The Revolution brabançonne , sometimes called " against-révolution" , is held in the Austrian Netherlands between 1787 and 1790, under the reign of Joseph II of Austria. This revolution is a rejection of the reforms progressists of Joseph II, and led in 1790 to the creation of the State-Belgium-Plain , which last only one year.
Causes of the revolutionJoseph II arrives at the capacity in 1781, following the death of his/her mother Marie-Therese of Austria (1740-1780). Emperor of Austria, he is also duke of the Brabant and prince of Hainaut. Lit despot, it tries to impose many centralizing reforms on the Austrian Netherlands, but does not pass by the usual protocol, which causes an opposition.
Reforms of Joseph IISeveral of the reforms of Joseph II set up certain claims of the French revolution.
At the economic levelIt removes the payments of the corporations relating to the recruiting.
The Edict eternal of 1786 imposes freedom of movement of the grains. But this measurement falls badly because it coincides with a terrible deficiency frumentaire, accentuated thus by speculative exports.
It cause a drop in the feudal royalties, removes the Corvée S and the Droits banal.
At the religious levelIt more tightens the control of the State on the Church. The clergy cannot censure the State any more, and the bishops must lend a civil oath.
Valorization of the civil wedding and the divorce and abolition of the concept of crime of heresy. Joseph II establishes the freedom of conscience and authorizes the frequentation of the schools of noncatholic confession.
The contemplative orders see their confiscated goods. The collected money is used with construction of hospital and schools.
At the legal levelIt prohibits the practice of the Torture and imposes only one justice of State, putting thus fine at justice clergy.
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