The regicide has a direction and connotations different according to the contexts in which it is employed. As a name, the first direction is that of the Assassinat political, villainous or demented person of a Monarque. The second direction is that of the Capital punishment pronounced by an assembly which assumed the Légitimité to pronounce this sentence.
When a person of regicide is qualified, the direction can appear pejorative: “a Conventional regicide” (V. Result by department of the poll on the four questions put at the time of the lawsuit of Louis XVI). For example the term of regicide was employed by the extremists at the time of the Restauration with an aim of stigmatizing the members with the Republican party.
SanctionIn France of the Old Mode, a regicide or even an attempt at regicide is punished by quartering. This ultimate sentence is explained by the statute of the King, which claims to represent the divine capacity as a " oint of Dieu" like the kings of Israel.
To the XVIIIème century, however, the sorrow planned for regicide had been brought back to the sorrow parricides usual: the right hand cut as a sign of atonement followed by decapitation.
This complication of the capital punishment, intended to reinforce the horror of the crime by that of the punishment, was abolished with the Restauration.
- Jacques Clement (Henri III)
- François Ravaillac (Henri IV)
- Louis Pierre Louvel (duke of Berry, the oldest son of Charles X)
- Jean Châtel (Henri IV)
- Robert François Damiens (Louis XV)
- Giuseppe Fieschi (Louis-Philippe)
- Guy Fawkes (Jacques I)
Regarded as (vote of died of Louis XVI):
- Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès
- Lazare Carnot
- Jean-Baptiste Carrier
- Georges-Jacques Danton
- Jacques-Louis David
- Camille Desmoulins
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