Romano Prodi (born the August 9th 1939 with Scandiano, Reggio of Emilie, Italy, resident with Bologna) is an economist and a Politician Italy N pertaining to the coalition of parties of the center-left the Union. Its main component is the Union of which he became the president at the time of the constitution of the federation the February 26th 2005. He is honorary president of the European Democratic party.
Romano Prodi is doctor in right of the Université catholic of the Sacred Heart of Milan and postgradué of the London School off Economics. It started its university career with the section of economy and the faculty of Political sciences of the Université of Bologna, where it worked as assistant since 1963, then as assistant professor in 1966 and finally as professor of 1971 to 1999, teaching the Industrial engineering and the Industrial policy. He was professor invited near the Université Stanford in 1968 and with the Université Harvard in 1974.
Parallel to the university education, R. Prodi undertook an intense research activity which was directed towards “the development of the small and medium-size companies and the industrial parks”, “the Politique of competition”, “the study of the relations between State and market”, “the policies of privatization”, “the central role played by the school systems in the promotion of economic development and social cohesion”, “the process of European integration” and, following the Chute of the Berlin Wall, the dynamics of the various “models of capitalism. ”
In the international economic literature, he is considered among the founders of the “Italian School of industrial economy” with Giacomo Becattini, Franco Momigliano and Paolo Sylos Labini.
He was initially member of the Italian Parti the Christian Democrat. From November 1978 in March 1979, Romano Prodi was Minister of Industry under the government of Giulio Andreotti.
In 1982 Giovanni Spadolini appoints it president of the Istituto per ricostruzione industriale (or IRI: the institute for the industrial rebuilding), load which it will hold until 1989 while succeeding in improving the economy of the group. Then in 1993 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi recalls it to the task to proceed to the privatization of a good part of the Holding, mission which it enclosed the following year.
In 1995 he was the founder of the coalition and the project of center-left Olivier, where he was designated as candidate with the presidency of the Council of Ministers to the elections of April 1996. These elections saw Olivier overriding the coalition of center-droite, and Romano Prodi in May 1996, was charged by the president with the Republic with forming the new government.
He exerted the functions of president of the Italian Council of Ministers of the May 18th 1996 with the October 9th 1998, succeeding Lamberto Dini. Its government falls following an inversion from alliance in its coalition and it itself is replaced by Massimo D' Alema (1st government).
He was the president of the European commission September 1999 with the November 22nd 2004. Under its presidency there was, inter alia innovations; adoption of the single currency, the Euro, on January 1st, 2002 for eleven countries of the European Union. The entry of ten new countries within the Union on May 1st, 2004: Cyprus, the Estonia, the Latvia, the Lithuania, Malta, the Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovakia, the Slovenia and the Hungary. The signature, with Rome on October 29th, 2004, of the Treated establishing a Constitution for Europe.
The October 16th 2005, at the time of primary new in Italy, Romano Prodi was elected as leader of the left for the legislative elections of April 2006, thus melting Unione, a coalition of center-left gathering of the parties going of the extreme left in the center.
The 9 and April 10th 2006, the Union gain accuracy the legislative elections 2006 in Italy, with a majority of 63 seats to the Room (more one independent) and of 2 seats to the Senate. Romano Prodi thus succeeds Silvio Berlusconi with the presidency of the Council the May 17th 2006. Its majority, however highly disputed by Berlusconi, who disputes legitimacy of it, succeeds in electing with the presidency of the Republic Giorgio Napolitano (81 years, the first post-Communist to be reached the highest load of the Republic), then to elect the presidents of the Senate and House of Commons (Fausto Bertinotti, communist leader of the Partito della Rifondazione Comunista) (Franco Marini, former trade union leader).
Romano Prodi also obtains successes, more marked much, against the line of Berlusconi to the administrative elections of May 2006 and the referendum of June 2006, where 62% of the Italians rejected a reform of the Constitution wanted by the Berlusconi government and only voted by her members of Parliament (what made necessary the referendum to confirm it or push back it) in order to support the areas of North, more rich person, by excluding the possibility for the citizens of being made look after in Areas different from that where one saw, and erase the majority of the capacities of the president of the Republic to entrust them to the Prime Minister. These two votes would have had, according to the intentions of Berlusconi, sure to gain, make fall the Prodi government which leaves there more extremely than front.
Finding itself in minority with the Senate on its foreign policy (in Afghanistan), it presents the resignation of sound government the evening of the February 21st 2007. The president of the Italian Republic Giorgio Napolitano announces the February 24th 2007 qu ' it refuses his resignation and asks him to present its government before the Parliament to obtain confidence (162 votes for, 157 against with the Senate; without formality with the Room). After this crisis, its government seems reinforced, in spite of the exiguity of its senatorial majority.
It is discussed because of its support to the civil unions for the homosexual ones. That put it in conflict with the Church and cost him political supports which were critical for him.
- List of the current leaders
External bondsOfficial site of Romano Prodi
Official site of the Italian government
Official site of Olivier
Beats-smg: Romano Prodi Roa-tared: Romano Prodi Simple: Romano Prodi Zh-min-nan: Romano Prodi
|Random links:||Medieval architecture | Edward Sloman | Louis Peglion | Swiss Steel | Final devoicing | Pierre_Samuel_dupont_de_Nemours|