See also: Cassin (homonymy)
Rene Cassin (born on October 5th 1887 with Bayonne; died on February 20th 1976 with Paris), was a lawyer, diplomatic French. It accepted the Nobel Prize of peace in 1968 for its work during the development of the Universal declaration of the human rights.
Rene Cassin was the son of a tradesman of Forbach in Lorraine. Born Jewish parents (his mother, born Dreyfus, was of Alsatian origin and his/her father went down from established Italian Jews to Nice), Rene Cassin followed passionately, whereas it was adolescent, the echoes of the business Dreyfus. After having attended the College Masséna of Nice, he studied the right to Aix-en-Provence and Paris. He also obtained a doctorate in right. In 1914, in spite of brilliances results at the school of the reserve officers during his military service, it is as private whom it is mobilized. In 1920, he became professor at the university of Lille, station which he occupied until 1929, thereafter he was professor with the Sorbonne.
Its action during the Second world war
Between 1924 and 1938, Rene Cassin was representing France with the Société of the Nations. In 1940, it left France and followed Charles de Gaulle to London to help it in its call to the continuation of the war against the Nazi Germany. Consequently it was private of its French nationality and was condemned to death in absentia by the Régime of Vichy. With the de Gaulle general it founded the free France, the free force of combat French within the British army. Rene Cassin negotiated his statute with Winston Churchill and was the appointed secretary of the council of defense under the de Gaulle general. From 1941 to 1943, he was national government commissioner from free France in London and in 1944, he made left the initiators of the French Comité of the national Release to Algiers and chair legal commission, in which he prepared the bases of the French legislation according to the Second world war.
Political career according to war
After the war, Rene Cassin was vice president of the Council of State of 1944 to 1960. In parallel, he was also president of the national school of administration of 1946 to 1960. From 1946 to 1958, it was moreover representing France with the the United Nations. He was the principal initiator of the universal declaration of the human rights, of which he wrote itself a great part.
Since 1945, it made left the founders of UNESCO. From 1959 to 1965, he became vice-president of the European Cour of the human rights, then of 1965 to 1968, he was the president.
He accepted in 1968, the Nobel Prize of peace primarily for its work on the declaration of the human rights came years before and for its engagement in its diffusion and its implementation. In 1969, it employed the money of the Nobel Prize in the foundation of the International institute of the human rights (IIDH).
He died in Paris in 1976.
Distinctions and rewards
- Nobel Prize of peace in 1968.
- Prize winner of the price of the United Nations for the human rights in 1968.
- Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor.
On the encyclopedia
Establishments which bear its name
Elementary school Rene Cassin de Noisy on School (77)
- Elementary school Rene Cassin de Monbert (44)
- Elementary school Rene Cassin of St Alban Leysse (73)
- College Rene Cassin of Ballan-Reflected (37)
- College Rene Cassin of Cernay (68)
- College Rene Cassin of the Hinge-Pontouvre (16)
- College Rene Cassin of Balsam-the-Ladies (25)
- College Rene Cassin of Tourrette-Levens (06)
- College Rene Cassin of Agde (34)
- College Rene Cassin of Tarascon (13)
- College Rene Cassin of Wizernes (62)
- French College Rene Cassin de Fianarantsoa (Madagascar)
- College Rene Cassin of Holy Orens (31)
- College Rene Cassin of Vielmur-on-Agout (81)
- College Rene Cassin de Corbas (69960)
Technical school and Commercial Rene Cassin of [[Strasbourg]] (67) -
- College of mainstream education Rene Cassin of Bayonne (64)
- Vocational school Rene Cassin of Metz (57)
- Technical school Rene Cassin of Noisiel (77)
- College of mainstream education Rene Cassin of Winnowing machine (69)
- College of mainstream education Rene Cassin of Montfort-on-Meu (35)
- College Rene Cassin of Oslo
- Vocational school Rene Cassin of Montigny-in-Ostrevent (59)
- College of mainstream education and professional Rene Cassin de Mâcon (71)
- general-purpose College Rene Cassin, Raincy (93)
- Vocational school Rene Cassin, 16th district of Paris (75)
- Center Port-Royal Rene Cassin (University of Paris I)
On InternetOfficial sites: free of access but nonfree of rights
- “Rene Cassin (1887/1976): The defender of the Human rights”, Police headquarter of Paris, rights reserved.
- “Rene Cassin, one of the fathers of the Universal declaration of the human rights”, French Ministry of the Foreign affairs, rights reserved.
- “Rene Cassin (1887-1976)”, Council of State, © Copyright Council of State 2002.
- Rene Cassin on the site of JurisPedia.
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