Pori , in Swedish Björneborg , is a city south-west of the Finland, in the province of Western Finland and the area of the Satakunta. The city is populated of 76.200 inhabitants, 98% have as a native tongue Finnish, only 0,5% have Swedish. The city has moreover oldest festival of Jazz of Europe created in 1966.
HistoryThe city is based by Jean III of Sweden in 1558, on the place of a small village of fishermen and shopping mall of importance limited to the mouth of the Kokemäenjoki, at the edge of the Gulf of Bothnia. It quickly takes the step on the rival Rauma and knows a strong growth, becoming at the beginning of the XVIIe century the 3rd city of the country. The city very knows then many fires violent one, reducing it periodically of ashes each time. As of the end of the XVIIIe century the installation of textile factories marks the beginning of industrialization. The Industrial revolution transforms Pori into a major industrial center on the scale of Finland, equipped in 1900 with varied industries dominated by wood, metals and the textile. The city preserves this industrial tradition today and remains dominated politically by the left parties (in particular the Sociaux-démocrates. The port remains very active in spite of many displacements towards the downstream because of the Isostasie. After the annexation of two rural communes, the population culminates beyond the 80.000 in the Années 1970, but the factories know then several reduction plans of manpower and industry undergoes full whip the collapse of the the USSR. Today the city nevertheless succeeded in preserving several industries at high added value (Outokumpu is the largest private employer of the city, followed by division pigments and paintings of the chemist Kemira and a unit of Technip to Finland).
GeographyIsostasie obliges, the center town is located at nearly 12 km of the sea, close to the beginning of the broad estuary of the Kokemäenjoki. The area is very plane, and the low and often sandy coast (the great beach of Yyteri is one of most known of Finland). Principal industries are at the variation of the city, close to the port and the sea.
Because of its broad opening on the sea, the commune gathers many islands. Most important is occupied by the fishing port of Reposaari (where Loma- Asuntomessut in 2008 will be held).
Born in Pori
- Akseli Gallen-Kallela (1865 - 1931), certainly the Finnish painter most known. In Pori, it carried out the initial frescos of the Mausolée Juselius , a funerary vault neogothic financed by an industrial rich person for his daughter in 1903.
- Kaarlo Kangasniemi, haltérophile Olympic champion with Mexico City in 1968.
- Veli-Pekka Ketola, former player of Hockey.
- Aurora Karamzin - Stjernvall, (1808 - 1902), philantrope, it gave its name at many institutions in Finland (hospital, schools…).
AirThe airport of Pori has a limited importance (60 000 passengers in 2005): Finncomm Airlines operates daily flights towards Helsinki and the airport accommodates some flights holidays bound for the hot countries in winter.
RailwayPori pays its position offset on the network of VR. It nevertheless is connected to Tampere (1h30) by local trains and there with the remainder of the network and in particular in Helsinki (3h minimum). No the connection practices towards Rauma or Turku.
Truck driverMain road 2 arrival of Helsinki finishes in Pori and remains the most practical axis to serve the capital. Pori is also a stage between Turku and Vaasa on main road 8, and is also connected to Tampere (main road 11) and Joensuu via Jyväskylä (national 23).
- Rauma : 46 km
- Tampere: 115 km
- Turku: 138 km
- Vaasa: 193 km
- Lahti: 239 km
- Helsinki: 242 km
- Jyväskylä: 262 km
- Lappeenranta: 386 km
- Kuopio: 404 km
- Joensuu: 507 km
- Oulu: 511 km
- Rovaniemi: 734 km
TwinningsPori is twinned with
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