The ponies are small horses whose size at the adulthood is lower or equal to 1,48 m with the garrot. Contrary, the horses have a size strictly higher than 1,48 m, the measurement height being carried out with an animal not shoed.
Classification between pony and horse by the only size is retained by the international equestrian Fédération in order to have an objective criterion on the qualifications between tests “horses” and “ponies”. Thus, one équidé born from two parents ponies will be regarded as horse if its size is higher than 1,48 m not shoed, or 1,49 m shoed.
This definition of the pony by the size is to be moderated by particular cases. Thus, the the Camargue is generally regarded as a horse and not a pony in spite of its size lower than 1,48 m for a vast majority of the individuals. The term “pony” has a relationship with Poulain since it comes from the English pony , which is supposed to derive itself from the Former French poulenet , small foal. These words originate in remote the Latin , pullus , which indicated the small one of a Animal in general.
The Femelle of the pony is often called “ponette”.
Races of ponies
Exits of the Natural selection or the intervention of the man, the current Race S of ponies are as varied as the countries and the ways of practicing the horsemanship. In France, the National stud farms recognize of them thirteen Race S.
- Poney landais
- New forest
- Australian Poney
- French Poney of saddle
- Welsh Poney
- Welsh Poney of the mountains
- Icelandic Poney
- the Shetland
- Welsh Mountain
- Welsh cob
- Kerry Bog
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