The rider , of Latin scutiger or " scutarius" (one also finds like synonym scutifer or armiger ) is, at the origin, a gentleman which accompanied a knight and carried his ecu. From there, rider was employed as titrates for an young man who prepares with becoming knight. The term then became, at the time modern, a row held by all noble the not titrated (abbreviation: EC.). A rider has right, in Belgium, with the predicate " Messire" in the place of " Monsieur" (" Dame" instead of " Madame").
Riders at the time of the knightsThe knights, at the time of the Tournament S, were to present their weapons in order to be identified. They were assisted in that by their rider, young man charged to hold to them ecu armorié. In general, the rider also dealt with the equipment of the knight and sound Cheval, and he learned the trade from knight; this explains the directions derived from rider like apprentice knight, then as acrobat with horse (with the Cirque).
When distinctive figures decorate the ecu, the rider who carries the ecu can represent the knight, even in his absence. The rider who carries the ecu on his chest is besides undoubtedly at the origin of holding, in the ornaments external of the Armoiries, since the five principal areas of the ecu (chief, heart, sides dextral and sinistral, point) precisely return to the parts of the body of this one. As the rider is seen of face, “dextral” and “sinistral” are reversed into heraldic compared to their primitive significance: the dextral one of the rider is with the left of the observer, and conversely.
Modern offices of ridersFrom XVIe century appear, in the courses princely, of the loads of rider without relationship with the knighthood. There exist different offices riders: the Master of the Horse who with the load of the horses of the Court and the rider slicing , which cuts out the royal meat; at the Court of France, there is also a first rider who also deals with the horses of the Court.
List Masters of the Horse of France
- 1526 - 1546: Jacques de Genouillac (known as Galiot de Genouillac), Lord of Assier
- 1580 - 1639: Roger de Saint-Lary, duke of Bellegarde
- 1639 - 1643: Henri Coiffier de Ruzé d' Effiat, marquis of Five-March
- 1643 - 1666: Henri of Lorraine, count d' Harcourt
- 1666 - 1677: Louis of Lorraine, count d' Armagnac
- 1677 - 1718: Henri of Lorraine, count de Brionne
- 1718 - 1752: Charles of Lorraine, count d' Armagnac
- 1752 - 1761: Louis-Charles of Lorraine, count de Brionne
- 1761 - 1790: Charles-Eugene of Lorraine, Prince de Lambesc, Count de Brionne, Tweed Duke and Par of France
- 1790 - 1798: Charles Marie Balthazar SEZILLE count of Mazancourt
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