The Poméranie is a coastal region in the south of the the Baltic, located in Germany ( Pommern ) and in Poland ( Pomorze ) enters and on banks of the rivers the Vistula and Oder reaching the river Reknitz to the west.
The Polish part is divided into Voïvodie S while the German part is in the Land of Mecklembourg-Poméranie Western.
The history is very disturbed. The area was initially controlled by the dukes then by the various neighbors: Poland, Denmark, Saxony, Brandebourg, Prussia, Sweden, then German empire.
Origin and significance of the name
The name means, in Slavic language, “country close to the sea” and appeared about the year millet.
In the second part of the 10th century, Poméranie became an area of Poland. A évêché was created with Kołobrzeg but it was destroyed a few years later, by the pagan populations local which refused the Christianisation. Starting from 1030, Poland starts to be dislocated but Casimir Ier the Restorer succeeds in reconquering most of the lost areas, taking again the Mazovie and Poméranie in 1047. Its successor, Boleslas II the Generous, loses the control of Poméranie which takes again its independence.
The first hard copy monarchs poméraniens date of 1046. It mentions Zemuzil dux Bomeranorum (Siemomysl, duke of Poméraniens). The Chronique of Gallus Anonymus (beginning of the 12th century) quotes several Duc S poméraniens: Swantibor, Gniewomir, and a third duke whose name is not known and who had his seat with Kołobrzeg.
- the Eastern Poméranie (with Gdańsk) is under the direct control of Poland which names the governors
- the Poméranie power station (with Słupsk and Sławno) becomes a Fief Polish controlled by the duke Racibor Ier
- the Western Poméranie (with Kamień Pomorski, Kołobrzeg and Białogard) becomes a Polish stronghold controlled by the duke Warcislaw Ier
- Szczecin and Wolin obtains a broad autonomy while remaining Polish strongholds
The governors of Poméranie Eastern gradually obtained more and more to be able to become increasingly independent dukes (until in 1294), in turn vassal of Poland or the Denmark. The duchy temporarily disaggregated in several districts: Gdańsk, Białogard, Świecie and Lubieszewo - Tczew.
Western Warcislaw Ier de Poméranie gave rise to the dynasty Griffin which controlled the duchy until in 1637. According to the times, the duchy was vassal of Poland, of Denmark, of the Saxony, the Brandebourg or the Holy roman Empire. The duchy temporarily disaggregated in several districts: Szczecin, Wolgast, Barth, Darłowo, Demmin, Słupsk and Stargard Szczeciński. The successors of Racibor Ier controlled the duchy of Poméranie power station until in 1238. Thereafter, the dukes of Poméranie Western, Poméranie Eastern, Rügen and Brandebourg are argument the area.
More big citiesMore the big cities are (census of 1999):
- In Poland:
- conurbation between
- Szczecin Stettin in German (416 988) (1905 - 224.078)
- Bydgoszcz (386 855)
- Toruń (206 158)
- Włocławek (123 373)
- Koszalin (112 375)
- Słupsk (102 370)
- Grudziądz (100 787)
- Stargard Szczeciński (72 000)
- Tczew (60 128)
- Kołobrzeg (50 000)
- Świnoujście (44 000)
- Malbork (40 135)
- Kwidzyn (37 936)
- Police force (34 319)
- In Germany:
LanguageIn Poméranie Polish, the bilingual Signalisation is used in the zone of language Kachoube. It is limited to the locators.
List of the dukes of Poméranie
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