BiographyVery early, Bonnard shows an interest for the letters, the Latin , the Greek and the Philosophie like for the drawing and the color. In 1885, after having obtained its baccalaureat, it enters in Faculty of Law, according to the desires of his father. It obtains its license in 1888. It then will follow the courses of the Académie Julian and is allowed at the School of the Art schools, where it meets Vuillard, which it approaches. He discovers the painting of Gauguin, Van Gogh, Degas, Monet, Cézanne…
Pierre Bonnard adheres to the artistic group of the Nabi S. This one is made up amongst other things of Edouard Vuillard, Maurice Denis, Felix Vallotton, and is strongly influenced by the ideas of Paul Gauguin, also is very marked by the vogue of the Japonisme. Particularly marked by this last tendency, and the design different from the prospect and the space which one finds in the Kakemono, Pierre Bonnard acquired the nickname of " then; Nabi japonard". This movement also had as characteristics the exaltation of the color, the simplification of the form and the sublimation of the daily newspaper, on which Nabis give a character atemporel.
In November 1889, Bonnard lends lawyer oath. In the year 1890 it goes the every day to the Parquet floor. It draws the men of law there. This year there it must carry out one military period, it is soldier of 2nd class to the 52e regiment of Infantry with Bourgouin. From there the Exercise will be born its fabric, in which it handles tons pure.
Nabis also prove innovators in the field of the Graphic arts by carrying out albums of Estampe S and books illustrated. Pierre Bonnard was the first of the nabis to be been interested in the Affiche. Rejecting with the modelled departure traditional painting in favor of flat tints of frank colors, encircled by an evocative and elegant line which aims to the decorative effect, it finds gradually a way very personal where it employs to paint subjects intimate, interior, naked, windows open on the garden, of the effects impressionist S been useful by light and luminous palettes, the whole supported by a very sure direction of the composition and drawing.
In 1891, it presents 5 tables in 4 ornamental panels to the Salon of Independent the. This same year, it carries out an order for France-Champagne and gives up at the same time its legal career. It then becomes acquainted with Toulouse-Lautrec, with which it binds friendship. It is found in competition for a project for the Moulin-Rouge, Lautrec carries it.
To the Living room of Independent the of 1892, Bonnard presents the Blouse to squares and the part of croquet .
In 1893, it meets Marthe, born Maria Boursin, who is made call Marthe De Meligny who will become her model and his wife. The same year is published Scène of family , one of the first Lithographie of Bonnard in the review the Print . After that it will make other lithographies for the White Revue , like Parisiennes and the Woman with the umbrella .
In 1897, Bonnard illustrates of 18 drawings to the brush a novel of the Dane Peter Nansen, Marie , appeared in the White Revue . He is then noticed by Ambroise Vollard and will make on his request, 109 lithographies for a work of free poetries of Verlaine, Parallèlement . He will renew the experiment, always on the request for Vollard, for Daphnis and Chloé .
In the beginning of the Years 1900, Bonnard travels much abroad. Initially with Venice and Milan in 1899, with Roussel and Vuillard, then in Spain in 1901, Seville, Grenade, Tolède, Madrid. Between 1905 and 1906, he undertakes a cruising in Belgium and Holland.
He crosses then a dark period during which he paints interiors and night scenes of streets.
His/her single Marthe partner dies in 1942.
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