The passes from Khyber or “passes from Khaibar” is a long passage of 58 kilometers (36 miles) sinuant between the mounts Safed Koh and Kachmund which belong to the Hindū-Kūsh. It is one of the most important passages between the Afghanistan and the Pakistan.
The master key - which since 1878 is under Pakistani control on the majority its length - moves to the North-West of Peshawar towards Kabul. It comprises a road since 1879 and a railway line cash not less than 34 tunnels and 92 bridges builds during the Années 1920 at the astronomical price of more than 2 million £ivres Sterlings. At its narrowest point, the master key makes only 15,85 meters (52 feet) broad and it widens sometimes up to 1600 meters.
It begins with 18 kilometers from Peshawar at the height from Jamrud (built in 1823 by Sikhs, where the famous general Hari Singh died and buried). A stone arch of medieval style, the Bab-i-Khyber was set up in 1964 whole close to the fort at the same time as a platform of observation intended for the dignitaries. The master key culminates (to 1.067 m) at the contrebandière city of Landi Kotal, located at 8 kilometers of the Afghan border, and finishes in Torkham.
The armies benefitted from the master key since 330 av. J. - C. when Alexandre Large the and its army crossed it to reach the India. The master key of Khyber one of most famous universally, and is impressed of heavy passed, often violent one because used within the framework of invasions. Persians, the Mongols and the Tartars also crossed it to spread the Islam in India.
It accommodated also in January 1842 Dr. William Brydon, only survivor (European) of a column of 16.500 soldiers and civil British carried out by inefficient General William Elphinstone and decimated by Ghilzaï warriors to the master key of Andamak (between Kabul and Jalalabad). This place remains a quiet witness of major historical events for this area of the world where, according to George Molesworth, “ it is not a stone which was not already tinted of blood ”.
Nowadays, the master key of Khyber is crossed by two main roads, one for the motorized traffic, the other (slightly higher) for the traditional caravans. The road connects mainly the town of Kabul to that of Peshawar. This zone is with dominant Pashtoune.
Simple: Khyber Not
|Random links:||Guy XI of Laval | Militant forces | Ballads & Blues | May 26th in sport | Impasse de la Poupée|