Roscanvel ( Breton Roskañvel in ) is a common department of the Finistere, in the area Brittany, in France. Its inhabitants are the roscanvelists . Its population was of 1016 in 2005, although like much by zone close to the littoral, it increases during the summer periods.
It is located on a peninsula.
MonumentsThe commune of Roscanvel has the church Saint-Eloi, style XVIIe century. It undergoes a fire in 1956, and was given in state.
One can always visit it today although there is no more priest.
This monument immediately visible, because is located in the borough of the commune. For those which visit a little more the peninsula, they will be able to find there the Fort of the Point of the Spaniards, the fort of the port, the point of Cornwall, the fort of the Îlot of the Capuchins and the Fort of Fraternity.
HistoryThe name Roscanvel could come from two possible translation of the Breton one. On the first part of the name, “Ros”, everyone seem to agree on the fact that would come from Breton “the Roz” (the hillock, the mount or the hill). That diverges for the continuation:
- “canvel” would come from the name of anybody “Kadmael” (Kad = combat; Mael = prince). Kadmael is evoked in Cartulaire de Landévennec (11th century) in the Latin form “Catamugli”.
- It could also come from Breton “kant” (hundred) “avel” (wind), to give “the mount to the hundred winds”.
Originally the territory of Roscanvel belonged to the parish of Plougrozon (Crozon). At the 5th century, the territory of Roscanvel is the property of the Breton chief Catmaël. This territory is yielded to the abbey of Landévennec. Then in 1173, Roscanvel (dunes of Roscoatmaël) is bequeathed by the counts of Leon to the abbey of Daoulas which installs a priory-cure there. The parish of Roscanvel depended formerly on old évêché on Cornwall.
Following names are met: Roscatmagli (about 1050), Roscanvel (in 1173, in 1218, and 1535).
The Latin currency of the " commune; By Rosa" result from a word game into Breton between " Rozkañvel" and " Roz heñvel" (" similar to the rose").
Roscanvel is the cradle of Emmanuel-Jean the Evangelist the Nice one, baron de Quélern, knight of the Empire (1773-1843) which accompanied the general Bonaparte at the time of sound Expédition by Egypt. Member of the Commission of Egypt, the baron Gentil of Quélern contributed to the drafting of “the description of Egypt”, works monumental, published of 1809 to 1828, composed of 9 volumes of text and 10 volumes of boards accompanied by an atlas and a topographic chart.
- Site of the commune of Roscanvel
- Personal site on Roscanvel
See tooCommunes of the Peninsula of Crozon:
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