The Rosslyn Chapel or Chapelle of Rosslyn (in the past named Collégiale of St Mathieu ) is a church which was built at the 15th century in the village of Roslin, in the Midlothian in Scotland. It was drawn by William Sinclair (alternative orthography " St Clair") Family Sinclair, a noble family Scottish going down from the Norman knights of Saint-Clearly and, according to the legend, related to the Knights of the Temple. The construction of the vault started in 1440 - although the official date of foundation is 1446 - and was completed forty years later.
StructureThe Fouille S realized at the XIXe century suggest that the vault formed part formerly of a larger unit, whose construction would have been stopped with died of William Sinclair. However certain authors emit the theory according to which the western wall of the vault would be in fact a representation of the Wailing Wall of Jerusalem and that it thus makes part of the structure like decorative piece, more than to be a proof of the will of extension of the church, which would have given him dimensions of a Cathédrale. Let us add that the vault of Rosslyn resembles the chorus much is cathedral of Glasgow.
The vault is known for two of its pillars: the pillar of the Apprentice and the pillar of the Master , each side of the pillar of the Craftsman. These two pillars have different sculptures. The legend wants that the master mason started the realization of what one names today the pillar of the apprentice, until the day when feeling unable to finish it, it leaves in study trip to Rome in order to improve his competences. During his absence, its apprentice finished itself work, which started the anger of the Master-mason who killed the apprentice.
Freemasons think see there the pillars of Boaz and Jachin of the Temple of Jerusalem. The vault is supported by 13 pillars, a fourteenth pillar between those of before last pair creates a separation between the nave and the vault of the Virgin.
- Official site of Rosslyn Chapel
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