Radio Courtesy is defined as “the free radio of the real country and of the Francophonie” and “open to all the right declares, of Bayrou to Le Pen”; others, Christiane Chombeau, of the newspaper Le Monde , regard it as opened with the right-hand side and the extreme right-hand side .
In September 1981, Bernadette d' Angevilliers and Philippe Malaud, former minister for the General de Gaulle and Georges Pompidou, create Radio Solidarity. This free radio is close to the RPR and the UDF.
At the time, Jean Ferré is chronicler of radio and Télévision to the Figaro Magazine , of which it was one of the founders with Louis Pauwels. Its chronicles, favorable to Radio Solidarity, point out it and Bernadette d' Angevilliers proposes to him to collaborate in the radio.
In May - June 1982, Jean Ferré creates on the waves the formula of the “Free Newspaper”: one hour and half of emission each evening around a guest pertaining to the political right-hand side. This formula will be taken again in Radio Courtesy.
Jean Ferré proposes that one opens the radio on “all the lines”. Thus Serge de Beketch is invited to direct an emission each Wednesday evening. But, following the European elections of 1984, this opening will be worth with the radio the charge to have supported the opening of the National front. Serge de Beketch is then summoned to leave, then Jean Ferré which sought to defend it.
The Defense committee of the listeners of Radio Solidarity
Drawn aside of the antenna, Jean Ferré then creates the Defense committee of the listeners of Radio Solidarity (CDARS). It is under this name, declared with the police headquarter, that it founds Radio Courtesy, whose first emission is diffused on November 7th, 1987.
From November 1987 until the end of his life, Jean Shoed, officially president of the leading Committee of Radio Courtesy, directed in fact the radio by devoting all his time to him. Each Monday evening, it animated itself there a Libre Newspaper , without interruption until July 31st, 2006, date of its last emission.
In November 2006, after the death of Jean Shoed occurred on October 10th, a sharp polemic opposed Henry de Lesquen, the new president of the leading Committee, and Claude Reichman, owner of emission, about the succession with the head of the radio. Their divergences were expressed with the antenna, during their respective emissions. The polemic led to the ousting of Claude Reichman, then several other owners of emission of long time. On a blow of glare during its emission of on February 23rd, 2007, Jean-Gilles Malliarakis left itself the radio until “Radio Courtesy is released”.
The leading line defined by Shoed Jean
Two objectives are defined in the candidates' file deposited in 1986: to respect the right to the expression of all the families of the right French like defending and illustrating the French language. In practice, the leading line of Radio Courtesy is directed around 3 axes: the political axis (right-hand side), the religious axis (primarily catholic traditionalist) and the cultural axis. The same emission often approaches political topics and religious topics, whereas the cultural emissions mix only seldom the kinds.
The station preserves its leading freedom while not resorting to publicity. It is an associative radio to which the listeners are regularly invited to contribute by an annual adhesion and gifts.
The political line
On the political plan, Jean Ferré wished that Radio Courtesy was at the same time anchored to right and was opened with all the families of the right-hand side, of the center right to the National front. Jean Ferré very often explained to its antenna the attacks whose its radio was the object: for some of its detractors, Radio Courtesy was “the radio of Le Pen”, for others “the radio of Chirac”. To all, he always opposed his firm will (according to him “poitevine”) to make his radio a radio “open on all the lines”, i.e. also open to the National front.
Jean Shoed, was itself Royaliste and personally very anti-gaulliste. But, in an emission of Catherine Gourin dated October 3rd, 1991, he recalled that he “had sacrificed his antigaullism on the furnace bridge of the reconciliation”, that he “had committed himself with respect to itself never not arguing in public against the de Gaulle General”, that, in addition, he respected certain “large gaullists” like Alain Griotteray. As it specified it itself in its own Libre Newspaper of April 16th, 2001, its project was “to gather all the patriots”. With many recoveries, Jean Ferré affirmed that it was not agreement with all that was said to the antenna of Radio Courtesy but that it had wanted, in accordance with his leading, to give full and whole line “freedom” to his “owners” of emission, in their remarks and the choice of their guests.
To present the emissions most directly political, one finds organizers like Yannick Urrien, Alain Griotteray, Paul-Marie Coûteaux, Michel de Rostolan, Benoîte Taffin, Henry de Lesquen, Martial Bild, Catherine Rouvier, Jacques Garello, Henri Fouquereau, Bernard Antony. Among the old organizers one can note Claude Reichman, Olivier Pichon and Jean-Gilles Malliarakis until the end of 2006, Serge de Beketch until his death in 2007, and formerly Pierre Chaunu.
Among the oldest owners of emissions, several declared maurrassiens, and the concept of “real country” presented by the slogan of the radio testifies besides to this historical influence.
The religious line
The radio operator fact a broad place with the Catholic religion and, in particular, with the catholics traditionalists of the sacerdotal Fraternity Saint-Magpie X, Institute of Good Pasteur and Fraternity Saint-Pierre.
Thus regularly express with the microphone of Radio Courtesy the abbot Guillaume de Tanoüarn, the abbot Philippe Laguérie, the father Michel Lelong, the abbot Gregoire Célier. Jean Ferré very often invited the abbot André Wartelle until his death in 2001. Certain guests are less frequent, but more consensual the such abbot Alain of Morandais.
To present the emissions most directly religious, one finds in week of the organizers like Philippe Maxence and Daniel Hamiche. Sunday is placed under the seal of Lumière 101 the radio operator of Sunday of Radio Courtesy , radio Christian woman founded in 1981, who amalgamated with Radio Courtesy with the creation of the latter. The Sunday emissions are thus strongly nuns.
The cultural line
Radio Courtesy makes a broad place with the history, the literature, the francophonie, and, to a lesser extent, with painting, the sculpture, the cinema, the spectacles and poetry.
To present the emissions most directly cultural, one finds organizers like Philippe of Saint-Robert, Dominique Paoli, Jean Sévillia, Pierre-Emmanuel Prouvost d' Agostino, Philippe Lejeune, Jean Darnel, Aude de Kerros, Philippe of Hugues, Jean-Paul Török, Bernard Lugan, Albert Salon, Michel Mourlet. Among the old organizers, one can note Alain Paucard until June 2007, and formerly Pierre Debray-Ritzen
Course of the emissions
On Radio Courtesy, the emissions last between 1:00 and 3:00 and the guests can express themselves freely throughout all emission. The spirit of the radio wants that the guest can express himself as a long time as it wishes it, without being stopped nor contradicted, so that it can " to go at the bottom of its ideas " and with the " bottom of the things ".
The spirit of debate on Radio Courtesy
The various emissions of the week can be contradicted between them because of the diversity of opinion of the owners of emission and the guests; because one finds on Radio Courtesy, of the partisans of the Libéralisme or the Protectionnisme, the partisans of the Mondialisation or the Anti-universalization, the defenders of the Palestinian cause or the defenders of the Sionisme, pro-American or the partisans of a multipolar world, the antiones or partisans of the Immigration (like Georges Lane of Paris IX Dauphine). Thus, Jean-Louis Curtis of the French Academy declared: “Radio Courtesy is anticonformist until the provocation, which is not to displease to me, although I would be far from sharing all the opinions that one professes there. But finally, in agreement or dissension, one can, with his microphone, speech freely. Today, it is appreciable. ”
Support of intellectuals for Radio Courtesy
These testimonys are extracted from the 2 Mail of Radio Courtesy (lower cf).
Maurice Schumann of the French Academy, companion of the Resistance: “In the field of audio-visual, you are the stubborn defenders and sometimes the refuge of the good taste. Can this rare merit guarantee your longevity! ”
Jerome Lejeune of the Institute of France, former scientific adviser of the pope Jean-Paul II: “This crucible of the thought without obstacle, this shelter against the bombardment by Official Ethics, this tiny studio of Radio-Courtesy gives to France which we like the means of being made hear. ”
Rene Han, journalist of Chinese origin, former president of FR3: “" The free radio of the country réel" & Yes, it was well that the major reality of our country. Modesty, and not exhibitionnism and the slavish flattery. Hospitality and not the mortuary. The respect of the other. Not the terrorism of the ideas to the mode…”
Antonio Fontan, first president of the Senate of the democratic Spain: “In the studio of Radio-Courtesy, I met my friends hispanists - and friends of Spain - as Jacques Soustelle, Pierre Chaunu, Jean-François Deniau. I believe that Radio-Courtesy constitutes a company without precedent in Europe. It puts really the technique of telecommunications at the service of the cultural history of France and the continent. Radio-courtesy is, in my opinion, a model for other European countries. ”
Michel Mohrt of the French Academy: “A free radio, which doesn't depend on the capacity, where one can be expressed without reserves, where best French is with the honor, which can wish of better a French writer and listener? ”
Lucien Israel of the Institute of France, cancer specialist: “Radio-Courtesy, true freedom, vis-a-vis the legions of the standardization and the set language; vision, above the confusion maintained by the grave-diggers our civilization; courage when much hesitates frileusement. A headlight in the storm, remedy against the shipwrecks. ”
Maurice Rheims of the French Academy: “In this world of the audio-visual one where the best and the poor one is had a presentiment of, you occupy a remarkable place because you support the expansion of the Culture in many his disciplines. ”
Radio Courtesy profits from the frequent collaboration of personalities of the intellectual world like Jean Tulard and Gabriel de Broglie of the Institut, Christian Cabrol of the Medical college, Aymeric Chauprade and Jacques Heers of the Sorbonne, Georges Lane of Paris IX Dauphine, Yves Roucaute of Paris X Nanterre, Maurice Druon and Jacqueline de Romilly of the French Academy, as well as other academicians and academics.
Of other personalities takes part in emissions of the radio like the companion of the Résistance and general Welsh Pierre-Marie, the chronicler with the Figaro Ivan Rioufol, the adviser of the general De Gaulle, Alain Peyrefitte, or chairs it association Amitié France-Israel , Gilles-William Goldnadel.
Of the Ministers for the Fillon government was recently invited on Radio Courtesy: Xavier Darcos, Minister for Education, by Catherine Rouvier and Valerie Pécresse, Minister for Higher education and Research by Yannick Urrien.
Of more discussed or unexpected personalities was also invited (only once for the majority) like Brigitte Bardot, Thierry Ardisson, Jacques Vergès, Alain Soral, Dieudonné, the ufologists Jean-Pierre Petit and Joel Mesnard, or the negationnists Robert Faurisson and Pierre Guillaume (not to be confused with the military of the same name which animated an emission of many years there).
Of the men of the left was also sometimes invited, as the president of Reporters without borders Robert Ménard, of the close relations of the former minister Jean-Pierre Chevènement, and the journalist with Marianne, Jean-François Kahn.
Radio courtesy publishes “the Mail of Radio Courtesy”. Two numbers are appeared: number 1, Ten thousand hours of radiophonic creations in 1992 and number 2, Ten years of enthusiasm in 1998.
the Festival of the Courtesy: large annual sale-signature (in May - June) gathering writers passed on the antenna of Radio Courtesy. According to the radio, they would have been more than 400 in 2006.
the Daudet price: created in the honor of Alphonse Daudet and Leon Daudet, it is given each year to the personality having best served the French language according to the listeners of Radio Courtesy. Following dissensions within the radio, Jean-Louis Daudet, heir to Alphonse and Leon, prohibited in the current direction (in fact, Henry de Lesquen) to use his family name. The price is entitled from now on Prix Jean Ferré, in the honor of the founder of Radio Courtesy, deceased in 2006.
In frequency modulation (FM)
- Chartres: 104,5 MHz,
- Mans: 98,8 MHz,
- Le Havre: 101,1 MHz,
- Caen: 100,6 MHz,
- Cherbourg: 87,8 MHz.
Radio Courtesy is diffused by a satellite HOT BIRD of Eutelsat. One can collect it either by the range of satellite channels TPS (radio operator number 80), or directly via transponder 120, at frequency 10911 MHz, vertical polarization, 27500 Msymb/s, FEC 3/4, SID 3305, audio 3335.
Via http://tv-radio.com (bonds direct Windows Media: ms: /viptvr.yacast.net/tvr_radiocourtoisie)
on May 26th, 1993 Radio Courtesy and its organizer Serge de Beketch are condemned for slandering towards Olivier Biffaud, journalist with the daily newspaper Le Monde , to pour frank a symbolic system of damages, like 8.000 F of court fees. During a diffused emission on April 29th, 1992, Mr. de Beketch had declared, evoking the initial ones of Mr. Biffaud, whom it has “a pretty name of hygienic trimming”. The court estimated that this sentence “undermines the delicacy and to the dignity of the person concerned”.
Of 1997 with 2006, the Superior council of audio-visual the (SCUMS) addressed to Radio Courtesy, for remarks considered as potentially racist, abusive or negationnists, diffused with the antenna and coming according to the cases from an organizer or a speaker, three mails and two injunctions. It ordered, as sanction, the insertion of an official statement at the beginning of the emission the Free Newspaper of November 13rd, 2006, at 6 p.m. None of these remarks however was the subject legal of judgment.
Those which are hostile in Radio Courtesy, resting on the emissions where catholics traditionalists express themselves, members of MPF, MNR or National front say to highlight the proximity of the remarks made by certain organizers with the antenna with the theses of the Extrême right-hand side. They are also based on an opposition presented in certain emissions between what would be the “soft line” (to hear the UMP mainly) and the remainder of the right-hand side (to hear all that is with the right-hand side of UMP). Those of the Courtoisie radio presenters who are close to the National front or which accommodate it refuse name “Extrême right-hand side”, except for Serge de Beketch. Jean-Marie Le Pen, itself, expressed with the antenna of Radio Courtesy this same refusal to be registered in this category, to which he prefers that “national line”.
|Random links:||Shopping mall | Ernest-Antoine Seilliere | 2-chlorobenzylidene malonitrile | My newspaper | Ignác Platzer | Professeur_Challenger|