The Pnyx (in Greek old Πνύξ Pnýx , in Greek modern Πνύκα Pníka ) is a hill of Athens where time of the Athenian Démocratie the Ecclésia gathered, the assembly of the citizens. They could vote by a show of hands the laws there, designate the members of the Boulè, the Héliée and the magistrates, vote the budget, but also decide with secret bulletin (it was at the origin by means of shards resulting from ceramic industry, - in Greek ὄστρακον óstrakon ) of the banishment of a citizen (Ostracism).
It can contain: 6000 people whereas there was: 40000 citizens. But the pnyx seldom makes packed hill! To fight against this absenteeism, as from fourth century BC, one poured with the participants a small allowance.
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