Publius Rutilius Rufus
Publius Rutilius Rufus (158 av. J. - C. - v. 78 av. J. - C.) is a politician, a speaker and a historian of ancient Rome. It is also the great-uncle of Jules César.
In 134 av. J. - C., it begins its military career under Scipion Émilien in front of Numance. In 109 av. J. - C., he is legate under Quintus Caecilius Metellus, at the time of the war against Jugurtha in Numidie, with Caius Marius. It is distinguished with the battle from Muthul, where it faces a load of the enemy ordered by Bomilcar and manages to capture or mutilate the majority of the elephants of war of Numidiens.
In 105 av. J. - C., it is Consul, then legate of Quintus Mucius Scævola in Asia and governor of Asia. By helping its superior in his efforts of protection the provincial ones against the extortions of Publicani, or the farmers of the tax collectors of the taxes, Rufus attracted each other the hatred of the equestrian Ordre.
In 92 av. J. - C., it is marked wrongly of collusion, the members of the jury being equestrian knights. It is defended by its nephew Gaius Aurelius Cotta. It is exiled with Mytilène, then Smyrna, probably an act of challenge against its prosecutors: it is accommodated with the honors in the city where it passes the remainder of its life. He refuses to return to Rome when Sylla requires of him.
It written there its biography and a history of Rome in Greek. In 78 av. J. - C., Cicéron comes to visit him.
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