Railway network of Alsace-Lorraine
HistoryThe company of State of the Railroads of Alsace and Lorraine , Al , was created the June 19th 1919 the shortly after the First World War following the recovery of the network: Kaiserliche Generaldirektion der Eisenbahnen in Elsass-Lothringen (Imperial Railway network of Alsace-Lorraine or EL) and whose Compagnie of the railroads of the East did not want to be occupied.
With its last inventory, with the December 31st 1937, Al had 1 332 Locomotive S, 45 967 Coach S, 3 390 cars, 34 Rail-car S, 83 coaches posts and 1 065 vans. It employed 39 039 railwaymen, for 2 320 km of railway lines.
There was at the time the Compagnie of North, the the Paris-Lyon-Mediterranean (PLM), the Paris-Orleans (PO), the Réseau of the State, and the network of the East. The day before its integration in the SNCF on January 1st 1938, the network Al was the only one to have positive accounts.
Extended from the network
The network of Al offers, compared to the other French railway networks of the same time, some characteristics.
- It is the only one to also manage a foreign network: indeed since 1871, returns with the EL, then with Al the exploitation of the railway network Guillaume-Luxembourg. This management will be taken again by the SNCF until creation on May 14th 1946 of CFL (National company of the railroads Luxembourg).
- Its extent is not very important (a little more than 2000 kilometers in 1919) and comprises only few principal lines: Strasbourg - Mulhouse - Basle, Strasbourg - Nancy and Luxembourg - Metz. The remainder of the network is primarily made up of small secondary lines, often in dead end. Recorded maximum speeds are of this fact not very important.
- It results from this a park vapor characteristics with few engines speed (standard S) and a big number of engines-tender (standard T) mixed (travellers and goods).
- Being made up on the bases of a German rail network, it keeps strong characteristics of them: circulation on the right (in the remainder of France, the trains circulate on the way of left), indication of the type unified German, material essentially of Prussian design. The buildings (primarily stations) were the subject of a neat design: they were " the image and the vitrine" Germany with the doors of France.
List driving material of Al
Engines with vaporThe origins of the machines having circulated on the Alsace-Lorraine network between on June 19th 1919 (creation date of Al) and on December 31st 1937 (date of its integration in the SNCF) are varied:
locomotive of the old network of the Reicheisenbahnen in Elsass-Lothringen " EL" (Imperial Railroads of Alsace-Lorraine),
- locomotive allemandes recovered on the ground of Alsace-Lorraine at the conclusion of the First World War (spoil of war),
- locomotive allemandes allotted as repair, directly affected to Al or after purchase near other French companies,
- locomotive built directly for Al between 1919 and 1937.
The classification of the engines with vapor rests on the same system as that into force for the administration of the royal Railroads of Prussia (KPEV) . It was adopted by network EL in 1906, was revised definitively in 1912 and was preserved by the French administration of Al:
Standard S - Schnellzuglokomotiv , engine for express train,
- Standard P - Personnenzuglokomotiv , engine for passenger train,
- Standard G - Güterzuglokomotiv , engine for goods train,
- Standard T - Tenderlokomotiv , Engine-tender.
The engines of Al carried one uniformly delivered very sober since black. Only the cross-pieces of pluggings were painted in red. Those carried (when the place allowed it) on the left indication A.L and on the right the number of the machine; if not this information was related to plates laid out on the door of and back the Smoke-box of the tender (or of the fuel compartment).
On the sides of the machine, three engraved plates were visible: the first carried the indication of company (Al), the second, that of the type of the machine ( T14 , G7 , etc) and the third carried the serial number. In general, these three plates were fixed on the wall of the shelter in the order indicated, but the last could be affixed on the Smoke-box.
Until the middle of the Twenties, certain engines could preserved delivered to them ex EL: shelter, cylinders and boiler out of green-olive (RAL 6003), wheels and part located under the apron red-brown (RAL 8012), roof of the shelter, smoke-box and chimney in black.
Lastly, the Alsace-Lorraine being annexed by Germany lasting the Second world war, the engines preserved (or found) their number of Al; this one was painted on metal plates fixed on the four faces of the machines. No other information was indicated.
- S3 201 to 240 - Class 220 - Excess
- S5 501 to 564 - Class 220 - Excess
- S9 901 to 980 and 981 to 986 - Class 230 - Ten Wheels
- S10 1150 to 1162 - Class 230 - Ten Wheels
- S10.1 1101 to 1122 - Class 230 - Ten Wheels
- S12 1301 to 1308 - Class 231 - Pacific
- S14 1311 to 1370 - Class 231 - Pacific
- S16 1401 and 1402 - Class 231 - Pacific
- P6 2100 to 2102 - Class 130 - Mogul
- P7 - Class 230 - Ten Wheels
- P8 - Class 230 - Ten Wheels
- G1 1002,1019,1025,1036 and 1039 - Class 030
- G2 1040 to 1100 and 1251 to 1291 - Class 030 - Al inherited about thirty G2 reformed between 1920 and 1932
- G3 1215 to 1248 - Classe 030 - a score of machines preserved by Al and reformed between 1921 and 1924
- G4 and G4.1 3801 to 3893 - Classe 030
- G5 3994 to 4215 and 4219 to 4273 - Classe 130 - Mogul
- G7.1 4301 to 4320 and G7.2 4321 with 4351 - Class 040
- G8 5380 to 5389 and 5391 to 5393 - Class 040
- G8.1 5001 to 5138,5151 to 5287 and 5301 to 5372 - Class 040
- G10 5401 to 5435 and 5437 to 5455 - Class 050
- G10 5436 - Class 050
- G11 5501 to 5547 - Class 150 - Decapod
- G12 5563 to 5689 - Class 150 - Decapod
- G12.1 5546 to 5562 - Class 150 - Decapod
- G14 5701 to 5761 and 5801 to 5822 - Class 140 - Consolidation - Locomotive type “Pershing”
- G16 5901 and 5902 - Class 151 - Santa-Fe
- T1 2006 - Class 020T
- T2 2030,2032 - Class 120T
- T2 2044 - Class 030T
- T3 2045 to 2113 and 6142 to 6144 - Class 030 T
- T4 2134,2136 to 2144 and 6401 to 6410 - Class 120T
- T5 2145 and 2146 and T5 6601 to 6637 - Class 122 T
- T9.1 7188 - Class 031 T
- T9.3 7051 to 7193 - Class 130 T - Mogul
- T11 7300 and 7301 - Class 130 T - Mogul
- T12 7701 to 7729 - Class 130 T - Mogul
- T13 7901 to 7964 - Class 040 T
- T14 8501 to 8546 and 8551 to 8556 - Class 141 T - Mikado
- T16 8101 to 8112 and T16.1 8113 to 8118 - Class 050T
- T17 8301 to 8366 - Class 232T - Baltic
- T18 8401 to 8427 - Class 232T - Baltic
- T19 8201 to 8213 - Classify 151T - Santa-Fe
- T20 8601 to 8630 - Classe 242T - Northern
- Railroads in Alsace-Lorraine
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