OriginOriginating in Lithuania, Romanov (in Russian: Рома́нов) are established in Russia at the 14th century. This family of boyards holds her name of Zakharine Novel, whose girl Anastasia married the tsar Ivan IV Terrible the. The children of the brother of Anastasia, Nikita, adopt the name of Romanov in the honor of their grandfather. The grandson of Nikita, Michel Feodorovitch, chosen by the Zemski Sobor, is the first Romanov tsar in 1613 thanks to the action of Kouzma Minine.
Succession with the imperial throne
The male descent of first Romanov dies out in 1762 with the death of the empress Elisabeth Ire Lenient the. The Russian imperial throne passes then to the branch of Holstein-Gottorp of the house of Oldenbourg, in the person of the tsar Pierre III. This one perpetuated the name of Romanov since all its descendants until Nicolas II included took it again. The Russian branch of Holstein-Gottorp is still represented today, the place of applicant to the Russian throne being disputed between prince Nicolas Romanov and the Maria large-duchess of Russia.
SovereignsIn 1721, Pierre Ier issues that the Latin title of Empereur must be used in place of its Slavic equivalent Tsar . It becomes thus emperor of Russia , although the title of tsar remains usually used in Russia and in the remainder of the Europe.
Tsars of Russia
- 1645 - 1676: Alexis Ier Peaceful the
- 1676 - 1682: Fédor III
- 1682 - 1696: Ivan V
- 1696 - 1721: Pierre Ier Large the
- 1721 - 1725: Pierre Ier Large the
- 1725 - 1727: Catherine Ire
- 1727 - 1730: Pierre II
- 1730 - 1740: Anne Ire
- 1741 - 1762: Elisabeth Anger Lenient the
- 1762 - 1762: Pierre III
- 1762 - 1796: Catherine II
- 1796 - 1801: Paul Ier
- 1801 - 1825: Alexandre Ier
- 1825 - 1855: Nicolas Ier
- 1855 - 1881: Alexandre II
- 1881 - 1894: Alexandre III
- 1894 - March 3rd 1917: Nicolas II
- March 3rd 1917 - March 3rd 1917: Michel II
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