Shopping mall, cultural and tourist of the Haut-Doubs, Pontarlier, located at more than 800 meters of altitude, is the second highest city of France. It profited formerly from an international repute while being the capital of the wormwood before its prohibition in 1915.
Its inhabitants is called the Pontissaliens and the Pontissaliennes .
The city is mentioned as of Antiquity under names of Ariarica or Abiolica .
The city is located in Center-Is France, in the south of the department of Doubs, ten kilometers of the border Suisse. It is in the south-east of Besancon from which it is distant of approximately 60 kilometers
The city one of is struck down France. (source: Météorage)
The annual average temperature with Pontarlier is of 7.5°C.
The city developed on a plate, with approximately 800 meters of altitude, the foot of Larmont (1323 meters). It is crossed by the Doubs.
Transport and communications
EnvironmentThe area of Pontarlier is characterized by cold winters, which do not exluent a great ecological richness, dependant on the variety of the mediums of medium mountains, to the presence of Forêt S.
On announces however pullulations of Campagnol of the fields which are vectors of the echinococcosis whose Renard, Chien and Chat would be the best relays towards the man. A recent study showed that whereas with Annemasse analyzed droppings carrying this parasite were especially rural (26,6% of 346 deposit in rural environment, against 13% of 301 deposit collected in urban environment), with Pontarlier , the proportion was of 14,1% of deposit found in urban environment (249 deposit) for only 6,2% of 210 deposit found in rural environment). Dogs and cats could be there potentially carrying vectors, which it is thus appropriate of vermifuger regularly.
The axis of exchanges connecting north to the south of Europe made of Pontarlier, as of the Middle Ages, the shopping mall of an area coveted for its borders with Switzerland. The cluse of Joux, located at 5 km of the city, is known since Antiquity like the principal crossing point to cross the solid mass of the Jura.
Like all Haut-Doubs, she will suffer much from the French invasion during the Guerre ten year old. She occupied then is plundered in 1639.
Pontarlier is also a pionnière city of the Aviation. The first page of the aeronautical history of the city is written, on October 29th 1910, by Auguste Junod on board its biplane Farman of 50 cv. This first flight causes the admiration of very many crowd come to admire this machine. On July 2nd and 3rd of the following year, are marked by the arrival of two other machines with Pontarlier to carry out the first air meeting of Franche-Comté. The event attracts approximately 10.000 people. The aero club of Pontarlier is created 20 years later, on March 12th, 1930, by a handle of impassioned aviation. At that time, the association, chaired by Mr. Eugene Thévenin does not have yet plane, for lack of sufficient funds. Their first actions thus aim at joining together money. May 13rd, 1934 the aero club receives its first plane, a POTEZ 43, monoplane-three-seater of 100 cv., baptized for the occasion: " Town of Pontarlier". A whole generation of apparatuses follows this precursor. Today, the aero club took a true take-off and is well equipped: 2 tracks of 1000 meters (hard and bleaches on grass), as well as fleet of five planes with high wings, with low wings, two-seater, three-seater or four-seater.
Elected official mayor in 1995, André Cuinet (liberal Democracy) must resign in 1999 after being recognized guilty of Prise illegal of interest and Faux and use of forgery. He is replaced by his assistant Patrick Genre, which is re-elected in 2001.
With the census of 1999, the commune of Pontarlier counted: 18360 inhabitants. The urban unit, made up of the communes of Pontarlier, Doubs, Houtaud and Dommartin, reached: 21922 inhabitants. The urban surface added up: 29218 inhabitants.
Economy and industries
Since the prohibition of the wormwood or " Verte" fairy; , one produced there a aniseed aperitif, with the distilling Pierre Guy, which bears the name of the commune (Pontarlier-Anise).
In Pontarlier one can note the presence of several major industries:
- the Nestlé factory: Pontarlier is the place of production of the famous chocolate powder Nesquik.
- the Schrader factory which produces in particular valves of wheels of vehicles, private individuals or industrialists, and airliners.
- the Armstrong factory which produces suspended ceilings starting from papers, rockwool, starch,….
- the Amyot factory which produces lathe chucks (1st French producer, 4th world producer).
- the Gurtner factory which produces industrial parts for the car.
the city has an antenna of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Doubs.
Political personalities and military
- Edgar Faure, academician (1978 - 1988) and President of the Council (1955 - 1956), was mayor of Pontarlier of 1971 with 1978.
- Philippe Attic, Doctor, republican converted with the Islam, was born in Pontarlier (1865-1944) and was Député (1896-1898).
François Perrier, painter, was born in Pontarlier (1590-1650).
- Xavier Marmier, Novelist and Poet, born in Pontarlier (1808-1892), elected with the French Academy in 1870.
- Robert Fernier, painter, founder of the Living room of Annonciades.
- Andre Roz, painter.
- Pierre Bichet, painter, was born in Pontarlier and resides at it.
- Rod Barthet, singer and French guitarist born in 1970 with Pontarlier.
- Vincent Defrasne, biathlète, was born in Pontarlier in 1977.
- Mickaël Isabey, footballer, was born in Pontarlier in 1975.
- Fabrice Guy, champion of Combined Scandinavian, was born in Pontarlier in 1968.
- Alexandre Rousselet, cross-country skier, born in Pontarlier in 1977.
Tourist monuments and places
- Triumphal arch of the Door Saint-Pierre (18th century);
- Gate of the old vault of Annonciades (18th century);
- Vault of the Hope;
- Stained glasses created in 1976 by the French painter Alfred Manessier for the Saint-Benign church;
- municipal Museum of Pontarlier, places Frame;
; Excursions in the vicinity:
- the procession of Entreroches;
- Strong Catinat of higher Larmont
- Strong Mahler, higher Larmont and the Large Bull (1 323 m);
- Castle of Joux;
- Sources and valleys of Rents and the Doubs;
- Basins and jump of the Doubs;
- Lake of Saint-Point: 3e natural lake of France (length: 7 km, width: 1 km, surface: approximately 400 ha);
- Lake Remoray.
- CA Pontarlier (football)
- C.A.Pontarlier Rugby
Festival of the Wormwood (plant)
- Craftsmen with the Great course
- Championship of France of tarot
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