Rouen.
- American football : the Leopards . The seniors are in D3, National championship and went for the third consecutive time in play-offs.
- Hippisme : the Company of the races rouennaises organizes trotting races on the Hippodrome of Rouen-Mauquenchy, which replaced in 2005 the hippodrome of the Heathers.
- Hockey : the Dragons of Rouen were eight times champions of France and once champions of Europe.
- Roller hockey : Spiders of Rouen Hockey Club evolve/move in the French elite (national 1).
- Motonautisme : Rouen accommodates all the one demonstration of international width, the infernal round of the 24 hours speedboat . In 2007, took place the 44e edition of this race which counts for the championship of the world of endurance . This event attracts between 300 and 350.000 people each year on the edges of the Seine.
- General sports : the general sports Filipino Stage of Rouen (SPO Rouen), founded in 1893 pennies the patronage of Saint-Philippe Néri, is one of oldest Norman sporting clubs the. Many sections (football, athletics, Table tennis, etc). Its more great success is its section '' basketball '' whose seniors teams evolve/move with high level (Pro B for the male team).
- Rugby : RC Rouen.
- automobile Sport : a.S. Automobile Norman club organized until 1993 of the races on the mythical circuit of Rouen-the-Essarts, now closed, which accommodated with five recoveries the Grand Prix of France. The construction of a new circuit was envisaged with Mauquenchy, project given up with the construction of the circuit of Nevers Magny-Course.
- Volley ball : the Amicale Layman Canteleu-Maromme Volley-Ball will evolve/move as a Pro B as from the season 2007-08.
- the Foire Saint-Romain is an annual fun fair which lasts approximately a month between at the end of October and at the end of November. It is held on the low quays left bank and is spread out Mathilde bridge with the Guillaume-the-Conquering bridge. It is the first fun fair of province by its size and the second, behind the Foire of the Throne, at the national level. It is also oldest of France, it is indeed old of more than 500 years.
- Since 1989, Rouen organizes a world gathering joining together the sailing ships, old gréements and other warships (see higher, the port). The last demonstration of this gathering, called the Armada , took place of the June 28th to the July 6th 2003. The next one will take place of the 5 with the July 14th 2008.
See also: Public transport rouennais
Rouen has a line (with 2 branches) of prémétro or Tramway (trade name: métrobus) on 15,7 km whose 1,8 km of deep tunnel and 0,5 km of distinct glaze, the lines comprise 31 stations including 5 underground and 1 air. Built in first phase between 1991 and on December 12th, 1994, dates from the inauguration of 11 km line between Rouen, Sotteville-the-Rouen and Grand-Quevilly, then a prolongation into 1997 of 4,7 km towards Saint-Etienne-of-Rouvray the. A project of prolongation towards the CHU is under discussion.
3 lines TEOR (East-West Transport Rouennais) for a great part in exclusive right of way, i.e. it has its own way and an optical guidance with the approach of the stations all equipped for an easy access to handicapped (BHNS) serving the agglomeration with Is in West:
- T1: Mount with the Patients Mount-Saint-Aignan > C.H.U. Charles Nicole Rouen
- T2: Town hall-V. Schœlcher Our-Lady-with-Bondeville > Tamarelle Bihorel
- T3: Bizet Canteleu > Durécu-Lavoisier Darnétal
the network is arranged hierarchically and made up on the one hand of a network braces having the same characteristics of exploitation as the subway or TEOR, and conceived in correspondence with these lines with creation of centers of exchanges, and on the other hand of an urban network and a suburban network complementary.
It includes/understands 27 regular lines of bus (except lines TEOR), including 15 exploited by the TCAR (12 other lines being exploited by sub-contracting companies), 18 lines of shared taxis and 24 lines with school vocation.
6 types of vehicles circulate on lines TCAR:
- standard AGORA and AGORA articulated:
- low Floor and reserved space with the people with reduced mobility.
- O 405 NR standard and O 405 articulated GN:
- GX 117 L (intermediate gauge):
- the 18 lines of shared taxis are served by vehicles of the monospace type.
There is a free carpark for the users of public transport rouennais on the level of the 1st exchanger of A150 to the foot of the future Gustave-Flaubert bridge.
Rail-bound transportsRouen has a multimode main station, the Gare of Rouen Bank-Right-hand side of a frequentation of 4,5 million annual travellers. She had before the Second world war three other stations, the stations of Orleans, of North-Martainville and the Gare of Rouen Bank-Left-Saint-Sever.
- Highway of Normandy A13 Paris-Caen
- Highway A28 Abbeville-Turns
- Highway A150 Rouen-Yvetot (Project of racordement in A29)
- Southern By-pass III (N338 (Fast track enters A13 and the future Gustave-Flaubert bridge))
- Southern By-pass (Opening envisaged spring 2008 (Fast track enters South III and the RD 18th))
- Bridge Gustave-Flaubert (Opening envisaged spring 2008 (Connection between A150 and South III))
- A150 (Highway connecting Barentin to the future Gustave-Flaubert bridge)
- N28 (By-pass Is connecting A28 towards Abbeville to the boulevard of Europe via the Mathilde bridge and the tunnel of the Large-Pond)
- Northern Rocade (Connecting N28 to the north of the tunnel of the Large-Pond to the crossroads of the Half-moon with Maromme (Project of underground passage ** on the level of the crossroads of the Half-moon which will connect the by-pass to A150))
- Western By-pass (Between the highway of Dieppe and A28 towards Turns (In project)
- Large By-pass East (Between the southern by-pass and A28 in north with a connection in A154 (Louviers-Evreux (in project)))
Air transportsRouen is served by the Aéroport Rouen Vallée of the Seine with nearly 50.000 annual passengers.
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