See also: Coty
Rene Jules Gustave Coty , born the March 20th 1882 with the Harbor, dead the November 22nd 1962 with the Harbor, is a statesman French, whose career culminated with its election with the presidency of the French Republic in 1954.
Its beginningsRene Coty was marked by the political and religious convictions of his family. Studies of Right, Letters, Philosophy. Specialized in Maritime law and commercial. Lawyer registered with the bar of the Harbor, it also pleads with the civil there and the penal .
To advise district radical socialist in 1907 and city council man Le Havre in 1908. Lawyer of the trade unionist Jules Durand in 1910 in a business which inspired Salacrou in Boulevard Durand . General adviser of Seine-Lower as of 1913.
Appointed since 1923, it succeeds however Jules Siegfried which it moves away from the Radical party to approach the republican Union and joint with the group of the Républicains of left. He is under-secretary of State inside the from December 13rd to 23rd 1930 in the cabinet Theodore Steeg.
Senator since 1936, it votes the full powerss with the Maréchal Pétain in 1940. Ineligible for this reason with the release, he is rehabilitated as of 1945 for his attitude. During the Second constituent National Assembly (1944-46) it chairs the group of the Republican-Independent it.
Post-war periodRene Coty is Minister for the Rebuilding and Town planning in the Gouvernement Robert Schuman (1) from November 24th, 1947 to July 26th, 1948, in the Gouvernement Andre Marie from July 26th to September 5th, 1948 and in the Gouvernement Robert Schuman (2) from September 5th to September 11th, 1948.
ElectionVice-president of the the Council of the Republic in 1948, it approached his soixante-douze years at the end of 1953 and one hardly thought of him to succeed the Elysium Vincent Auriol. But, for the first time, whereas up to that point the president of the Republic was quickly elected, the polls lasted for ever at the time of the election of 1953: Joseph Laniel, right-wing candidate, never managed to obtain the absolute majority, necessary in this kind of election. After the tenth turn, it was withdrawn with the profit of Louis Jacquinot, which made even less better, passing even below its socialist rival, Marcel-Edmond Naegelen; it was withdrawn in its turn with the profit of Rene Coty which, without being candidate, had obtained sixty-and-eleven voice. This time, the new right-wing candidate passed from start to twelve votes of the absolute majority; one decided to proceed immediately to the thirteenth turn and Rene Coty was largely elected (December 23rd 1953) to take up duty the January 16th 1954.
President of the RepublicIn narrow attributions that the Constitution gave him, it acted with smoothness and dignity, quickly becoming very popular in the heart of the French. One was struck exclamation of his wife, Germaine Coty, when she learned the election from her husband: “And to say that I have just returned my coal for the winter! ”, sentence which was worth the contempt of the snobs and the affection of the people to him. It was shown besides extremely charitable during its short passage to the Elysium (it died in November 1955) so much so that one lives many good people to pour tears.
Call to the de Gaulle GeneralIn May 1958, Rene Coty calls “upon most famous of the French”, De Gaulle. To counter the opposition of the National Assembly dominated by the Left, he threatens to resign at once in the event of refusal of nomination of the General, which would have most probably caused a military coup d'etat. This threat made yield the Left, which dominated with the National Assembly. He then entrusts to the general de Gaulle the task to constitute a government. On this subject, Pierre Mendès France will declare later: “ It is because the Parliament lay down that there no was coup d'etat! ”. The Constitution of the Fifth Republic is promulgated on October 4th and it transmits its capacities to the general on January 8th 1959 by declaring “the first of the French is from now on the first in France”. He will disapprove however the recourse to the Référendum to decide presidential election with the Vote for all in 1962.
End of its lifeMember of right of the Constitutional council and elected to the Academy of Science morals and political. The de Gaulle general pronounces his praise at the time of the funerals celebrated with the Havre the November 27th 1962. To characterize the personality of Rene Coty, it quoted Jean of the Heather. Modesty is with the merit what the shades are with the figures in a table: it gives him force and relief (Charles de Gaulle, Speech and messages for the effort. 1962-1965 ).
- Once elected President, Rene Coty called upon Marvellous-Duvignaud Charles as General secretary of the Elysium. This last did not wish it and multiplied the objections, always pushed back by Coty. With court of ideas, impétrant it the USA of this supreme argument: " Mr. President, I am not republican… " to which Coty retorted: " Me either! ". At this time, Marvellous-Duvignaud Charles accepted the station.
the spy of the film OSI 117: Cairo, nest of spies very often refers to Rene Coty in his counterparts.
the principal shopping mall of Le Havre bears its name today. Inaugurated in 2000, the Shopping mall Rene Coty is largest of High-Normandy.
- Site of the French Senate
- Files of the French Senate
- the citizen of Le Havre
- Biography of Rene Coty on the site of the presidency of the Republic
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